How to format your references using the Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simmons, R. (2001). “Sense and sensibility.” Nature, 411(6835), 243.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ullman, K. S., and Powers, M. A. (2015). “STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY. Locking down the core of the pore.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6256), 33–34.
A journal article with 3 authors
Basch, M. L., Bronner-Fraser, M., and García-Castro, M. I. (2006). “Specification of the neural crest occurs during gastrulation and requires Pax7.” Nature, 441(7090), 218–222.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hierro, A., Sun, J., Rusnak, A. S., Kim, J., Prag, G., Emr, S. D., and Hurley, J. H. (2004). “Structure of the ESCRT-II endosomal trafficking complex.” Nature, 431(7005), 221–225.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hopp, V. (2000). Grundlagen der Life Sciences. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Funari, P., Zarankin, A., and Salerno, M. (Eds.). (2010). Memories from Darkness: Archaeology of Repression and Resistance in Latin America. Contributions To Global Historical Archaeology, Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Canuto, C., and Tabacco, A. (2015). “Limits and continuity II.” Mathematical Analysis I, UNITEXT, A. Tabacco, ed., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 89–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). “Vegetarians Cause Environmental Damage, But Meat Eaters Aren’t Off The Hook.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Federally Funded R&D Centers: Use of Contract Fee by The Aerospace Corporation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dolan, D. J. (2017). “Structural Evolution of Martin Crater Thaumasia Planum, Mars.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Haberman, M., Shear, M. D., and Thrush, G. (2017). “Bannon, Key Voice of Populist Right, Exits White House.” New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Simmons 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Simmons 2001; Ullman and Powers 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ullman and Powers 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Hierro et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development
ISSN (online)2095-6215

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