How to format your references using the International Journal of Plant Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Plant Sciences (IJPS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reedijk J 2005 Chemistry. Dioxygen surprises. Science 308:1876–1877.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kereszt A, E Kondorosi 2011 Plant science. Unlocking the door to invasion. Science 331:865–866.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cho G, Y Wu, JL Ackerman 2003 Detection of hydroxyl ions in bone mineral by solid-state NMR spectroscopy. Science 300:1123–1127.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Guido NJ, X Wang, D Adalsteinsson, D McMillen, J Hasty, CR Cantor, TC Elston, JJ Collins 2006 A bottom-up approach to gene regulation. Nature 439:856–860.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pesavento L, S Smoleny 2015 A Trader’s Guide to Financial Astrology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Anderson B, MJ Gibney, E Paoletti eds. 2013 The Social, Political and Historical Contours of Deportation. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hawley TS 2010 Self-Study Methodology as a Means Toward Ongoing Rationale Development and Refinement. In: Crowe AR, editor. Advancing Social Studies Education through Self-Study Methodology: The Power, Promise, and Use of Self-Study in Social Studies Education. Self Study of Teaching and Teacher Education Practices. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. p. 55–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Plant Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 Jul 22 Scientists Reveal What The Perfect Penis Looks Like. IFLScience. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2004 Unfunded Mandates: Analysis of Reform Act Coverage. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hall KN 2010 Facilitating physically active identity development in older women [Doctoral dissertation]. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch J 2016 Sep 21 The Deflategate Scientists Unlock Their Lab. New York Times:SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reedijk 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Reedijk 2005; Kereszt and Kondorosi 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kereszt and Kondorosi 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Guido et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Plant Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Plant Sci.
ISSN (print)1058-5893
ISSN (online)1537-5315
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles