How to format your references using the BioResources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BioResources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stuessy, T. (2010). “Botany. The rise of sunflowers,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5999), 1605–1606.
A journal article with 2 authors
Muijres, F. T., and Dickinson, M. H. (2014). “Bird flight: Fly with a little flap from your friends,” Nature, 505(7483), 295–296.
A journal article with 3 authors
Atran, S., Axelrod, R., and Davis, R. (2007). “Social science. Sacred barriers to conflict resolution,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5841), 1039–1040.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Freitas-Junior, L. H., Bottius, E., Pirrit, L. A., Deitsch, K. W., Scheidig, C., Guinet, F., Nehrbass, U., Wellems, T. E., and Scherf, A. (2000). “Frequent ectopic recombination of virulence factor genes in telomeric chromosome clusters of P. falciparum,” Nature, 407(6807), 1018–1022.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moreau, N. (2013). Tools for Signal Compression, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Mariani, G., Giuliano, A. E., and Strauss, H. W. (Eds.). (2008). Radioguided Surgery: A Comprehensive Team Approach, Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Arking, R. (2009). “The Genetic Architecture of Longevity,” in: Life-Span Extension: Single-Cell Organisms to Man, C. Sell, A. Lorenzini, and H. M. Brown-Borg, eds., Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 59–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BioResources.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016). “A Global Dust Storm Might Cover Mars In A Matter Of Weeks,” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985). SSA’s Acceptance Testing of a Mass Storage System for Computerized Data Was Adequate, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sahib, S. S. (2010). “Numerical solutions of Maxwell’s equations in 1D, 2D, and 3D via the finite element method,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017). “New App Will Offer Liner Notes for the Digital Era,” New York Times, B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stuessy 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Muijres and Dickinson 2014; Stuessy 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Muijres and Dickinson 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Freitas-Junior et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioResources
ISSN (print)1930-2126
Environmental Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles