How to format your references using the The Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Sapolsky RM. The influence of social hierarchy on primate health. Science. 2005;308(5722):648-652.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Fitoussi C, Bourdon B. Silicon isotope evidence against an enstatite chondrite Earth. Science. 2012;335(6075):1477-1480.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lee D-H, Kwon K-H, Yi CS. Selective catalytic C-H alkylation of alkenes with alcohols. Science. 2011;333(6049):1613-1616.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Hall-Spencer JM, Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Martin S, et al. Volcanic carbon dioxide vents show ecosystem effects of ocean acidification. Nature. 2008;454(7200):96-99.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Blume SW. High Voltage Protection for Telecommunications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011. ISBN:9781118127018.
An edited book
1.
Blanchette JC, Kosmatov N, eds. Tests and Proofs: 9th International Conference, TAP 2015, Held as Part of STAF 2015, L’Aquila, Italy, July 22-24, 2015. Proceedings. Vol 9154. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. ISBN:9783319212142.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Acebes C, Harvie JP. Psoriatic Arthritis. In: El Miedany Y, ed. Musculoskeletal Ultrasonography in Rheumatic Diseases. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:107-122. ISBN:9783319157221.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. The Wildlife Photographer Of The Year Reveals The People’s Choice Award. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/the-wildlife-photographer-of-the-year-reveals-the-peoples-choice-award/. Published January 25, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Technology Transfer: Number and Characteristics of Inventions Licensed by Six Federal Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hoover JH. The Arizona water-energy nexus: Electricity for water and wastewater services. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hodara S. The Art of the Nest. New York Times. April 24, 2016:WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)1079-5006
ISSN (online)1758-535X
ScopeAgeing
Geriatrics and Gerontology

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