How to format your references using the IET Systems Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Systems Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van Woesik, R.: ‘Comment on “Coral reef death during the 1997 Indian Ocean dipole linked to Indonesian wildfires”’Science, 2004, 303, (5662), pp. 1297; author reply 1297.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grodzinsky, Y., Nelken, I.: ‘Neuroscience. The neural code that makes us human’Science, 2014, 343, (6174), pp. 978–979.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hren, M.T., Tice, M.M., Chamberlain, C.P.: ‘Oxygen and hydrogen isotope evidence for a temperate climate 3.42 billion years ago’Nature, 2009, 462, (7270), pp. 205–208.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Russell, A.G., Charette, J.M., Spencer, D.F., Gray, M.W.: ‘An early evolutionary origin for the minor spliceosome’Nature, 2006, 443, (7113), pp. 863–866.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Held, G.: ‘Bulletproofing TCP/IP-based Windows NT/2000 Networks’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2001)
An edited book
Ramasubramanian, K.: ‘Tantrasaṅgraha of Nīlakaṇṭha Somayājī’ (Springer, 2011, 1st edn.)
A chapter in an edited book
Ruiz, J.F., Comar, C., Moy, Y.: ‘Source Code as the Key Artifact in Requirement-Based Development: The Case of Ada 2012’, in Brorsson, M., Pinho, L.M. (Eds.): ‘Reliable Software Technologies – Ada-Europe 2012: 17th Ada-Europe International Conference on Reliable Software Technologies, Stockholm, Sweden, June 11-15, 2012. Proceedings’ (Springer, 2012), pp. 49–59

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Systems Biology.

Blog post
Davis, J.: ‘Study Finds People Can Be Identified By The Bacteria They Breathe Out’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Freight Railroads: Updated Information on Rates and Other Industry Trends’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2007)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, K.: ‘Manifesting archetypal energy through music’. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Roach, M.: ‘Faces in the Crowd’New York Times, 2010, p. BR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Systems Biology
AbbreviationIET Syst. Biol.
ISSN (print)1751-8849
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology
Modelling and Simulation

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