How to format your references using the International Journal of Plant Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Plant Sciences (IJPS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mercader J 2009 Mozambican grass seed consumption during the Middle Stone Age. Science 326:1680–1683.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dimond A, P Fraser 2013 Molecular biology. Long noncoding RNAs Xist in three dimensions. Science 341:720–721.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee D, M Kim, K-H Cho 2014 A design principle underlying the paradoxical roles of E3 ubiquitin ligases. Sci Rep 4:5573.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Singh S, J Houston, F van Swol, CJ Brinker 2006 Superhydrophobicity: drying transition of confined water. Nature 442:526.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Noyer J-M 2016 Transformation of Collective Intelligences. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Madarász L, J Živčák eds. 2013 Aspects of Computational Intelligence: Theory and Applications: Revised and Selected Papers of the 15th IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Engineering Systems 2011, INES 2011. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Eom J-H, S Kim, S-H Kim, B-T Zhang 2006 A Tree Kernel-Based Method for Protein-Protein Interaction Mining from Biomedical Literature. In: Bremer EG, Hakenberg J, Han E-H (sam), Berrar D, Dubitzky W, editors. Knowledge Discovery in Life Science Literature: PAKDD 2006 International Workshop, KDLL 2006, Singapore, April 9, 2006. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. p. 42–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Plant Sciences.

Blog post
Taub B 2016 Aug 10 Dark Web Drug Sales Have Tripled Since Silk Road Got Busted. IFLScience. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1987 Patent Policy: Recent Changes in Federal Law Considered Beneficial. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mazyck BS 2012 Leadership behavior and teacher attrition: A qualitative phenomenological inquiry of job satisfaction [Doctoral dissertation]. Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly T 1996 Nov 6 High-Tech Fraternity. New York Times:B21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mercader 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Mercader 2009; Dimond and Fraser 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dimond and Fraser 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Singh et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Plant Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Plant Sci.
ISSN (print)1058-5893
ISSN (online)1537-5315
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles