How to format your references using the International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Rose, Darwin 200: Should scientists study race and IQ? NO: Science and society do not benefit, Nature. 457 (2009) 786–788.
A journal article with 2 authors
Y.Q. Gao, R.A. Marcus, Strange and unconventional isotope effects in ozone formation, Science. 293 (2001) 259–263.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.B. Plotkin, J. Dushoff, H.B. Fraser, Detecting selection using a single genome sequence of M. tuberculosis and P. falciparum, Nature. 428 (2004) 942–945.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Yu, S. Sadhukhan, L.G. Noriega, N. Moullan, B. He, R.S. Weiss, H. Lin, K. Schoonjans, J. Auwerx, Metabolic characterization of a Sirt5 deficient mouse model, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2806.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.E. Smith, E. Carraher, P. DeLisle, Leading Collaborative Architectural Practice, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2017.
An edited book
F. Botana, P. Quaresma, eds., Automated Deduction in Geometry: 10th International Workshop, ADG 2014, Coimbra, Portugal, July 9-11, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Hwang, H. Chae, M. Jeon, A Variant of Naor-Pinkas Oblivious Transfer for More Efficient Authentication, in: G.S. Tomar, R.-S. Chang, O. Gervasi, T.-H. Kim, S.K. Bandyopadhyay (Eds.), Advanced Computer Science and Information Technology: Second International Conference, AST 2010, Miyazaki, Japan, June 23-25, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 32–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping.

Blog post
J. Fang, DARPA Wants Brain Implants For Restoring Memories, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Airline Labor Relations: Information on Trends and Impact of Labor Actions, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Ackerina, The call of public service: Motivation and professional commitment in education, Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Shpigel, Return to Health Fuels Cruz, and Giants Fans, New York Times. (2016) SP10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping
AbbreviationInt. J. Pressure Vessels Piping
ISSN (print)0308-0161
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

Other styles