How to format your references using the International Journal of Production Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Production Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kleiner, Kurt. 2006. “Assault on Batteries.” Nature 441 (7097): 1046–1047.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coffin, John M., and Jonathan P. Stoye. 2009. “Virology. A New Virus for Old Diseases?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 (5952): 530–531.
A journal article with 3 authors
McDermott, F., D. P. Mattey, and C. Hawkesworth. 2001. “Centennial-Scale Holocene Climate Variability Revealed by a High-Resolution Speleothem Delta 18O Record from SW Ireland.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5545): 1328–1331.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhang, H. Z., C. J. Hackbarth, K. M. Chansky, and H. F. Chambers. 2001. “A Proteolytic Transmembrane Signaling Pathway and Resistance to Beta-Lactams in Staphylococci.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 291 (5510): 1962–1965.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levin, Mark A., and Ted T. Kalal. 2005. Improving Product Reliability. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Chen, Hesheng, ed. 2011. Large Research Infrastructures Development in China: A Roadmap to 2050. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Stackowiak, Robert, Art Licht, Venu Mantha, and Louis Nagode. 2015. “Business Information Mapping for Big Data and Internet of Things.” In Big Data and the Internet of Things: Enterprise Information Architecture for a New Age, edited by Art Licht, Venu Mantha, and Louis Nagode, 79–97. Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Production Research.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “Bigger Wine Glasses Makes People Drink Significantly More.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Survey of Large- and Medium-Hub Airports on Existing and Planned Bus and Rail Connections, an E-Supplement to GAO-05-727. GAO-05-738SP. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yang, Su Jin. 2014. “Adapting Korean Cinderella Folklore as Fairy Tales for Children.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, John. 2017. “Another Williams Takes His Turn.” New York Times, July 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kleiner 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Kleiner 2006; Coffin and Stoye 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Coffin and Stoye 2009)
  • Three authors: (McDermott, Mattey, and Hawkesworth 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Production Research
AbbreviationInt. J. Prod. Res.
ISSN (print)0020-7543
ISSN (online)1366-588X
ScopeStrategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles