How to format your references using the IET Intelligent Transport Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Intelligent Transport Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ke, D.-G.: ‘Unifying complexity and information’Sci. Rep., 2013, 3, p. 1585.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allen, R.M., Kanamori, H.: ‘The potential for earthquake early warning in southern California’Science, 2003, 300, (5620), pp. 786–789.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martinón-Torres, M., Rehren, T., Freestone, I.C.: ‘Mullite and the mystery of Hessian wares’Nature, 2006, 444, (7118), pp. 437–438.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Weiss, L.A., Arking, D.E., Gene Discovery Project of Johns Hopkins & the Autism Consortium, Daly, M.J., Chakravarti, A.: ‘A genome-wide linkage and association scan reveals novel loci for autism’Nature, 2009, 461, (7265), pp. 802–808.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Storey, I.C., Allan, A.: ‘A Guide to Ancient Greek Drama’ (Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2008)
An edited book
Bompiani, E. (Ed.): ‘Analisi Funzionale’ (Springer, 2012)
A chapter in an edited book
O’Connor, M.F., Roantree, M.: ‘SCOOTER: A Compact and Scalable Dynamic Labeling Scheme for XML Updates’, in Liddle, S.W., Schewe, K.-D., Tjoa, A.M., Zhou, X. (Eds.): ‘Database and Expert Systems Applications: 23rd International Conference, DEXA 2012, Vienna, Austria, September 3-6, 2012. Proceedings, Part I’ (Springer, 2012), pp. 26–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Intelligent Transport Systems.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: ‘Some Of The World’s Top Scientists Met Recently To Discuss How To Find Alien Life’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Technology: America’s Schools Not Designed or Equipped for 21st Century’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1995)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
LaPorte, M.: ‘Depression and Rumination as a Predictor for Types of Substances Abused’. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J.: ‘Carson McCullers at 100’New York Times, 2017, p. BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Intelligent Transport Systems
AbbreviationIET Intell. Transp. Syst.
ISSN (print)1751-956X
ScopeMechanical Engineering
General Environmental Science

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