How to format your references using the International Journal of Production Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Production Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schönenberger, Christian. 2013. “Physics. Two Indistinguishable Electrons Interfere in an Electronic Device.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 339 (6123): 1041–1042.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cruz, A., and B. G. Green. 2000. “Thermal Stimulation of Taste.” Nature 403 (6772): 889–892.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ambrose, Karen V., Albrecht M. Koppenhöfer, and Faith C. Belanger. 2014. “Horizontal Gene Transfer of a Bacterial Insect Toxin Gene into the Epichloë Fungal Symbionts of Grasses.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5562.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gentili, Denis, Margherita Durso, Cristian Bettini, Ilse Manet, Massimo Gazzano, Raffaella Capelli, Michele Muccini, Manuela Melucci, and Massimiliano Cavallini. 2013. “A Time-Temperature Integrator Based on Fluorescent and Polymorphic Compounds.” Scientific Reports 3: 2581.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Killops, Stephen, and Vanessa Killops. 2004. Introduction to Organic Geochemistry. Malden, MA USA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Hartel, Richard W., and Christina P. Klawitter, eds. 2008. Careers in Food Science: From Undergraduate to Professional. 1st ed. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lake, Peter, and Paul Crowther. 2013. “NoSQL Databases.” In Concise Guide to Databases: A Practical Introduction, edited by Paul Crowther, 97–134. Undergraduate Topics in Computer Science. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Production Research.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “What Does The Discovery Of Liquid Salty Water On Mars Mean For The Search For Life?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority: Contracting Practices Do Not Always Comply with Airport Lease Requirements. GAO-02-36. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gornto, Jason S. 2009. “The Impact of Student Leadership in Classroom Management on Student Achievement.” Doctoral dissertation, Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, Linda. 2017. “If ‘Looking for Accuracy,’ C.B.O. Is Fine Place to Start.” New York Times, March 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schönenberger 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Schönenberger 2013; Cruz and Green 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cruz and Green 2000)
  • Three authors: (Ambrose, Koppenhöfer, and Belanger 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gentili et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Production Research
AbbreviationInt. J. Prod. Res.
ISSN (print)0020-7543
ISSN (online)1366-588X
ScopeStrategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles