How to format your references using the International Journal of Play Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Play Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Overpeck, J. T. (2000). Climate change. The hole record. Nature, 403(6771), 714–715.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gaskell, G., & Gottweis, H. (2011). Biobanks need publicity. Nature, 471(7337), 159–160.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Z., Shibahara, K., & Stillman, B. (2000). PCNA connects DNA replication to epigenetic inheritance in yeast. Nature, 408(6809), 221–225.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yokoyama, T., Sakai, H., Noguchi, Y., & Kita, S. (2014). Perception of direct gaze does not require focus of attention. Scientific Reports, 4, 3858.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morgan, A. (2009). Eating the Big Fish. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Barsegian, G. A., & Begehr, H. G. W. (Eds.). (2005). Topics in Analysis and its Applications (Vol. 147). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Mayaux, P., Eva, H., Brink, A., Achard, F., & Belward, A. (2008). Remote Sensing of Land-Cover and Land-Use Dynamics. In E. Chuvieco (Ed.), Earth Observation of Global Change: The Role of Satellite Remote Sensing in Monitoring the Global Environment (pp. 85–108). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Play Therapy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 31). Philae Reveals Newest Details Of Its Comet. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Travel of Government Officials on Government Aircraft (T-NSIAD-96-85). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flynn, M. J. (2013). Lifeguard employability skills [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, July 6). As Players Pull Out, Criticism Floods In. New York Times, B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Overpeck, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gaskell & Gottweis, 2011; Overpeck, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gaskell & Gottweis, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Zhang et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yokoyama et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Play Therapy
AbbreviationInt. J. Play Ther.
ISSN (print)1555-6824
ISSN (online)1939-0629
ScopeClinical Psychology
Complementary and Manual Therapy

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