How to format your references using the International Journal of Production Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Production Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clark, James M. 2006. “Paleontology. A Different Kind of Croc.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 311 (5757): 43–44.
A journal article with 2 authors
Collen, Ben, and Emily Nicholson. 2014. “Conservation. Taking the Measure of Change.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 346 (6206): 166–167.
A journal article with 3 authors
Velikov, V., S. Borick, and C. A. Angell. 2001. “The Glass Transition of Water, Based on Hyperquenching Experiments.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5550): 2335–2338.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Song, Teh-Ru Alex, Donald V. Helmberger, Michael R. Brudzinski, Robert W. Clayton, Paul Davis, Xyoli Pérez-Campos, and Shri K. Singh. 2009. “Subducting Slab Ultra-Slow Velocity Layer Coincident with Silent Earthquakes in Southern Mexico.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324 (5926): 502–506.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Korhonen, Jouni, Teemu Savolainen, and Jonne Soininen. 2013. Deploying IPv6 in 3GPP Networks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Willis, Martin, ed. 2016. Staging Science: Scientific Performance on Street, Stage and Screen. Palgrave Studies in Literature, Science and Medicine. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Rodgers, George M., and Christopher M. Lehman. 2015. “Hemostasis Screening Assays.” In Laboratory Hemostasis: A Practical Guide for Pathologists, edited by Christopher M. Lehman and George M. Rodgers, 69–81. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Production Research.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Modifying Mosquitoes To Stop Transmission Of Dengue Fever.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1985. SEOG Funds: Information on the Distribution of SEOG Funds to Students. PEMD-86-1BR. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gemmer, John. 2012. “Shape Selection in the Non-Euclidean Model of Elasticity.” Doctoral dissertation, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia. 2005. “For Russia’s Nouveaux Riches, Indoor Plumbing Deluxe.” New York Times, September 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clark 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Clark 2006; Collen and Nicholson 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Collen and Nicholson 2014)
  • Three authors: (Velikov, Borick, and Angell 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Song et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Production Research
AbbreviationInt. J. Prod. Res.
ISSN (print)0020-7543
ISSN (online)1366-588X
ScopeStrategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles