How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems (TMIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wenxing Zhang. 2014. Voltage-driven spintronic logic gates in graphene nanoribbons. Sci. Rep. 4, (September 2014), 6320.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jeremy J. Burdon and Peter H. Thrall. 2009. Coevolution of plants and their pathogens in natural habitats. Science 324, 5928 (May 2009), 755–756.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. I. Kingon, J. P. Maria, and S. K. Streiffer. 2000. Alternative dielectrics to silicon dioxide for memory and logic devices. Nature 406, 6799 (August 2000), 1032–1038.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Janine T. Erler, Kevin L. Bennewith, Monica Nicolau, Nadja Dornhöfer, Christina Kong, Quynh-Thu Le, Jen-Tsan Ashley Chi, Stefanie S. Jeffrey, and Amato J. Giaccia. 2006. Lysyl oxidase is essential for hypoxia-induced metastasis. Nature 440, 7088 (April 2006), 1222–1226.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saeed V. Vaseghi. 2001. Advanced Digital Signal Processing and Noise Reduction. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Robyn Moloney and Hui Ling Xu (Eds.). 2016. Exploring Innovative Pedagogy in the Teaching and Learning of Chinese as a Foreign Language (1st ed. 2016 ed.). Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhisong Deng. 2016. Public Enforcement of Antitrust Law in China: Perspective of Procedural Fairness. In Competition Law Enforcement in the BRICS and in Developing Countries: Legal and Economic Aspects, Frederic Jenny and Yannis Katsoulacos (eds.). Springer International Publishing, Cham, 135–148.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2015. Solved: The Mystery Of Why It’s Impossible To Pull Apart Interleaved Phone Books. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Information Technology: HUD Needs to Better Define Commitments and Disclose Risks for Modernization Projects in Future Expenditure Plans. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Megan Margaret Siczek. 2014. Negotiating Socioacademic Space: The Lived Experience of International Second-Language Students in a Mainstream First-year Writing Course. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Linda Qiu. 2017. ‘Thousands’ of Jobs? And for Whom? New York Times, A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Management Information Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Manag. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)2158-656X
ISSN (online)2158-6578
ScopeManagement Information Systems
General Computer Science

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