How to format your references using the Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service, R. F. (2008). Problem solved* (*sort of). Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5890), 784–786.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jenkins, R., & Burton, A. M. (2008). 100% accuracy in automatic face recognition. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5862), 435.
A journal article with 3 authors
MacMicking, J. D., Taylor, G. A., & McKinney, J. D. (2003). Immune control of tuberculosis by IFN-gamma-inducible LRG-47. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5645), 654–659.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Olesen, C., Sørensen, T. L.-M., Nielsen, R. C., Møller, J. V., & Nissen, P. (2004). Dephosphorylation of the calcium pump coupled to counterion occlusion. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5705), 2251–2255.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Black, R. (2016). Pragmatic Software Testing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gelpi, R. J., Boveris, A., & Poderoso, J. J. (Eds.). (2016). Biochemistry of Oxidative Stress: Physiopathology and Clinical Aspects (Vol. 16). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Haim, A., & Portnov, B. A. (2013). Light at Night (LAN) Exposure and its Potential Effects on Daily Rhythms and Seasonal Disruptions. In B. A. Portnov (Ed.), Light Pollution as a New Risk Factor for Human Breast and Prostate Cancers (pp. 35–40). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, April 25). Scientists Have Sequenced The Genome Of Iron-Breathing Microbes. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Office of Telecommunications Policy’s Contract for a Publication on Intercepting Electronic Communications (LCD-78-110). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Estrin, J. L. (2014). Sitting in the Fire: An Exploration of Soul-Making in Prison [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Casselman, B. (2017, October 5). A Lasting Scar of Recession: 1.5 Million Workers Vanish. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Service, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Jenkins & Burton, 2008; Service, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jenkins & Burton, 2008)
  • Three authors: (MacMicking et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Olesen et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography
AbbreviationGeogr. Tidsskr.
ISSN (print)0016-7223
ISSN (online)1903-2471
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
Geography, Planning and Development

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