How to format your references using the International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knott, G., 2015. Neurodegeneration: Cold shock protects the brain. Nature 518, 177–178.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sato, T., Clevers, H., 2013. Growing self-organizing mini-guts from a single intestinal stem cell: mechanism and applications. Science 340, 1190–1194.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cochran, W.W., Mouritsen, H., Wikelski, M., 2004. Migrating songbirds recalibrate their magnetic compass daily from twilight cues. Science 304, 405–408.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Feng, X., Gao, X., Pan, D.-B., Li, B.-W., Zhang, H., 2014. Unpinning of rotating spiral waves in cardiac tissues by circularly polarized electric fields. Sci. Rep. 4, 4831.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mcphee, J.E., 2014. Mastering Strategic Risk. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Tanton, R., Edwards, K. (Eds.), 2013. Spatial Microsimulation: A Reference Guide for Users, Understanding Population Trends and Processes. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Bodnar, O., Schmid, W., 2006. CUSUM Control Schemes for Multivariate Time Series, in: Lenz, H.-J., Wilrich, P.-T. (Eds.), Frontiers in Statistical Quality Control 8. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, pp. 55–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2015. DARPA Is Building Jazz-Playing Robots [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Aviation Safety and Security: Challenges to Implementing the Recommendations of the White House Commission on Aviation Safety and Security (No. T-RCED-97-90). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grasis, J.A., 2008. Controlling T lymphocyte activation with a molecular rheostat (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., 2017. Did Kuwait Copy Trump’s Travel Ban? Not Quite. New York Times A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knott, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Knott, 2015; Sato and Clevers, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sato and Clevers, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Feng et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Industrial Ergonomics
AbbreviationInt. J. Ind. Ergon.
ISSN (print)0169-8141
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Human Factors and Ergonomics

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