How to format your references using the International Journal of Plant Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Plant Sciences (IJPS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoff K 2010 Behavior. Fairness in modern society. Science 327:1467–1468.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson JL, TJ Shuttleworth 2013 How many Orai’s does it take to make a CRAC channel? Sci Rep 3:1961.
A journal article with 3 authors
von Caemmerer S, WP Quick, RT Furbank 2012 The development of C₄rice: current progress and future challenges. Science 336:1671–1672.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Strecker KE, GB Partridge, AG Truscott, RG Hulet 2002 Formation and propagation of matter-wave soliton trains. Nature 417:150–153.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pétrowski A, S Ben-Hamida 2017 Evolutionary Algorithms. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Khan MG ed. 2008 Rapid ECG Interpretation. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Kuhn A, B Schüssler 2008 Urinary Incontinence and Voiding Dysfunction. In: Baessler K, Burgio KL, Norton PA, Schüssler B, Moore KH, Stanton SL, editors. Pelvic Floor Re-education: Principles and Practice. London: Springer. p. 62–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Plant Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E 2014 Oct 3 Mummified Fetus Reveals Ancient Surgery While in Mother’s Womb. IFLScience. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1994 Advance Sheets: Volume 73, Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blandin NM 2008 Re-conceptualizing leadership for an era of complexity and uncertainty: A case study of leadership in a complex adaptive system [Doctoral dissertation]. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Beard M 2017 May 11 Lives in Ruins. New York Times:BR17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoff 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Hoff 2010; Thompson and Shuttleworth 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Shuttleworth 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Strecker et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Plant Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Plant Sci.
ISSN (print)1058-5893
ISSN (online)1537-5315
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles