How to format your references using the Current Treatment Options in Rheumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Treatment Options in Rheumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Zatz M. Global voices of science. When science is not enough: fighting genetic disease in Brazil. Science. 2005;308:55–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Snir Y, Kamien RD. Entropically driven helix formation. Science. 2005;307:1067.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Velicer GJ, Kroos L, Lenski RE. Developmental cheating in the social bacterium Myxococcus xanthus. Nature. 2000;404:598–601.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Burg TP, Godin M, Knudsen SM, Shen W, Carlson G, Foster JS, et al. Weighing of biomolecules, single cells and single nanoparticles in fluid. Nature. 2007;446:1066–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Charalambides CA. Discrete q-Distributions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
1. Balduccini M, Son TC, editors. Logic Programming, Knowledge Representation, and Nonmonotonic Reasoning: Essays Dedicated to Michael Gelfond on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Krzeszowiec W, Gabryś H. Intracellular Movements: Integration at the Cellular Level as Reflected in the Organization of Organelle Movements. In: Wojtaszek P, editor. Mechanical Integration of Plant Cells and Plants. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 91–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Treatment Options in Rheumatology.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Scorpions Break Off Their Tail (With Anus) to Escape Predators [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/scorpions-break-their-tail-anus-escape-predators/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Department of Energy: Advanced Technology Vehicle Loan Program Implementation Is Under Way, but Enhanced Technical Oversight and Performance Measures Are Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 Feb. Report No.: GAO-11-145.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Karyekar M. Translating observation into narration: The “sentimental” anthropology of Georg Forster (1754-1794) [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Dwyer J. Republicans’ Path Recalls a Democratic Disaster at the Garden, in 1924. New York Times. 2016 Mar 16;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Treatment Options in Rheumatology
AbbreviationCurr. Treatm. Opt. Rheumatol.
ISSN (online)2198-6002
Scope

Other styles