How to format your references using the International Journal of Project Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Project Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bear, G., 2000. Deep ice and DNA languages. Nature 403, 141.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ernst, U., Pawelzik, K., 2011. Neuroscience. Sensible balance. Science 334, 1507–1508.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yamamoto-Kawai, M., Carmack, E., McLaughlin, F., 2006. Nitrogen balance and Arctic throughflow. Nature 443, 43.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hamm, C.E., Merkel, R., Springer, O., Jurkojc, P., Maier, C., Prechtel, K., Smetacek, V., 2003. Architecture and material properties of diatom shells provide effective mechanical protection. Nature 421, 841–843.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bobrow, J., Kohn, E., Mondragon-Gilmore, J., Eggenschwiler, J., 2009. CliffsNotes® Praxis I®: PPST®. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Tran, L.-S.P., Pal, S. (Eds.), 2014. Phytohormones: A Window to Metabolism, Signaling and Biotechnological Applications. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Erdmann, M., Nguyen, D.D., Takeyoshi, T., Hattori, G., Matsumoto, K., Ono, C., 2012. Hierarchical Training of Multiple SVMs for Personalized Web Filtering, in: Anthony, P., Ishizuka, M., Lukose, D. (Eds.), PRICAI 2012: Trends in Artificial Intelligence: 12th Pacific Rim International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Kuching, Malaysia, September 3-7, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 27–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Project Management.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Watch How This Year’s Early Spring Swept Through The US [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. College Savings: Information on State Tuition Prepayment Programs (No. HEHS-95-131). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heffner, M.D., 2017. Informing Decision-Making for Derailments Involving Hazmat: An Analysis of Phmsa Train Accident Data (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 1999. Focused on Steering A Dinghy to Sydney. New York Times 812.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bear, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bear, 2000; Ernst and Pawelzik, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ernst and Pawelzik, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Hamm et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Project Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Project Manage.
ISSN (print)0263-7863
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation

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