How to format your references using the International Journal of Project Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Project Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Omelon, S., 2004. Graduate journal: from biochemist to engineer. Nature 427, 180.
A journal article with 2 authors
Madin, J.S., Connolly, S.R., 2006. Ecological consequences of major hydrodynamic disturbances on coral reefs. Nature 444, 477–480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, X.C., Zhang, H.W., Lu, K., 2013. Strain-induced ultrahard and ultrastable nanolaminated structure in nickel. Science 342, 337–340.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fujita, Y., Takeshita, F., Mizutani, T., Ohgi, T., Kuwano, K., Ochiya, T., 2013. A novel platform to enable inhaled naked RNAi medicine for lung cancer. Sci. Rep. 3, 3325.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ledolter, J., 2013. Data Mining and Business Analytics with R. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kindscher, K. (Ed.), 2016. Echinacea: Herbal Medicine with a Wild History. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Backhaus, J.G., Fritz, L.W., 2012. Mission-Driven Business Schools, in: Backhaus, Jürgen Georg (Ed.), Two Centuries of Local Autonomy. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 41–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Project Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Robot Law: What Happens if Intelligent Machines Commit Crimes? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Executive Office of the President: Analysis of EOP’s 1999 Information Technology Architecture Update and Capital Investment Plan Report (No. AIMD-00-63R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Himschoot, A.R., 2012. Student perception of relevance of biology content to everyday life: A study in higher education biology courses (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2016. HBO’s ‘Game of Thrones’ Gets an End Date. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Omelon, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Madin and Connolly, 2006; Omelon, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Madin and Connolly, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Fujita et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Project Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Project Manage.
ISSN (print)0263-7863
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation

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