How to format your references using the Current Treatment Options in Rheumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Treatment Options in Rheumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Williams R. Biomarkers: warning signs. Nature. 2011;475:S5-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kilpatrick AM, Ives AR. Species interactions can explain Taylor’s power law for ecological time series. Nature. 2003;422:65–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Spillane SM, Kippenberg TJ, Vahala KJ. Ultralow-threshold Raman laser using a spherical dielectric microcavity. Nature. 2002;415:621–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Sell TS, Belkacemi T, Flockerzi V, Beck A. Protonophore properties of hyperforin are essential for its pharmacological activity. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7500.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Crichton RR, Ward RJ. Metal-based Neurodegeneration. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1. Ni Y-Q, Ye X-W, editors. Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on High-Speed and Intercity Railways: Volume 1. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Deflaux G, Agagliate T, Durand J-E, Yamaogo P. Computerization of Medical Consultation for Children Under Five Years of Age in Rural Areas of Burkina Faso. In: Bolay J-C, Hostettler S, Hazboun E, editors. Technologies for Sustainable Development: A Way to Reduce Poverty? Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 33–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Treatment Options in Rheumatology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Dengue Fever Vaccine Trial Shows Promise. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: The SEMATECH Consortium’s Start-up Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Nov. Report No.: RCED-90-37.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hitchings JD. Teachers’ perceptions of evidence-based decision making: A case study of three schools in British Columbia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Higgins A. In Trial, Romania Warily Revisits a Brutal Past. New York Times. 2013 Sep 30;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Treatment Options in Rheumatology
AbbreviationCurr. Treatm. Opt. Rheumatol.
ISSN (online)2198-6002
Scope

Other styles