How to format your references using the International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burrows, J., 2015. Microbiology: Malaria runs rings round artemisinin. Nature 520, 628–630.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, H.-Y., Zhang, Y.-Q., 2014. Processing and characterisation of a novel electropolymerized silk fibroin hydrogel membrane. Sci. Rep. 4, 6182.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, K., Hu, Y., He, J., 2012. Deformation cycles of subduction earthquakes in a viscoelastic Earth. Nature 484, 327–332.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, J.Y., Oh, M.-W., Lee, S., Cho, Y.C., Yoon, J.-H., Lee, G.W., Cho, C.-R., Park, C.H., Jeong, S.-Y., 2014. Abnormal drop in electrical resistivity with impurity doping of single-crystal Ag. Sci. Rep. 4, 5450.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hendrick, J., 2010. Law and Ethics in Children’s Nursing. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Steyn, D.G., Rao, S.T. (Eds.), 2010. Air Pollution Modeling and its Application XX, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Dimitrakakis, C., 2010. Efficient Methods for Near-Optimal Sequential Decision Making under Uncertainty, in: Babuška, R., Groen, F.C.A. (Eds.), Interactive Collaborative Information Systems, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 125–153.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. Scientists Use Snail Genomics To Fight Deadly Parasitic Disease [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Substance Abuse Surveys (No. HEHS-96-179R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klein, J., 2017. Mississippian Space and Place: A Geographical Study of Archaeological Site Data in the American Bottom (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E., 1997. Whose Hat? New York Times 93.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burrows, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Burrows, 2015; Wang and Zhang, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Zhang, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Industrial Ergonomics
AbbreviationInt. J. Ind. Ergon.
ISSN (print)0169-8141
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Human Factors and Ergonomics

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