How to format your references using the BioResources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BioResources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gilmour, J. (2002). “Geochemistry. The solar system’s first clocks,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5587), 1658–1659.
A journal article with 2 authors
Calka, A., and Wexler, D. (2002). “Mechanical milling assisted by electrical discharge,” Nature, 419(6903), 147–151.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sharp, P. M., Rayner, J. C., and Hahn, B. H. (2013). “Evolution. Great apes and zoonoses,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6130), 284–286.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nicastro, F., Kaastra, J., Krongold, Y., Borgani, S., Branchini, E., Cen, R., Dadina, M., Danforth, C. W., Elvis, M., Fiore, F., Gupta, A., Mathur, S., Mayya, D., Paerels, F., Piro, L., Rosa-Gonzalez, D., Schaye, J., Shull, J. M., Torres-Zafra, J., Wijers, N., and Zappacosta, L. (2018). “Observations of the missing baryons in the warm-hot intergalactic medium,” Nature, 558(7710), 406–409.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lewis, S. (2016). Positive Psychology and Change, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Romanovsky, A., and Vardanega, T. (Eds.). (2011). Reliable Software Technologies - Ada-Europe 2011: 16th Ada-Europe International Conference on Reliable Software Technologies, Edinburgh, UK, June 20-24, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Germain, L., Laflamme, K., and Auger, F. A. (2005). “Tissue-Engineered Blood Vessels and the Future of Tissue Substitutes,” in: Applications of Cell Immobilisation Biotechnology, Focus on Biotechnology, V. Nedović and R. Willaert, eds., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 85–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BioResources.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017). “Organic Molecules Found On Giant Asteroid Ceres – Why That’s Such A Huge Deal,” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Special Education: Improved Performance Measures Could Enhance Oversight of Dispute Resolution, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolfe, C. J. (2012). “Dimensions of Purchasing Social Responsibility in Sustainable Supply Chain Organizations,” Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2005). “JUSTICES WEIGH MILITARY’S ACCESS TO LAW SCHOOLS,” New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gilmour 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Calka and Wexler 2002; Gilmour 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Calka and Wexler 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Nicastro et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioResources
ISSN (print)1930-2126
Environmental Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles