How to format your references using the BioResources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BioResources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Venter, J. C. (2011). “Genome-sequencing anniversary. The human genome at 10: successes and challenges,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6017), 546–547.
A journal article with 2 authors
True, H. L., and Lindquist, S. L. (2000). “A yeast prion provides a mechanism for genetic variation and phenotypic diversity,” Nature, 407(6803), 477–483.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sherman, D. H., Tsukamoto, S., and Williams, R. M. (2015). “ORGANIC SYNTHESIS. Comment on ‘Asymmetric syntheses of sceptrin and massadine and evidence for biosynthetic enantiodivergence,’” Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6244), 149.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chamberlain, N. L., Hill, R. I., Kapan, D. D., Gilbert, L. E., and Kronforst, M. R. (2009). “Polymorphic butterfly reveals the missing link in ecological speciation,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5954), 847–850.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hetherington, S. (2011). How to Know, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Parenti-Castelli, V., and Schiehlen, W. (Eds.). (2016). ROMANSY 21 - Robot Design, Dynamics and Control: Proceedings of the 21st CISM-IFToMM Symposium, June 20-23, Udine, Italy, CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Courses and Lectures, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kitahara, T. (2010). “Mid-level Representations of Musical Audio Signals for Music Information Retrieval,” in: Advances in Music Information Retrieval, Studies in Computational Intelligence, Z. W. Raś and A. A. Wieczorkowska, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 65–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BioResources.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017). “‘Middle Child Syndrome’ Isn’t What You Think — Here’s What It Really Means,” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Major NIH Computer System: Poor Management Resulted in Unmet Scientists’ Needs and Wasted Millions, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gambini, F. (2011). “Leadership capacity for succession and sustainability in a family-owned private school,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir, S. M., and Ferré-Sadurní, L. (2017). “Cats Found In Building, Halting Demolition,” New York Times, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Venter 2011).
This sentence cites two references (True and Lindquist 2000; Venter 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (True and Lindquist 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Chamberlain et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioResources
ISSN (print)1930-2126
Environmental Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles