How to format your references using the International Journal of Project Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Project Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lander, A.D., 2013. How cells know where they are. Science 339, 923–927.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rodríguez-Trelles, F., Rodríguez, M.A., 2007. Comment on “Global genetic change tracks global climate warming in Drosophila subobscura.” Science 315, 1497; author reply 1497.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grover, T., Sheng, D.N., Vishwanath, A., 2014. Emergent space-time supersymmetry at the boundary of a topological phase. Science 344, 280–283.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Manda, A., Nakamura, H., Asano, N., Iizuka, S., Miyama, T., Moteki, Q., Yoshioka, M.K., Nishii, K., Miyasaka, T., 2014. Impacts of a warming marginal sea on torrential rainfall organized under the Asian summer monsoon. Sci. Rep. 4, 5741.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schrör, K., 2016. Acetylsalicylic Acid. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Brezinski, C., 2014. André-Louis Cholesky: Mathematician, Topographer and Army Officer. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Gjedrem, T., Olesen, I., 2005. Basic Statistical Parameters, in: Gjedrem, T. (Ed.), Selection and Breeding Programs in Aquaculture. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 45–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Project Management.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Glorious Gravitational Lens Discovered In The Distant Universe [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Guaranty Agency Finances (No. HEHS-96-81R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chamberlain, A.D., 2014. Policy and Behavior: Essays in Applied Microeconomics (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. A Martyr So Sure of Herself. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lander, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Lander, 2013; Rodríguez-Trelles and Rodríguez, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rodríguez-Trelles and Rodríguez, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Manda et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Project Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Project Manage.
ISSN (print)0263-7863
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation

Other styles