How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems (TMIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paul Smaglik. 2004. Mapping life-science skills. Nature 427, 6973 (January 2004), 469.
A journal article with 2 authors
Robert A. Hayes and B. J. Feenstra. 2003. Video-speed electronic paper based on electrowetting. Nature 425, 6956 (September 2003), 383–385.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ashleigh S. Griffin, Stuart A. West, and Angus Buckling. 2004. Cooperation and competition in pathogenic bacteria. Nature 430, 7003 (August 2004), 1024–1027.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yu D. Fomin, V. N. Ryzhov, E. N. Tsiok, V. V. Brazhkin, and K. Trachenko. 2014. Dynamic transition in supercritical iron. Sci. Rep. 4, (November 2014), 7194.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mario L. Ferrari, Usman M. Damo, Ali Turan, and David Sánchez. 2017. Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Jean-Jacques Soghomonian (Ed.). 2016. The Basal Ganglia: Novel Perspectives on Motor and Cognitive Functions. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Pamela A. Foelsch, Susanne Schlüter-Müller, Anna E. Odom, Helen T. Arena, Andrés H. Borzutzky, and Klaus Schmeck. 2014. Treatment. In Adolescent Identity Treatment: An Integrative Approach for Personality Pathology, Susanne Schlüter-Müller, Anna E. Odom, Helen T. Arena, Andrés Borzutzky H. and Klaus Schmeck (eds.). Springer International Publishing, Cham, 59–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems.

Blog post
Janet Fang. 2015. Could Tooth Regeneration Be Possible In Humans One Day? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Information Technology Management: Census Bureau Has Implemented Many Key Practices, but Additional Actions Are Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barbara A. McCarthy. 2010. Mentoring’s critical components: Four traditional teachers’, four alternate -route teachers’, and four mentors’ perspectives. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ashley Southall and James C. McKINLEY Jr. 2017. ‘I Only Wanted to Scare Them.’ New York Times, MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [5–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Management Information Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Manag. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)2158-656X
ISSN (online)2158-6578
ScopeManagement Information Systems
General Computer Science

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