How to format your references using the BioResources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BioResources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marx, V. (2014). “Proteomics: An atlas of expression,” Nature, 509(7502), 645–649.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brown, E., and Jaeger, H. M. (2011). “Materials science. Through thick and thin,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6047), 1230–1231.
A journal article with 3 authors
Palter, J. B., Lozier, M. S., and Barber, R. T. (2005). “The effect of advection on the nutrient reservoir in the North Atlantic subtropical gyre,” Nature, 437(7059), 687–692.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Elsworth, D., Mattioli, G., Taron, J., Voight, B., and Herd, R. (2008). “Implications of magma transfer between multiple reservoirs on eruption cycling,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5899), 246–248.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pan, Y., Wang, J., and Li, M. (2013). Algorithmic and Artificial Intelligence Methods for Protein Bioinformatics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Piecuch, P., Maruani, J., Delgado-Barrio, G., and Wilson, S. (Eds.). (2009). Advances in the Theory of Atomic and Molecular Systems: Conceptual and Computational Advances in Quantum Chemistry, Progress in Theoretical Chemistry and Physics, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Bergers, L. I. J. C., Hoefnagels, J. P. M., Dekkers, E. C. A., and Geers, M. G. D. (2011). “A nano-tensile tester for creep studies,” in: MEMS and Nanotechnology, Volume 4: Proceedings of the 2011 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series, T. Proulx, ed., Springer, New York, NY, 25–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BioResources.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017). “Check Out This Trippy Video Of The ‘Glory Hole’ Spillway In Lake Berryessa,” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Guaranteed Student Loans: Profits of Secondary Market Lenders Vary Widely, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robert, N. A. (2017). “Cortile: World Building & the Traveler Archetype,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K., and Davis, J. H. (2017). “Lawsuit Challenges the Secrecy of White House Advisers on Infrastructure,” New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marx 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Brown and Jaeger 2011; Marx 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brown and Jaeger 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Elsworth et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioResources
ISSN (print)1930-2126
Environmental Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal

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