How to format your references using the Business History citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business History. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bergh, Sidney van den. “Galaxy Morphology: Out of Order.” Nature 445, no. 7125 (January 18, 2007): 265.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heinrich, Andreas, and Sebastian Loth. “Physics. A Logical Use for Atoms.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 332, no. 6033 (May 27, 2011): 1039–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, Hyunjoo, Stacey I. Zones, and Mark E. Davis. “A Combustion-Free Methodology for Synthesizing Zeolites and Zeolite-like Materials.” Nature 425, no. 6956 (September 25, 2003): 385–88.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Donsante, Anthony, Daniel G. Miller, Yi Li, Carole Vogler, Elizabeth M. Brunt, David W. Russell, and Mark S. Sands. “AAV Vector Integration Sites in Mouse Hepatocellular Carcinoma.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317, no. 5837 (July 27, 2007): 477.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stenholm, Stig, and Kalle-Antti Suominen. Quantum Approach to Informatics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
Irving, Helen R., and Christoph Gehring, eds. Plant Signaling Peptides. Vol. 16. Signaling and Communication in Plants. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Yin, Hongpeng, Yi Chai, Simon X. Yang, and David K. Y. Chiu. “An Improved Mean-Shift Tracking Algorithm Based on Adaptive Multiple Feature Fusion.” In Informatics in Control Automation and Robotics: Revised and Selected Papers from the International Conference on Informatics in Control Automation and Robotics 2009, edited by Juan Andrade Cetto, Joaquim Filipe, and Jean-Louis Ferrier, 49–62. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business History.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “With Silicon Pushed To Its Limits, What Will Power The Next Electronics Revolution?” IFLScience. IFLScience, August 27, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Governmentwide Strategy Needed to Better Manage Overlapping Programs.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, April 10, 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson, Paige Marie. “Persistent Genomic Consequences of Prenatal Nicotine Exposure Measured in Adolescent Rat Brain.” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. “Bright, Playful, Swiss.” New York Times, September 23, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness History
AbbreviationBus. Hist.
ISSN (print)0007-6791
ISSN (online)1743-7938
Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
Business and International Management

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