How to format your references using the IET Systems Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Systems Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Godfray, H.C.J., Jr: ‘Linnaeus in the information age’Nature, 2007, 446, (7133), pp. 259–260.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nishimura, M., Somerville, S.: ‘Plant biology. Resisting attack’Science, 2002, 295, (5562), pp. 2032–2033.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arnold, K.E., Owens, I.P.F., Marshall, N.J.: ‘Fluorescent signaling in parrots’Science, 2002, 295, (5552), p. 92.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Maga, G., Villani, G., Crespan, E., et al.: ‘8-oxo-guanine bypass by human DNA polymerases in the presence of auxiliary proteins’Nature, 2007, 447, (7144), pp. 606–608.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wei, J.: ‘Great Inventions that Changed the World’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012)
An edited book
Jankowski, N., Duch, W., Gra̧bczewski, K. (Eds.): ‘Meta-Learning in Computational Intelligence’ (Springer, 2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Chevrot, A., Drapé, J.-L., Godefroy, D., Feydy, A.: ‘Percutaneous Infiltration of the Craniovertebral Region’, in Gangi, A., Guth, S., Guermazi, A. (Eds.): ‘Imaging in Percutaneous Musculoskeletal Interventions’ (Springer, 2009), pp. 83–91

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Systems Biology.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: ‘Most Of Our Galaxy’s Antimatter Comes From Supernovae’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Aviation Security: A National Strategy and Other Actions Would Strengthen TSA’s Efforts to Secure Commercial Airport Perimeters and Access Controls’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2009)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jaramillo, M.A.: ‘Morphology of ferromagnetic thin films on nanosphere templates’. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robertson, C., Walsh, M.W.: ‘Debt Crisis? Bankruptcy Fears? See Jefferson County, Ala’New York Times, 2011, p. A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Systems Biology
AbbreviationIET Syst. Biol.
ISSN (print)1751-8849
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology
Modelling and Simulation

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