How to format your references using the International Journal of Production Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Production Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Telford, Maximilian J. 2013. “Evolution. The Animal Tree of Life.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 339 (6121): 764–766.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pouille, Frédéric, and Massimo Scanziani. 2004. “Routing of Spike Series by Dynamic Circuits in the Hippocampus.” Nature 429 (6993): 717–723.
A journal article with 3 authors
Royle, Nick J., Ian R. Hartley, and Geoff A. Parker. 2002. “Sexual Conflict Reduces Offspring Fitness in Zebra Finches.” Nature 416 (6882): 733–736.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yang, B., Y. T. Zhou, D. Chen, and X. L. Ma. 2013. “Local Decomposition Induced by Dislocation Motions inside Precipitates in an Al-Alloy.” Scientific Reports 3 (January): 1039.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kothari, Vinod. 2008. Credit Derivatives and Structured Credit Trading. 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Lee, Roger, ed. 2011. Computers,Networks, Systems, and Industrial Engineering 2011. Vol. 365. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhou, Yuxun, Jae Yeon Baek, Dan Li, and Costas J. Spanos. 2016. “Optimal Training and Efficient Model Selection for Parameterized Large Margin Learning.” In Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 20th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2016, Auckland, New Zealand, April 19-22, 2016, Proceedings, Part I, edited by James Bailey, Latifur Khan, Takashi Washio, Gill Dobbie, Joshua Zhexue Huang, and Ruili Wang, 52–64. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Production Research.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “9 Awesome Things You Didn’t Know About Bill Nye The Science Guy.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Financial Markets: Information on Computer Data Used for Stock Market Crash Studies. IMTEC-88-57. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Campbell, Ashley B. 2015. “An Analysis of the Demography and Habitat Usage of Roatán’s Spiny-Tailed Iguana, Ctenosaura Oedirhina.” Doctoral dissertation, Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, James. 2017. “E.U. Countries Must Accept Their Share of Migrants, Court Rules.” New York Times, September 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Telford 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Telford 2013; Pouille and Scanziani 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pouille and Scanziani 2004)
  • Three authors: (Royle, Hartley, and Parker 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Yang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Production Research
AbbreviationInt. J. Prod. Res.
ISSN (print)0020-7543
ISSN (online)1366-588X
ScopeStrategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles