How to format your references using the BioResources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BioResources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baulcombe, D. (2013). “Plant science. Small RNA--the secret of noble rot,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6154), 45–46.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fischbach, M. A., and Walsh, C. T. (2009). “Antibiotics for emerging pathogens,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5944), 1089–1093.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marsh, A. G., Maxson, R. E., Jr, and Manahan, D. T. (2001). “High macromolecular synthesis with low metabolic cost in Antarctic sea urchin embryos,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5510), 1950–1952.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yan, L., Loukoianov, A., Blechl, A., Tranquilli, G., Ramakrishna, W., SanMiguel, P., Bennetzen, J. L., Echenique, V., and Dubcovsky, J. (2004). “The wheat VRN2 gene is a flowering repressor down-regulated by vernalization,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5664), 1640–1644.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Soustelle, M. (2011). An Introduction to Chemical Kinetics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Parenti Castelli, V., and Schiehlen, W. (Eds.). (2010). ROMANSY 18 Robot Design, Dynamics and Control: Proceedings of The Eighteenth CISM-IFToMM Symposium, CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Dai, Y. (2013). “Outlook for Energy Supply and Demand in China,” in: Green Low-Carbon Development in China, J. Xue, Z. Zhao, Y. Dai, and B. Wang, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 81–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BioResources.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017). “Scientists Hope To Bring Giant Galapagos Tortoise Back From Extinction,” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Technology Development: Future Use of NASA’s Large Format Camera Is Uncertain, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Birtler, E. R. (2014). “Group therapy and knowledge of neuroplastic principles: The impact of health literacy on client locus of control in a therapy setting,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017). “Encouraging Signs for the Ailing Mets,” New York Times, SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baulcombe 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Baulcombe 2013; Fischbach and Walsh 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fischbach and Walsh 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Yan et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioResources
ISSN (print)1930-2126
Environmental Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal

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