How to format your references using the International Journal of Philosophy and Theology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Philosophy and Theology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holland, Peter. “Developmental Biology. The Ups and Downs of a Sea Anemone.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304, no. 5675 (May 28, 2004): 1255–56.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kriaucionis, Skirmantas, and Nathaniel Heintz. “The Nuclear DNA Base 5-Hydroxymethylcytosine Is Present in Purkinje Neurons and the Brain.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324, no. 5929 (May 15, 2009): 929–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
Friedland, Julie C., Mark H. Lee, and David Boettiger. “Mechanically Activated Integrin Switch Controls Alpha5beta1 Function.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323, no. 5914 (January 30, 2009): 642–44.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhu, Ping, Jun Liu, Julian Bess Jr, Elena Chertova, Jeffrey D. Lifson, Henry Grisé, Gilad A. Ofek, Kenneth A. Taylor, and Kenneth H. Roux. “Distribution and Three-Dimensional Structure of AIDS Virus Envelope Spikes.” Nature 441, no. 7095 (June 15, 2006): 847–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sarker, Dipak K. Pharmaceutical Emulsions. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
Verster, Joris C., S. R. Pandi-Perumal, Johannes G. Ramaekers, and Johan J. de Gier, eds. Drugs, Driving and Traffic Safety. Basel: Birkhäuser, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Rager, O., M. Becker, and A. J. Beer. “Head and Neck Cancers.” In Atlas of PET/MR Imaging in Oncology, edited by Osman Ratib, Markus Schwaiger, and Thomas Beyer, 43–60. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Philosophy and Theology.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Polarised Light and the Super Sense You Didn’t Know You Had.” IFLScience. IFLScience, July 1, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Progress of the DD(X) Destroyer Program.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, June 14, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dawood, Amira A. “Relationship between Mental Health and Treatment Seeking in an Urban Muslim Community.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic, Bill, and Mary M. Chapman. “New Math for Detroit.” New York Times, November 25, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Philosophy and Theology
AbbreviationInt. J. Philos. Theol.
ISSN (print)2169-2327
ISSN (online)2169-2335
Religious studies

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