How to format your references using the Advanced Functional Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advanced Functional Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T. Hla, Science 2005, 309, 1682.
A journal article with 2 authors
W. Feng, K. Takemoto, Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5912.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Toda, R. S. Stein, T. Sagiya, Nature 2002, 419, 58.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Sun, X. Xiao, G. Xu, G. Dong, G. Chai, H. Zhang, P. Liu, H. Zhu, Y. Zhan, Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2756.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Dant, Losing Eden, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
A. E. Hassanien, M. F. Tolba, A. Taher Azar, Eds., Advanced Machine Learning Technologies and Applications: Second International Conference, AMLTA 2014, Cairo, Egypt, November 28-30, 2014. Proceedings, Vol. 488, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Z. Huang, Q. Li, H. Ding, In Theory of Parallel Mechanisms (Eds.: Li, Q.; Ding, H.), Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2013, pp. 135–162.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advanced Functional Materials.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, AI Learns Nobel-Winning Experiment In An Hour ... And Then Improves It, IFLScience, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information Technology: Near-Term Effort to Automate Paper-Based Immigration Files Needs Planning Improvements, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. M. Bailey, A Phenomenological Study of How Biblical Spiritual Disciplines Influence Women’s Character and Leadership Practices in Christian Faith-based Institutions in Higher Education in North America. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Leland, Grandmaster Flash Beats Back Time, 2016, p. MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvanced Functional Materials
AbbreviationAdv. Funct. Mater.
ISSN (print)1616-301X
ISSN (online)1616-3028
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Condensed Matter Physics
General Chemical Engineering

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