How to format your references using the International Journal of Urban Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Urban Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2005). A global view. Nature, 435(7044), 997.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wolf, F., & Kirchhoff, F. (2008). Neuroscience. Imaging astrocyte activity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5883), 1597–1599.
A journal article with 3 authors
Palmer, M. J., Fukuyama, F., & Relman, D. A. (2015). SCIENCE GOVERNANCE. A more systematic approach to biological risk. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6267), 1471–1473.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Celli, J. P., Rizvi, I., Blanden, A. R., Massodi, I., Glidden, M. D., Pogue, B. W., & Hasan, T. (2014). An imaging-based platform for high-content, quantitative evaluation of therapeutic response in 3D tumour models. Scientific Reports, 4, 3751.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hecht, J. (2008). Understanding Lasers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Janicak, P. G., Marder, S. R., Tandon, R., & Goldman, M. (Eds.). (2014). Schizophrenia: Recent Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Burachik, R. S., & Kaya, C. Y. (2010). A Deflected Subgradient Method Using a General Augmented Lagrangian Duality with Implications on Penalty Methods. In R. S. Burachik & J.-C. Yao (Eds.), Variational Analysis and Generalized Differentiation in Optimization and Control: In Honor of Boris S. Mordukhovich (pp. 109–132). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Urban Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, August 26). Mutilated Toucan Receives 3D-Printed Beak. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Aviation Safety: FAA Needs to Update Curriculum and Certification Requirements for Aviation Mechanics (GAO-03-317). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alsaadi, A. (2016). Smart smoke and fire detection with wireless and global system for mobile technology [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, June 25). Diplomatic Traveling Supporter Of U.S. Team Sees the Big Picture. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2005; Wolf & Kirchhoff, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wolf & Kirchhoff, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Palmer et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Celli et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Urban Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Urban Sci.
ISSN (print)1226-5934
ISSN (online)2161-6779
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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