How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems (TMIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mike May. 2013. Regenerative medicine: Rebuilding the backbone. Nature 503, 7475 (November 2013), S7-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Masao Mori and Masayuki Umemura. 2006. The evolution of galaxies from primeval irregulars to present-day ellipticals. Nature 440, 7084 (March 2006), 644–647.
A journal article with 3 authors
Clayton P. Lapointe, Thomas G. Mason, and Ivan I. Smalyukh. 2009. Shape-controlled colloidal interactions in nematic liquid crystals. Science 326, 5956 (November 2009), 1083–1086.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brian Mitchell, Richard Jacobs, Julie Li, Shu Chien, and Chris Kintner. 2007. A positive feedback mechanism governs the polarity and motion of motile cilia. Nature 447, 7140 (May 2007), 97–101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gregory E. Bottomley. 2011. Channel Equalization for Wireless Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nikos Karacapilidis (Ed.). 2014. Mastering Data-Intensive Collaboration and Decision Making: Research and practical applications in the Dicode project. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Hong-Yan Han. 2012. Minimizing the Total Flow Time for Lot Streaming Flow Shop Using an Effective Discrete Harmony Search Algorithm. In Advanced Intelligent Computing Theories and Applications. With Aspects of Artificial Intelligence: 7th International Conference, ICIC 2011, Zhengzhou, China, August 11-14, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, De-Shuang Huang, Yong Gan, Phalguni Gupta and M. Michael Gromiha (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 32–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems.

Blog post
Stephen Luntz. 2015. Amateur Observations Help Predict Vast Bird Migrations. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. FAA Air Traffic Controller Staffing and Related Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yalda Nasrollahzadeh. 2013. Support group for caregivers of older adults affected by dementia: A grant proposal project. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robert D. McFADDEN. 2017. Gabe Pressman, 93, Dean Of New York News, Dies. New York Times, D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,2].
This sentence cites four references [2,2,2,2].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Management Information Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Manag. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)2158-656X
ISSN (online)2158-6578
ScopeManagement Information Systems
General Computer Science

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