How to format your references using the International Journal of Philosophy and Theology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Philosophy and Theology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meselson, Matthew. “Retrospective. Paul Mead Doty (1920-2011).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 335, no. 6065 (January 13, 2012): 181.
A journal article with 2 authors
Göhlich, Ursula B., and Luis M. Chiappe. “A New Carnivorous Dinosaur from the Late Jurassic Solnhofen Archipelago.” Nature 440, no. 7082 (March 16, 2006): 329–32.
A journal article with 3 authors
Senghas, Ann, Sotaro Kita, and Asli Ozyürek. “Children Creating Core Properties of Language: Evidence from an Emerging Sign Language in Nicaragua.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 305, no. 5691 (September 17, 2004): 1779–82.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Brown, C. E., L. Howe, K. Sousa, S. C. Alley, M. J. Carrozza, S. Tan, and J. L. Workman. “Recruitment of HAT Complexes by Direct Activator Interactions with the ATM-Related Tra1 Subunit.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292, no. 5525 (June 22, 2001): 2333–37.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beaumont, W. R. C. Electricity in Fish Research and Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016.
An edited book
Abramowicz, Witold, and Robert Tolksdorf, eds. Business Information Systems: 13th International Conference, BIS 2010, Berlin, Germany, May 3-5, 2010. Proceedings. Vol. 47. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Mulkidjanian, Armen Y. “Abiotic Photosynthesis.” In Encyclopedia of Astrobiology, edited by Muriel Gargaud, Ricardo Amils, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Henderson James (jim) Cleaves, William M. Irvine, Daniele L. Pinti, and Michel Viso, 1–3. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Philosophy and Theology.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. “How Well Did Back To The Future Predict Our Lives In 2015?” IFLScience. IFLScience, October 21, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Polar Satellites: NOAA Faces Challenges and Uncertainties That Could Affect the Availability of Critical Weather Data.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, July 7, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCorkle, Warren Benson. “Tongue, Nib, Block, Bit: Rhetorical Delivery and Technologies of Writing.” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, John. “Hulu Hires AMC Veteran as First Chief Content Officer.” New York Times, May 10, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Philosophy and Theology
AbbreviationInt. J. Philos. Theol.
ISSN (print)2169-2327
ISSN (online)2169-2335
Religious studies

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