How to format your references using the International Journal of Urban Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Urban Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hvidberg, C. S. (2000). When Greenland ice melts. Nature, 404(6778), 551–552.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller, A. I., & Foote, M. (2009). Epicontinental seas versus open-ocean settings: the kinetics of mass extinction and origination. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5956), 1106–1109.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoshida, S., Sukeno, M., & Nabeshima, Y.-I. (2007). A vasculature-associated niche for undifferentiated spermatogonia in the mouse testis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5845), 1722–1726.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Murdock, C. C., Blanford, S., Hughes, G. L., Rasgon, J. L., & Thomas, M. B. (2014). Temperature alters Plasmodium blocking by Wolbachia. Scientific Reports, 4, 3932.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hersent, O. (2010). IP Telephony. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Breitman, K., & Cavalcanti, A. (Eds.). (2009). Formal Methods and Software Engineering: 11th International Conference on Formal Engineering Methods ICFEM 2009, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, December 9-12, 2009. Proceedings (Vol. 5885). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Guerra-Hernández, A., & Ortíz-Hernández, G. (2008). Toward BDI Sapient Agents: Learning Intentionally. In R. V. Mayorga & L. I. Perlovsky (Eds.), Toward Artificial Sapience: Principles and Methods for Wise Systems (pp. 77–91). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Urban Sciences.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, September 15). Caterpillars Disarm Corn With Their Poop. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Information Technology: Streamlining FHA’s Single Family Housing Operations (AIMD-97-4). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ready, C. (2014). Preventing childhood obesity in foster children: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, N. (2017, May 15). Demonstrators Hit the Streets to Fight Moscow’s Mass Renovation Plan. New York Times, A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hvidberg, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hvidberg, 2000; Miller & Foote, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miller & Foote, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Yoshida et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Murdock et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Urban Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Urban Sci.
ISSN (print)1226-5934
ISSN (online)2161-6779
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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