How to format your references using the International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lee, P.A., 2000. High-temperature superconductors. Some vortices like it hot. Nature 406, 467–468.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pasare, C., Medzhitov, R., 2005. Control of B-cell responses by Toll-like receptors. Nature 438, 364–368.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blin, A., Cissé, I., Bockelmann, U., 2014. Electronic hybridization detection in microarray format and DNA genotyping. Sci. Rep. 4, 4194.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Smith, S.B., Qu, H.-Q., Taleb, N., Kishimoto, N.Y., Scheel, D.W., Lu, Y., Patch, A.-M., Grabs, R., Wang, J., Lynn, F.C., Miyatsuka, T., Mitchell, J., Seerke, R., Désir, J., Vanden Eijnden, S., Abramowicz, M., Kacet, N., Weill, J., Renard, M.-E., Gentile, M., Hansen, I., Dewar, K., Hattersley, A.T., Wang, R., Wilson, M.E., Johnson, J.D., Polychronakos, C., German, M.S., 2010. Rfx6 directs islet formation and insulin production in mice and humans. Nature 463, 775–780.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raz, D., Juhola, A., Serrat-Fernandez, J., Galis, A., 2006. Fast and Efficient Context-Aware Services. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Güllich, A., Krüger, M. (Eds.), 2013. Sport: Das Lehrbuch für das Sportstudium, 1st ed, Bachelor. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kőrösi, A., Székely, B., Máté, M., 2011. Modeling the Content Popularity Evolution in Video-on-Demand Systems, in: Szabó, R., Zhu, H., Imre, S., Chaparadza, R. (Eds.), Access Networks: 5th International ICST Conference on Access Networks, AccessNets 2010 and First ICST International Workshop on Autonomic Networking and Self-Management in Access Networks, SELFMAGICNETS 2010, Budapest, Hungary, November 3-5, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 47–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2015. 15 Celebrities And Politicians Who Secretly Love Science [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. [Comments on Applicability of Vacancies Act to Various Labor and Education Officers] (No. B-220522.2). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cacciola, J.A., 2010. A quantitative study on retaining leadership talent within a naval aviation squadron (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davis, J.H., Rosenberg, M., 2017. Even Defining Victory in Afghanistan Is Hard. New York Times A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lee, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Lee, 2000; Pasare and Medzhitov, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pasare and Medzhitov, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Smith et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Industrial Ergonomics
AbbreviationInt. J. Ind. Ergon.
ISSN (print)0169-8141
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Human Factors and Ergonomics

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