How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems (TMIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
David A. Anderson. 2014. A detour for love. Science 346, 6205 (October 2014), 134.
A journal article with 2 authors
Silvio O. Rizzoli and William J. Betz. 2004. The structural organization of the readily releasable pool of synaptic vesicles. Science 303, 5666 (March 2004), 2037–2039.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stanislav Sokolov, Todd Scheuer, and William A. Catterall. 2007. Gating pore current in an inherited ion channelopathy. Nature 446, 7131 (March 2007), 76–78.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F. Catteruccia, T. Nolan, T. G. Loukeris, C. Blass, C. Savakis, F. C. Kafatos, and A. Crisanti. 2000. Stable germline transformation of the malaria mosquito Anopheles stephensi. Nature 405, 6789 (June 2000), 959–962.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raegan Murphy. 2010. Dynamic Assessment, Intelligence and Measurement. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Peter McIlveen and Donna E. Schultheiss (Eds.). 2012. Social Constructionism in Vocational Psychology and Career Development. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Saulius Geniusas. 2010. On Birth, Death, and Sleep in Husserl’s Late Manuscripts on Time. In On Time - New Contributions to the Husserlian Phenomenology of Time, Dieter Lohmar and Ichiro Yamaguchi (eds.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 71–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. Optical Tweezers: Splitting and Colliding Ultracold Atom Clouds. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. Followup Review of the National Science Foundation’s Conflict of Interest Resolution System for Short-Term Employees. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
James Funderburk. 2010. Modern Variation in Predation Intensity: Constraints on Assessing Predator-Prey Relationships in Paleoecologic Reconstructions. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George Vecsey. 2011. The Know-Nothing Mets? There’s a Pattern Here. New York Times, D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Management Information Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Manag. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)2158-656X
ISSN (online)2158-6578
ScopeManagement Information Systems
General Computer Science

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