How to format your references using the International Journal of Urban Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Urban Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barrett, T. A. (2012). Developmental biology. Intestinal wound healing requires a Wnt balancing act. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6103), 51–52.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cao, X., & Südhof, T. C. (2001). A transcriptionally [correction of transcriptively] active complex of APP with Fe65 and histone acetyltransferase Tip60. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5527), 115–120.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zehn, D., Lee, S. Y., & Bevan, M. J. (2009). Complete but curtailed T-cell response to very low-affinity antigen. Nature, 458(7235), 211–214.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mishra, G., Zhang, W., Deng, F., Zhao, J., & Wang, X. (2006). A bifurcating pathway directs abscisic acid effects on stomatal closure and opening in Arabidopsis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5771), 264–266.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sewell, G. (2005). The Numerical Solution of Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Llerena, P., & Matt, M. (Eds.). (2005). Innovation Policy in a Knowledge-Based Economy: Theory and Practice. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Whitehouse, R. (2012). Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DXA). In S. Payne, I. Eardley, & K. O’Flynn (Eds.), Imaging and Technology in Urology: Principles and Clinical Applications (pp. 19–22). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Urban Sciences.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, July 28). Humpback Whales Protect Other Animals From Killer Whales, But No One Knows Why. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). FCC: Geographic Partitioning and Spectrum Disaggregation for the 220-222 MHz Service (OGC-98-77). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khaleghi, F. K. (2017). Evaluating Satisfaction of Participants within the Outreach and Engagement Program of MECCA [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2016, April 5). With Suit, Hedge Funds Seek to Freeze the Assets of a Top Puerto Rico Bank. New York Times, B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barrett, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Barrett, 2012; Cao & Südhof, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cao & Südhof, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Zehn et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mishra et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Urban Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Urban Sci.
ISSN (print)1226-5934
ISSN (online)2161-6779
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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