How to format your references using the BioResources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BioResources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gee, H. (2015). “Origin and evolution of vertebrates,” Nature, 520(7548), 449.
A journal article with 2 authors
Klenerman, P., and McMichael, A. (2007). “AIDS/HIV. Finding footprints among the trees,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5818), 1505–1507.
A journal article with 3 authors
Quattrociocchi, W., Caldarelli, G., and Scala, A. (2014). “Opinion dynamics on interacting networks: media competition and social influence,” Scientific reports, 4, 4938.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jin, R., Cao, Y. C., Hao, E., Métraux, G. S., Schatz, G. C., and Mirkin, C. A. (2003). “Controlling anisotropic nanoparticle growth through plasmon excitation,” Nature, 425(6957), 487–490.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crichton, R. R., and Ward, R. J. (2006). Metal-based Neurodegeneration, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Nesteruk, I. (Ed.). (2012). Supercavitation: Advances and Perspectives A collection dedicated to the 70th jubilee of Yu.N. Savchenko, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Mohamad, A. A. (2009). “Meso and Macro-Scales Fluid Flow Simulations with Lattice Boltzmann Method,” in: Fluid Machinery and Fluid Mechanics: 4th International Symposium (4th ISFMFE), J. Xu, Y. Wu, Y. Zhang, and J. Zhang, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 27–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BioResources.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). “Crows Intelligence Rivals Human Children,” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Highway Projects: Extent of Unobligated Balances for Demonstration Projects, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robertson, O. (2014). “Gender and Crew Resource Management: A Phenomenological Qualitative Study,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Valen, K. (2007). “My Sorority Pledge? I Swore Off Sisterhood,” New York Times, 96.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gee 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gee 2015, [CSL STYLE ERROR: reference with no printed form.]).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Klenerman and McMichael 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Jin et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioResources
ISSN (print)1930-2126
Environmental Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal

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