How to format your references using the International Journal of Play Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Play Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davé, R. (2015). Computational astrophysics: Monstrous galaxies unmasked. Nature, 525(7570), 465–466.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eberl, G., & Littman, D. R. (2004). Thymic origin of intestinal alphabeta T cells revealed by fate mapping of RORgammat+ cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5681), 248–251.
A journal article with 3 authors
Watanabe, Y., Farquhar, J., & Ohmoto, H. (2009). Anomalous fractionations of sulfur isotopes during thermochemical sulfate reduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5925), 370–373.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Englund, D., Faraon, A., Fushman, I., Stoltz, N., Petroff, P., & Vucković, J. (2007). Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot. Nature, 450(7171), 857–861.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reed, S. M., & Hrci. (2017). The HRCI Official Body of Knowledge. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dufour, J.-P. (2005). Poisson Structures and Their Normal Forms. (N. T. Zung, H. Bass, J. Oesterlé, & A. Weinstein, Eds.) (Vol. 242). Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Cohen, A., Porath, M., Clarke, A., Bai, H., Leggo, C., & Meyer, K. (2012). The Artistry of Teaching. In A. Cohen, M. Porath, A. Clarke, H. Bai, C. Leggo, & K. Meyer (Eds.), Speaking of Teaching…: Inclinations, Inspirations, and Innerworkings (pp. 37–39). Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Play Therapy.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, June 26). Oldest Human Poop Tells Us What Neanderthals Ate. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Telephone Communications: Issues Affecting Rural Telephone Service (No. RCED-87-74). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson, J. S. (2008). Boys in crisis: A grounded theory study of male high school dropouts in a rural setting (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2011, June 23). Panel Hears Complaints On Pensions At Delphi. New York Times, p. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Davé, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Davé, 2015, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Eberl & Littman, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Watanabe, Farquhar, & Ohmoto, 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Englund et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Play Therapy
AbbreviationInt. J. Play Ther.
ISSN (print)1555-6824
ISSN (online)1939-0629
ScopeClinical Psychology
Complementary and Manual Therapy

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