How to format your references using the IET Intelligent Transport Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Intelligent Transport Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rempe, G.: ‘Quantum optics. A photon steers a photon with an atom’Science, 2014, 345, (6199), p. 871.
A journal article with 2 authors
Phillpot, S.R., Sinnott, S.B.: ‘Materials science. Simulating multifunctional structures’Science, 2009, 325, (5948), pp. 1634–1635.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, Q., Clark, M.S., Palmiter, R.D.: ‘Deciphering a neuronal circuit that mediates appetite’Nature, 2012, 483, (7391), pp. 594–597.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen, H.-C., Lin, H.-C., Chen, H.-H., et al.: ‘Innovative strategy with potential to increase hemodialysis efficiency and safety’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 4425.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glisic, S.: ‘Advanced Wireless Communications’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2005)
An edited book
Srivastava, S. (Ed.): ‘Biomarker Discovery in the Developing World: Dissecting the Pipeline for Meeting the Challenges’ (Springer India, 2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Irving, T.: ‘Which Voice? Which Working Class?’, in Michell, D., Wilson, J.Z., Archer, V. (Eds.): ‘Bread and Roses: Voices of Australian Academics from the Working Class’ (SensePublishers, 2015), pp. 29–37

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Intelligent Transport Systems.

Blog post
Hamilton, K.: ‘Ten Bizarre Animals You’ve Never Heard Of’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘American Samoa: Accountability for Key Federal Grants Needs Improvement’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2004)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frisbee, K.L.: ‘The impact of mobile health (mhealth) technology on family caregiver’s burden levels and an assessment of variations in mhealth tool use’. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J.: ‘Deadly, Stylish Comfort’New York Times, 2017, p. C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Intelligent Transport Systems
AbbreviationIET Intell. Transp. Syst.
ISSN (print)1751-956X
ScopeMechanical Engineering
General Environmental Science

Other styles