How to format your references using the International Journal of Philosophy and Theology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Philosophy and Theology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Varki, Ajit. “Glycan-Based Interactions Involving Vertebrate Sialic-Acid-Recognizing Proteins.” Nature 446, no. 7139 (April 26, 2007): 1023–29.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tang, Shanwu, and Daven C. Presgraves. “Evolution of the Drosophila Nuclear Pore Complex Results in Multiple Hybrid Incompatibilities.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323, no. 5915 (February 6, 2009): 779–82.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ragazzoni, R., E. Marchetti, and G. Valente. “Adaptive-Optics Corrections Available for the Whole Sky.” Nature 403, no. 6765 (January 6, 2000): 54–56.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Crawford, Jason M., Paul M. Thomas, Jonathan R. Scheerer, Anna L. Vagstad, Neil L. Kelleher, and Craig A. Townsend. “Deconstruction of Iterative Multidomain Polyketide Synthase Function.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 320, no. 5873 (April 11, 2008): 243–46.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sox, Harold C., Michael C. Higgins, and Douglas K. Owens. Medical Decision Making. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
Hoefer, Martin, ed. Algorithmic Game Theory: 8th International Symposium, SAGT 2015, Saarbrücken, Germany, September 28-30, 2015. Proceedings. Vol. 9347. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Kane, Lawrence P., and Greg M. Delgoffe. “Reversing T Cell Dysfunction for Tumor Immunotherapy.” In Novel Immunotherapeutic Approaches to the Treatment of Cancer: Drug Development and Clinical Application, edited by Paul D. Rennert, 109–28. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Philosophy and Theology.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Five Chemistry Inventions That Enabled The Modern World.” IFLScience. IFLScience, June 1, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Food Assistance: Child Care Centers Sponsored by Schools Participating in the National School Lunch Program.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, March 3, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Francom, Claudia. “Análisis Sociolingüístico de Eleccion de Lengua En Encuentros de Servicio: Una Perspectiva Etnográfica y Experimental.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, Sophia. “Romance Does Not Stop Even After the Race Begins.” New York Times, November 4, 2000.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Philosophy and Theology
AbbreviationInt. J. Philos. Theol.
ISSN (print)2169-2327
ISSN (online)2169-2335
Religious studies

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