How to format your references using the International Journal of Project Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Project Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Szidat, S., 2009. Atmosphere. Sources of Asian haze. Science 323, 470–471.
A journal article with 2 authors
Conrad, C.P., Lithgow-Bertelloni, C., 2002. How mantle slabs drive plate tectonics. Science 298, 207–209.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stefanová, I., Dorfman, J.R., Germain, R.N., 2002. Self-recognition promotes the foreign antigen sensitivity of naive T lymphocytes. Nature 420, 429–434.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bonev, S.A., Schwegler, E., Ogitsu, T., Galli, G., 2004. A quantum fluid of metallic hydrogen suggested by first-principles calculations. Nature 431, 669–672.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tsai, C.S., 2006. Biomacromolecules. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nermend, K., Łatuszyńska, M. (Eds.), 2016. Selected Issues in Experimental Economics: Proceedings of the 2015 Computational Methods in Experimental Economics (CMEE) Conference, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Martínez-Otzeta, J.M., Ibarguren, A., Ansuategi, A., Susperregi, L., 2009. Laser Based People Following Behaviour in an Emergency Environment, in: Xie, M., Xiong, Y., Xiong, C., Liu, H., Hu, Z. (Eds.), Intelligent Robotics and Applications: Second International Conference, ICIRA 2009, Singapore, December 16-18, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 33–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Project Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. Five Human Spaceflight Missions To Look Forward To In The Next Decade [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Export Controls: National Security Risks and Revisions to Controls on Computer Systems (No. T-NSIAD-00-139). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Navarro, C., 2012. Advocacy services for high-risk Latino families caring for children with autism: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006. The Roberts Court Takes On Abortion. New York Times WK14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Szidat, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Conrad and Lithgow-Bertelloni, 2002; Szidat, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Conrad and Lithgow-Bertelloni, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Bonev et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Project Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Project Manage.
ISSN (print)0263-7863
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation

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