How to format your references using the Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pither, J. (2007). Comment on “Dispersal limitations matter for microbial morphospecies.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5828), 1124; author reply 1124.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wood, B., & Harrison, T. (2011). The evolutionary context of the first hominins. Nature, 470(7334), 347–352.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmidt, W. H., Houang, R., & Cogan, L. S. (2011). Education. Preparing future math teachers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6035), 1266–1267.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Müller, J., Merget, F., Sharif Azadeh, S., Hauck, J., García, S. R., Shen, B., & Witzens, J. (2014). Optical peaking enhancement in high-speed ring modulators. Scientific Reports, 4, 6310.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murray, B. (2015). The Possibility of Culture. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wierzbicki, A. P., & Nakamori, Y. (Eds.). (2007). Creative Environments: Issues of Creativity Support for the Knowledge Civilization Age (Vol. 59). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Agarwal, S., Barik, R., Nandivada, V. K., Shyamasundar, R. K., & Varma, P. (2008). Static Detection of Place Locality and Elimination of Runtime Checks. In G. Ramalingam (Ed.), Programming Languages and Systems: 6th Asian Symposium, APLAS 2008, Bangalore, India, December 9-11, 2008. Proceedings (pp. 53–74). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, January 27). New Method Could Help Us Find Life On Other Worlds. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Transportation Security: Action Needed to Strengthen TSA’s Security Threat Assessment Process (GAO-13-629). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khayyat, A. M. (2015). Use of near field communication technology to prevent consumption and usage of expired products [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2003, February 18). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Tracking Foreigners. New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pither, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Pither, 2007; Wood & Harrison, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wood & Harrison, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Schmidt et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Müller et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography
AbbreviationGeogr. Tidsskr.
ISSN (print)0016-7223
ISSN (online)1903-2471
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
Geography, Planning and Development

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