How to format your references using the International Journal of Urban Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Urban Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zeki, S. (2000). Abstraction and idealism. Nature, 404(6778), 547.
A journal article with 2 authors
Robertson, W. H., & Johnson, M. A. (2002). Chemistry. Caught in the act of dissolution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5591), 69.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kernbauer, E., Ding, Y., & Cadwell, K. (2014). An enteric virus can replace the beneficial function of commensal bacteria. Nature, 516(7529), 94–98.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Verma, M., Singh, D. K., Senthilkumaran, P., Joseph, J., & Kandpal, H. C. (2014). Ultrasensitive and fast detection of denaturation of milk by coherent backscattering of light. Scientific Reports, 4, 7257.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stevens, B. A., & Roediger, E. (2016). Breaking Negative Relationship Patterns. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Majumder, A. L., & Biswas, B. B. (Eds.). (2006). Biology of Inositols and Phosphoinositides: Subcellular Biochemistry (Vol. 39). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Endres, D., Fuest, C., & Spengel, C. (2010). Tax Incentives in the Asia-Pacific Region. In D. Endres, C. Fuest, & C. Spengel (Eds.), Company Taxation in the Asia-Pacific Region, India, and Russia (pp. 33–54). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Urban Sciences.

Blog post
Bedell-Pearce, H. (2017, May 25). Meet The Newborn Sengis Who Are More Like Elephants Than Shrews. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). First Look at Senior Executive Service Performance Awards (FPCD-80-74). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nelson, A. F. (2014). Anxiety in the process of individuation. An in-depth psychological study [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M. (2017, June 25). Sale of Albee Collection To Benefit Foundation. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zeki, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Robertson & Johnson, 2002; Zeki, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Robertson & Johnson, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Kernbauer et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Verma et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Urban Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Urban Sci.
ISSN (print)1226-5934
ISSN (online)2161-6779
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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