How to format your references using the BioResources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BioResources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rabitz, H. (2006). “Chemistry. Strong-arming molecular dynamics,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5797), 264–265.
A journal article with 2 authors
Perepichka, D. F., and Rosei, F. (2009). “Chemistry. Extending polymer conjugation into the second dimension,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5911), 216–217.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, S., Hashimoto, N., and Ohnuki, S. (2013). “Hydrogen-induced change in core structures of {110}[111] edge and {110}[111] screw dislocations in iron,” Scientific reports, 3, 2760.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Siveter, D. J., Sutton, M. D., Briggs, D. E. G., and Siveter, D. J. (2003). “An ostracode crustacean with soft parts from the Lower Silurian,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5651), 1749–1751.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Geren, R. L. (2016). Applying the Building Code, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Øksendal, B. (2005). Applied Stochastic Control of Jump Diffusions, Universitext, (A. Sulem, ed.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Carter, M., and Matthews, D. (2012). “Configuration Management and Version Control in Earth System Modelling,” in: Earth System Modelling - Volume 5: Tools for Configuring, Building and Running Models, SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences, G. Riley, R. Budich, and R. Redler, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 31–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BioResources.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). “Maternal Instinct And Biology: Evolution Ensures We Want Sex, Not Babies,” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Space Shuttle: Readiness of the Transoceanic Abort Landing Sites, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Libman, M. (2012). “A policy analysis of the Penal Code Section 186.20-186.33: California Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Montague, J. (2017). “A Rare Desert Bloom,” New York Times, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rabitz 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Perepichka and Rosei 2009; Rabitz 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Perepichka and Rosei 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Siveter et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioResources
ISSN (print)1930-2126
Environmental Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal

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