How to format your references using the IET Intelligent Transport Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Intelligent Transport Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klarreich, E.: ‘Top researchers plan to snub fertility conference’Nature, 2001, 413, (6853), p. 241.
A journal article with 2 authors
Howard, J., Hyman, A.A.: ‘Dynamics and mechanics of the microtubule plus end’Nature, 2003, 422, (6933), pp. 753–758.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, C., Shang, X.-D., Huang, R.X.: ‘Horizontal eddy energy flux in the world oceans diagnosed from altimetry data’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 5316.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li, G.S., Qu, J.J., Li, X.Z., Wang, W.F.: ‘The sand-deposition impact of artificial gravel beds on the protection of the Mogao Grottoes’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 4341.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lad, B.K., Shrivastava, D., Kulkarni, M.S.: ‘Machine Tool Reliability’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016)
An edited book
Taylor, L.D.: ‘Consumer Demand in the United States: Prices, Income, and Consumption Behavior’ (Springer, 2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Conklin, M.: ‘Project Entity Matching across FLOSS Repositories’, in Feller, J., Fitzgerald, B., Scacchi, W., Sillitti, A. (Eds.): ‘Open Source Development, Adoption and Innovation: IFIP Working Group 2.13 on Open Source Software, June 11–14, 2007, Limerick, Ireland’ (Springer US, 2007), pp. 45–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Intelligent Transport Systems.

Blog post
Hale, T.: ‘The Coolest New Animal Species Discovered In 2016’, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service’s Fiscal Year 2008 Expenditure Plan’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2008)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Finnegan, R.J.: ‘Information food webs: A quantitative inquiry using a biological food web methodology’. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J.C., Jr: ‘Man Gets Maximum Sentence in Bus Driver’s Death’New York Times, 2017, p. A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Intelligent Transport Systems
AbbreviationIET Intell. Transp. Syst.
ISSN (print)1751-956X
ScopeMechanical Engineering
General Environmental Science

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