How to format your references using the International Journal of Urban Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Urban Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service, R. F. (2000). CHEMISTRY NOBEL: Getting a Charge Out of Plastics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5491), 425–427.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, Z., & Herbert, T. D. (2004). High-latitude influence on the eastern equatorial Pacific climate in the early Pleistocene epoch. Nature, 427(6976), 720–723.
A journal article with 3 authors
Behn, M. D., Hirth, G., & Kelemen, P. B. (2007). Trench-parallel anisotropy produced by foundering of arc lower crust. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5834), 108–111.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Changela, A., Chen, K., Xue, Y., Holschen, J., Outten, C. E., O’Halloran, T. V., & Mondragón, A. (2003). Molecular basis of metal-ion selectivity and zeptomolar sensitivity by CueR. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5638), 1383–1387.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Connor, D. (2009). God, Evil, and Design. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Beer, M., Kougioumtzoglou, I. A., Patelli, E., & Au, S.-K. (Eds.). (2015). Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Krauss, W. (2015). Anthropology in the Anthropocene: Sustainable Development, Climate Change and Interdisciplinary Research. In H. Greschke & J. Tischler (Eds.), Grounding Global Climate Change: Contributions from the Social and Cultural Sciences (pp. 59–76). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Urban Sciences.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, August 8). Curious Material Can Form A Completely New Type Of Light. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Space Shuttle: External Tank Procurement Does Not Comply With Competition in Contracting Act (No. NSIAD-89-62). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jakubowski, J. K. (2013). Making character education a reality: An investigation of secondary teachers’ perspectives toward implementation (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001, April 15). Elegies for a Homeless Man By Friends He Left Behind. New York Times, p. 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Service, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Liu & Herbert, 2004; Service, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu & Herbert, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Behn, Hirth, & Kelemen, 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Changela et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Urban Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Urban Sci.
ISSN (print)1226-5934
ISSN (online)2161-6779
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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