How to format your references using the International Journal of Project Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Project Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Handyside, A., 2010. Let parents decide. Nature 464, 978–979.
A journal article with 2 authors
Spradling, A.C., Zheng, Y., 2007. Developmental biology. The mother of all stem cells? Science 315, 469–470.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, Y., Yi, M., Zou, X., 2014. The linear interplay of intrinsic and extrinsic noises ensures a high accuracy of cell fate selection in budding yeast. Sci. Rep. 4, 5764.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Garcia-Barros, M., Paris, F., Cordon-Cardo, C., Lyden, D., Rafii, S., Haimovitz-Friedman, A., Fuks, Z., Kolesnick, R., 2003. Tumor response to radiotherapy regulated by endothelial cell apoptosis. Science 300, 1155–1159.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meyr, H., Moeneclaey, M., Fechtel, S.A., 2001. Digital Communication Receivers: Synchronization, Channel Estimation, and Signal Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA.
An edited book
Michael, L., Kakas, A. (Eds.), 2016. Logics in Artificial Intelligence: 15th European Conference, JELIA 2016, Larnaca, Cyprus, November 9-11, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Sinz, W., Hoschopf, H., Kirschbichler, S., Tomasch, E., Steffan, H., Darwish, S.M.H., Almodimigh, M., 2013. Methods to Prevent or Mitigate Accidents with Large Animals, in: Öchsner, A., Silva, L.F.M. da, Altenbach, H. (Eds.), Characterization and Development of Biosystems and Biomaterials, Advanced Structured Materials. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 69–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Project Management.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Hundreds Of Laboratory-Riased Chimpanzees Are About To Experience Freedom For The First Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Reports and Testimony: August 1991 (No. OPA-91-13). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fisher, J.D., 2015. A profile of the chief student affairs officers of the California State University system (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2000. In Chinatown, Bulgarian Red Means Wine, Not Politics. New York Times 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Handyside, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Handyside, 2010; Spradling and Zheng, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Spradling and Zheng, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Garcia-Barros et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Project Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Project Manage.
ISSN (print)0263-7863
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation

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