How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems (TMIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Macilwain. 2000. Critics blast US missile defence system as flawed. Nature 404, 6780 (April 2000), 799.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stanley Heinze and Uwe Homberg. 2007. Maplike representation of celestial E-vector orientations in the brain of an insect. Science 315, 5814 (February 2007), 995–997.
A journal article with 3 authors
Robert Driscoll, Amanda Hudson, and Stephen P. Jackson. 2007. Yeast Rtt109 promotes genome stability by acetylating histone H3 on lysine 56. Science 315, 5812 (February 2007), 649–652.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. M. Roberts, J. A. Bohnsack, F. Gell, J. P. Hawkins, and R. Goodridge. 2001. Effects of marine reserves on adjacent fisheries. Science 294, 5548 (November 2001), 1920–1923.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ivor Horton. 2012. Ivor Horton’s Beginning Visual C++® 2012. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
J. A. Verschakelen. 2007. Computed Tomography of the Lung: A Pattern Approach. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Christian von Thomsen, Lori Gallup, and Antolin M. Llorente. 2008. Intellectual Abilities: Theoretical and Applied Assessment Considerations. In Principles of Neuropsychological Assessment with Hispanics: Theoretical Foundations and Clinical Practice, Antolin M. Llorente (ed.). Springer, New York, NY, 57–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems.

Blog post
Tom Hale. 2016. The “World’s Saddest Polar Bear” Lives In A Chinese Mall. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Air Traffic Control: FAA’s Acquisition Management Has Improved, but Policies and Oversight Need Strengthening to Help Ensure Results. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chelsea N. Boyle. 2013. Support program for transition age youth: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Michael Paulson. 2017. Give My Regards To E Street. New York Times, AR37.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4–6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Management Information Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Manag. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)2158-656X
ISSN (online)2158-6578
ScopeManagement Information Systems
General Computer Science

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