How to format your references using the Current Treatment Options in Rheumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Treatment Options in Rheumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Brooks TM. Conservation: Mind the gaps. Nature. 2014;516:336–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Jaramillo F, Destouni G. SUSTAINABILITY. Comment on “Planetary boundaries: Guiding human development on a changing planet.” Science. 2015;348:1217.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Zhang K, Zhang Y, Wang S. Enhancing thermoelectric properties of organic composites through hierarchical nanostructures. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3448.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Curran LM, Trigg SN, McDonald AK, Astiani D, Hardiono YM, Siregar P, et al. Lowland forest loss in protected areas of Indonesian Borneo. Science. 2004;303:1000–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lemma A. Introduction to the Practice of Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1. Martin R, editor. Handbook of Hydroxyacetophenones: Preparation and Physical Properties. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Feistauer M, Sváček P, Horáček J. Numerical Simulation of Fluid–Structure Interaction Problems with Applications to Flow in Vocal Folds. In: Bodnár T, Galdi GP, Nečasová Š, editors. Fluid-Structure Interaction and Biomedical Applications. Basel: Springer; 2014. p. 321–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Treatment Options in Rheumatology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Watch These Famous Landmarks Change Over Time Using “Mined” Tourists’ Photos. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: Better Data Needed to Rate the Nation’s Highway Conditions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Sep. Report No.: RCED-99-264.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Choi KK. Conspiracy and alternative crimes in the Military Commissions Act of 2009: Is There a Way Out? [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. de la MERCED MJ. Atlanta Firm Lures Veteran Deal Maker Back to Law. New York Times. 2017 May 1;B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Treatment Options in Rheumatology
AbbreviationCurr. Treatm. Opt. Rheumatol.
ISSN (online)2198-6002
Scope

Other styles