How to format your references using the BioResources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BioResources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Neutze, R. (2015). “STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY. Snapshots of a protein quake,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6259), 381.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vakil, A., and Engheta, N. (2011). “Transformation optics using graphene,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6035), 1291–1294.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mukhopadhyay, S., Farley, K. A., and Montanari, A. (2001). “A short duration of the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary event: evidence from extraterrestrial helium-3,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5510), 1952–1955.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yin, J., Han, X., Cao, Y., and Lu, C. (2014). “Surface wrinkling on polydimethylsiloxane microspheres via wet surface chemical oxidation,” Scientific reports, 4, 5710.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCallum, H. (2008). Population Parameters: Estimation for Ecological Models, Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Frishman, D., and Valencia, A. (Eds.). (2008). Modern Genome Annotation: The BioSapiens Network, Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Sz.-Nagy, B., Bercovici, H., Foias, C., and Kérchy, L. (2010). “Operator-Valued Analytic Functions,” in: Harmonic Analysis of Operators on Hilbert Space, C. Foias, H. Bercovici, and L. Kérchy, eds., Springer, New York, NY, 189–241.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BioResources.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). “Scientists Discover Brain Network That Distinguishes Novelty From Familiarity,” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). World Wide Web Sites: Reported by 42 Federal Organizations (Supplement to Internet and Electronic Dial-Up Bulletin Board System Activities: Information Reported by Federal Organizations), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kranz, T. E. (2017). “Body, Land, and Memory: Counter-Narratives in the Poetry of Minnie Bruce Pratt, Brenda Marie Osbey, and Natasha Trethewey,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2006). “13 Hospitals to Remove Trans Fats From Meals,” New York Times, 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Neutze 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Neutze 2015; Vakil and Engheta 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vakil and Engheta 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Yin et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioResources
ISSN (print)1930-2126
Environmental Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles