How to format your references using the BioResources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BioResources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Prieto, G. A. (2012). “Geophysics. Imaging the deep Earth,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6110), 1037–1038.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnson, K. A., and Ashcroft, N. W. (2000). “Structure and bandgap closure in dense hydrogen,” Nature, 403(6770), 632–635.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hoch, J. C., Maciejewski, M. W., and Gryk, M. R. (2008). “Comment on ‘magnetic resonance spectroscopy identifies neural progenitor cells in the live human brain,’” Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5889), 640.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Amanullah, A., Azam, N., Balliet, A., Hollander, C., Hoffman, B., Fornace, A., and Liebermann, D. (2003). “Cell signalling: cell survival and a Gadd45-factor deficiency,” Nature, 424(6950), 741; discussion 742.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Huang, F., Klette, R., and Scheibe, K. (2008). Panoramic Imaging, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Geffert, V., Preneel, B., Rovan, B., Štuller, J., and Tjoa, A. M. (Eds.). (2014). SOFSEM 2014: Theory and Practice of Computer Science: 40th International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science, Nový Smokovec, Slovakia, January 26-29, 2014, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
İlsever, M., and Ünsalan, C. (2012). “Structure-Based Change Detection Methods,” in: Two-Dimensional Change Detection Methods: Remote Sensing Applications, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science, C. Ünsalan, ed., Springer, London, 41–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BioResources.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017). “LEGO To Launch ‘Women In NASA’ Collection,” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Federal Chief Information Officer: Leadership Needed to Confront Serious Challenges and Emerging Issues, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beal, M. E. (2013). “Predictive qualities of social characteristics and social integration on altruistic outcomes,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2016). “Emmys Welcome Surprises Along With the Favorites,” New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Prieto 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Johnson and Ashcroft 2000; Prieto 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johnson and Ashcroft 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Amanullah et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioResources
ISSN (print)1930-2126
Environmental Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal

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