How to format your references using the International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Bunk, Sandia scientists develop instruments at the crossroads, Nature. 410 (2001) 128–129.
A journal article with 2 authors
V.G. Bhoj, Z.J. Chen, Ubiquitylation in innate and adaptive immunity, Nature. 458 (2009) 430–437.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Castelnovo, R. Moessner, S.L. Sondhi, Magnetic monopoles in spin ice, Nature. 451 (2008) 42–45.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Gresham, D.M. Ruderfer, S.C. Pratt, J. Schacherer, M.J. Dunham, D. Botstein, L. Kruglyak, Genome-wide detection of polymorphisms at nucleotide resolution with a single DNA microarray, Science. 311 (2006) 1932–1936.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Bell, Incremental Software Architecture, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
K. Drira, ed., Software Architecture: 7th European Conference, ECSA 2013, Montpellier, France, July 1-5, 2013. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Langbort, A Mechanism Design Approach to Dynamic Price-Based Control of Multi-Agent Systems, in: R. Johansson, A. Rantzer (Eds.), Distributed Decision Making and Control, Springer, London, 2012: pp. 113–129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping.

Blog post
J. Davis, Secret Meeting Of Scientists To Discuss Creating Synthetic Human Genome Fuels Speculation, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, NOAA Fleet: Responses to Post-Hearing Questions, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Sefrit, A study of the effectiveness of a school district’s mentoring /professional development plan for beginning teachers, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Poniewozik, Chatter, in Hopes of Preventing Splatter, New York Times. (2017) C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping
AbbreviationInt. J. Pressure Vessels Piping
ISSN (print)0308-0161
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

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