How to format your references using the International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Merilä, J., 2009. Evolution. Genetic constraints on adaptation? Science 325, 1212–1213.
A journal article with 2 authors
Butte, N.F., Ellis, K.J., 2003. Comment on “Obesity and the environment: where do we go from here?” Science 301, 598; author reply 598.
A journal article with 3 authors
Morgan, J.L.W., Strumillo, J., Zimmer, J., 2013. Crystallographic snapshot of cellulose synthesis and membrane translocation. Nature 493, 181–186.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mortlock, D.J., Warren, S.J., Venemans, B.P., Patel, M., Hewett, P.C., McMahon, R.G., Simpson, C., Theuns, T., Gonzáles-Solares, E.A., Adamson, A., Dye, S., Hambly, N.C., Hirst, P., Irwin, M.J., Kuiper, E., Lawrence, A., Röttgering, H.J.A., 2011. A luminous quasar at a redshift of z = 7.085. Nature 474, 616–619.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
von Eye, A., Mun, E.-Y., 2012. Log-Linear Modeling. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Vitting Andersen, J., 2013. An Introduction to Socio-Finance. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Wieland, T., Fenne, M., Stöcker, B., 2006. Background Data Acquisition and Carrying: The BlueDACS Project, in: Grass, W., Sick, B., Waldschmidt, K. (Eds.), Architecture of Computing Systems - ARCS 2006: 19th International Conference, Frankfurt/Main, Germany, March 13-16, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 56–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. This NASA Asteroid Mission Is Going To Bring A Huge Chunk Of Space Rock To Earth [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Cost/Benefit Analysis--A Legislative Branch Viewpoint (No. 110842). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vargo, G., 2010. Social protest and the novel: Chartism, the radical press, and early Victorian fiction (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenthal, B.M., 2017. ‘Tough Cop’ Running for Mayor Is Accused of Pushing Limits. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Merilä, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Butte and Ellis, 2003; Merilä, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Butte and Ellis, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Mortlock et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Industrial Ergonomics
AbbreviationInt. J. Ind. Ergon.
ISSN (print)0169-8141
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Human Factors and Ergonomics

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