How to format your references using the International Journal of Medical Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Medical Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diamond, J., 2014. Population history: Human melting pots in Southeast Asia. Nature 512, 262–263.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lim, C., Allada, R., 2013. ATAXIN-2 activates PERIOD translation to sustain circadian rhythms in Drosophila. Science 340, 875–879.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pobbati, A.V., Stein, A., Fasshauer, D., 2006. N- to C-terminal SNARE complex assembly promotes rapid membrane fusion. Science 313, 673–676.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cha, J.W., Singh, V.R., Kim, K.H., Subramanian, J., Peng, Q., Yu, H., Nedivi, E., So, P.T.C., 2014. Reassignment of scattered emission photons in multifocal multiphoton microscopy. Sci. Rep. 4, 5153.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sengupta, D.L., Liepa, V.V., 2005. Applied Electromagnetics and Electromagnetic Compatibility. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ikeda, M., Ashley, K.D., Chan, T.-W. (Eds.), 2006. Intelligent Tutoring Systems: 8th International Conference, ITS 2006, Jhongli, Taiwan, June 26-30, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bisták, P., 2015. Time Sub-Optimal Control of Triple Integrator Applied to Real Three-Tank Hydraulic System, in: Moreno-Díaz, R., Pichler, F., Quesada-Arencibia, A. (Eds.), Computer Aided Systems Theory – EUROCAST 2015: 15th International Conference, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain, February 8-13, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 25–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Medical Microbiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. NASA Mission Brings Pluto Into Sharp Focus – but it’s Still Not a Planet [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Community Colleges: New Federal Research Center May Enhance Current Understanding of Developmental Education (No. GAO-13-656). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Berbery, M.L., 2010. Predictors of White adoptive parents’ cultural and racial socialization behaviors with their Asian adopted children (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., 2017. 27 Years After Protest, a Victory Lap for Saudi Women. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Diamond, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Diamond, 2014; Lim and Allada, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lim and Allada, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Cha et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Medical Microbiology
AbbreviationInt. J. Med. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)1438-4221
ScopeMicrobiology
General Medicine
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

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