How to format your references using the International Journal of Plant Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Plant Sciences (IJPS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russo E 2003 Victims of success. Nature 422:354–355.
A journal article with 2 authors
Derry LA, RW Murray 2004 Geochemistry. Continental margins and the sulfur cycle. Science 303:1981–1982.
A journal article with 3 authors
Haas W, BD Shepard, MS Gilmore 2002 Two-component regulator of Enterococcus faecalis cytolysin responds to quorum-sensing autoinduction. Nature 415:84–87.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rao SG, L Huang, W Setyawan, S Hong 2003 Nanotube electronics: large-scale assembly of carbon nanotubes. Nature 425:36–37.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Siebert G, I Maniatis 2012 Tragende Bauteile aus Glas. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Yu LX, BV Li eds. 2014 FDA Bioequivalence Standards. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ghergu M 2013 Singular Semilinear Elliptic Equations with Subquadratic Gradient Terms. In: Reissig M, Ruzhansky M, editors. Progress in Partial Differential Equations: Asymptotic Profiles, Regularity and Well-Posedness. Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing. p. 75–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Plant Sciences.

Blog post
Hamilton K 2016 Sep 12 Lift-Off For NASA Mission To Collect Grains From An Asteroid That May Be On Collision Course With Earth. IFLScience. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1973 Better Management Needed in Civil Agencies Over Selection of In-House or Contract Performance of Support Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones E 2019 Leadership Practices in K-12 Public Schools for Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Students: A Qualitative Study [Doctoral dissertation]. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Apuzzo M, J Risen 2016 Nov 28 Plan to Revive Waterboarding Faces Obstacles. New York Times:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russo 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Russo 2003; Derry and Murray 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Derry and Murray 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Rao et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Plant Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Plant Sci.
ISSN (print)1058-5893
ISSN (online)1537-5315
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles