How to format your references using the International Journal of Philosophy and Theology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Philosophy and Theology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meyer-Lindenberg, Andreas. “From Maps to Mechanisms through Neuroimaging of Schizophrenia.” Nature 468, no. 7321 (November 11, 2010): 194–202.
A journal article with 2 authors
Davies, Ian W., and Christopher J. Welch. “Looking Forward in Pharmaceutical Process Chemistry.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 325, no. 5941 (August 7, 2009): 701–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burkett, Virginia, C. G. Groat, and Denise Reed. “Hurricanes Not the Key to a Sustainable Coast.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315, no. 5817 (March 9, 2007): 1366–68.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Li, Jie, Xing Xiao, Xuewen Xu, Jing Lin, Yang Huang, Yanming Xue, Peng Jin, Jin Zou, and Chengchun Tang. “Activated Boron Nitride as an Effective Adsorbent for Metal Ions and Organic Pollutants.” Scientific Reports 3 (November 13, 2013): 3208.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hickey, Raymond. A Dictionary of Varieties of English. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 2013.
An edited book
Schlichter, Tomás, and Leopoldo Montes, eds. Forests in Development: A Vital Balance. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Kilian, Thomas, Gianfranco Walsh, and Holger Buxel. “Measurement of Attitude Toward Private Labels: A Replication and Extension.” In European Retail Research, edited by Bernhard Swoboda, Dirk Morschett, Thomas Rudolph, Peter Schnedlitz, and Hanna Schramm-Klein, 69–85. European Retail Research. Wiesbaden: Gabler Verlag, 2009.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Philosophy and Theology.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Solar Cells Just A Few Atoms Thick Could Be Possible With New Material.” IFLScience. IFLScience, August 5, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Consolidation Loan Borrower Interest Rates.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, February 25, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buquiran, Eleuterio Salvador. “Factors Affecting Members’ Retention in Toastmasters International.” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson, Ken. “N.F.L. Looks For Daylight Through Anthem Flap.” New York Times, September 29, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Philosophy and Theology
AbbreviationInt. J. Philos. Theol.
ISSN (print)2169-2327
ISSN (online)2169-2335
Religious studies

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