How to format your references using the International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Raffaelli, D., 2004. Ecology. How extinction patterns affect ecosystems. Science 306, 1141–1142.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gerde, E., Marder, M., 2001. Friction and fracture. Nature 413, 285–288.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dhuime, B., Hawkesworth, C., Cawood, P., 2011. Geochemistry. When continents formed. Science 331, 154–155.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Carlson, C.S., Eberle, M.A., Kruglyak, L., Nickerson, D.A., 2004. Mapping complex disease loci in whole-genome association studies. Nature 429, 446–452.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Furger, C., 2016. Live Cell Assays. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Awange, J.L., 2005. Solving Algebraic Computational Problems in Geodesy and Geoinformatics: The Answer to Modern Challenges. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Tiwari, R., Herstatt, C., 2014. Need for a Rethink, in: Herstatt, C. (Ed.), Aiming Big with Small Cars: Emergence of a Lead Market in India. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 89–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. Two-Thirds Of Cancer Mutations Down To Random Bad Luck, Claims Study [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. FAA Reauthorization: Opportunity Exists to Address Safety, Capacity, and Efficiency Issues (No. T-RCED-93-75). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hunt, S.A., 2012. A study of health care payment organizations’ culture and adaptability to revolutionary change (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Maslin, J., 2017. There’s a New Detective in Town, and She’s Fierce. New York Times C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holmes, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Bruins, 2010; McDonough, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gerde and Marder, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Milner-Gulland et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Industrial Ergonomics
AbbreviationInt. J. Ind. Ergon.
ISSN (print)0169-8141
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Human Factors and Ergonomics

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