How to format your references using the Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cole, M. (2011). Poison in party pills is too much to swallow. Nature, 474(7351), 253.
A journal article with 2 authors
Belle, M. D. C., & Piggins, H. D. (2012). Physiology. Circadian time redoxed. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6096), 805–806.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schulte, D. M., Burke, R. P., & Lipcius, R. N. (2009). Unprecedented restoration of a native oyster metapopulation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5944), 1124–1128.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Agrawal, N., Sachdev, B., Rodrigues, J., Sree, K. S., & Bhatnagar, R. K. (2013). Development associated profiling of chitinase and microRNA of Helicoverpa armigera identified chitinase repressive microRNA. Scientific Reports, 3, 2292.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kukushkin, A. (2004). Radio Wave Propagation in the Marine Boundary Layer. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Sako, K. (Ed.). (2016). Topics in Cryptology - CT-RSA 2016: The Cryptographers’ Track at the RSA Conference 2016, San Francisco, CA, USA, February 29 - March 4, 2016, Proceedings (1st ed. 2016, Vol. 9610). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, X., Sun, J., & Sun, M. (2014). A Hybrid Model of Connectors in Cyber-Physical Systems. In S. Merz & J. Pang (Eds.), Formal Methods and Software Engineering: 16th International Conference on Formal Engineering Methods, ICFEM 2014, Luxembourg, Luxembourg, November 3-5, 2014. Proceedings (pp. 59–74). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, October 25). The Brain’s Cannabis Receptors Have Been Imaged For The First Time. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Student Achievement: Schools Use Multiple Strategies to Help Students Meet Academic Standards, Especially Schools with Higher Proportions of Low-Income and Minority Students (No. GAO-10-18). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gimbel, S. I. (2010). Imaging frontal and medial temporal lobe interaction during memory retrieval and disentangling the effects of the default network (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Seelye, K. Q., Blinder, A., & Bidgood, J. (2017, August 19). Counterprotesters Surge Into Boston, Overshadowing a Planned Rally. New York Times, p. A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cole, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Belle & Piggins, 2012; Cole, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Belle & Piggins, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Schulte, Burke, & Lipcius, 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Agrawal, Sachdev, Rodrigues, Sree, & Bhatnagar, 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography
AbbreviationGeogr. Tidsskr.
ISSN (print)0016-7223
ISSN (online)1903-2471
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
Geography, Planning and Development

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