How to format your references using the International Journal of Philosophy and Theology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Philosophy and Theology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, David. “Political Climate.” Nature 450, no. 7168 (November 15, 2007): 333.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tao, Franklin Feng, and Miquel Salmeron. “In Situ Studies of Chemistry and Structure of Materials in Reactive Environments.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 331, no. 6014 (January 14, 2011): 171–74.
A journal article with 3 authors
De Marco García, Natalia V., Theofanis Karayannis, and Gord Fishell. “Neuronal Activity Is Required for the Development of Specific Cortical Interneuron Subtypes.” Nature 472, no. 7343 (April 21, 2011): 351–55.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
McElroy, K., Jinho Lee, J. A. Slezak, D-H Lee, H. Eisaki, S. Uchida, and J. C. Davis. “Atomic-Scale Sources and Mechanism of Nanoscale Electronic Disorder in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309, no. 5737 (August 12, 2005): 1048–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grant, Gary. The Water Sensitive City. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016.
An edited book
Portelli, Jeanelle, and Ilse Smolders, eds. Central Functions of the Ghrelin Receptor. Vol. 25. The Receptors. New York, NY: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Fiadeiro, José Luiz, and Antónia Lopes. “A Formal Approach to Event-Based Architectures.” In Fundamental Approaches to Software Engineering: 9th International Conference, FASE 2006, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2006, Vienna, Austria, March 27-28, 2006. Proceedings, edited by Luciano Baresi and Reiko Heckel, 18–32. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Philosophy and Theology.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. “T-Rex May Have Had Lips Covering Up Its Teeth.” IFLScience. IFLScience, May 23, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “U.S.-Japan Cooperative Development: Progress on FS-X Program Enhances Japanese Aerospace Capabilities.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, August 11, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khayyat, Ahmed M. “Use of near Field Communication Technology to Prevent Consumption and Usage of Expired Products.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Higgins, Andrew. “Putin Butts In to Claim There Were No Secrets, And Says He’ll Prove It.” New York Times, May 17, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Philosophy and Theology
AbbreviationInt. J. Philos. Theol.
ISSN (print)2169-2327
ISSN (online)2169-2335
Religious studies

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