How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems (TMIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bill Cannon. 2013. Sensation and loss. Nature 503, 7475 (November 2013), S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Michael S. Engel and David A. Grimaldi. 2004. New light shed on the oldest insect. Nature 427, 6975 (February 2004), 627–630.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Goldner, N. Herold, and M. Huber. 2014. Antarctic glaciation caused ocean circulation changes at the Eocene-Oligocene transition. Nature 511, 7511 (July 2014), 574–577.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Katherine Floyd, Leopold Blanc, Mario Raviglione, and Jong-Wook Lee. 2002. Resources required for global tuberculosis control. Science 295, 5562 (March 2002), 2040–2041.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joëlle Morana. 2013. Sustainable Supply Chain Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Werner Grass, Bernhard Sick, and Klaus Waldschmidt (Eds.). 2006. Architecture of Computing Systems - ARCS 2006: 19th International Conference, Frankfurt/Main, Germany, March 13-16, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Joshua T. Ellis, Ronald C. Sims, and Charles D. Miller. 2012. Monitoring Microbial Diversity of Bioreactors Using Metagenomic Approaches. In Reprogramming Microbial Metabolic Pathways, Xiaoyuan Wang, Jian Chen and Peter Quinn (eds.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 73–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems.

Blog post
James Felton. 2017. Dear Class Of 2017: Bill Gates Reveals What He Wishes He Knew When He Started Out. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Certain Food Aspects of the School Lunch Program in New York City. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
David Diaz. 2015. A discrete hollow—Los Angeles. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sarah Maslin Nir. 2017. Fire’s Death Toll: ‘5 Amazing People Full of Life,’ the Oldest of Them 20. New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,4,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Management Information Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Manag. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)2158-656X
ISSN (online)2158-6578
ScopeManagement Information Systems
General Computer Science

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