How to format your references using the International Journal of Philosophy and Theology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Philosophy and Theology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knill, E. “Quantum Computing with Realistically Noisy Devices.” Nature 434, no. 7029 (March 3, 2005): 39–44.
A journal article with 2 authors
Greenberger, Marcia D., and Rachel Vogelstein. “Public Health. Pharmacist Refusals: A Threat to Women’s Health.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 308, no. 5728 (June 10, 2005): 1557–58.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hill, E. W., M. A. Jobling, and D. G. Bradley. “Y-Chromosome Variation and Irish Origins.” Nature 404, no. 6776 (March 23, 2000): 351–52.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hu, Ye, Chen-Yang Yu, Ji-Lin Wang, Jian Guan, Hao-Yan Chen, and Jing-Yuan Fang. “MicroRNA Sequence Polymorphisms and the Risk of Different Types of Cancer.” Scientific Reports 4 (January 13, 2014): 3648.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ward, Steve. TraderMind. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
Thalmann, Daniel. Crowd Simulation. Edited by Soraia Raupp Musse. London: Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Ao, Xiang, Xiaowei Cui, and Gang Liu. “Implementation of GNSS Attitude Determination Receiver.” In China Satellite Navigation Conference (CSNC) 2014 Proceedings: Volume I, edited by Jiadong Sun, Wenhai Jiao, Haitao Wu, and Mingquan Lu, 29–39. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Philosophy and Theology.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. “New Family Of Extinct Marsupials Discovered In Australia.” IFLScience. IFLScience, June 1, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Space Station: Actions Under Way to Manage Cost, but Significant Challenges Remain.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, July 17, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chandwasker, Tanmay. “Comparison of Ad-Hoc on Demand Distance Vector and Enhanced-Ad-Hoc on Demand Distance Vector on Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Blecher, George. “Berra’s Values Shape Museum’s Mission.” New York Times, May 31, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Philosophy and Theology
AbbreviationInt. J. Philos. Theol.
ISSN (print)2169-2327
ISSN (online)2169-2335
Religious studies

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