How to format your references using the Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2007). “Georgia on the mind.” Nature, 445(7129), 790–791.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Keefe, F. R., and Chiappe, L. M. (2011). “Viviparity and K-selected life history in a Mesozoic marine plesiosaur (Reptilia, Sauropterygia).” Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6044), 870–873.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sharma, B. R., Manjanath, A., and Singh, A. K. (2014). “Pentahexoctite: a new two-dimensional allotrope of carbon.” Scientific reports, 4, 7164.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sell, T. S., Belkacemi, T., Flockerzi, V., and Beck, A. (2014). “Protonophore properties of hyperforin are essential for its pharmacological activity.” Scientific reports, 4, 7500.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grimes, R. A. (2017). Hacking the Hacker. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana.
An edited book
Tatnall, A., and Leslie, C. (Eds.). (2016). International Communities of Invention and Innovation: IFIP WG 9.7 International Conference on the History of Computing, HC 2016, Brooklyn, NY, USA, May 25-29, 2016, Revised Selected Papers. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Brejová, B., Gafurov, A., Pardubská, D., Sabo, M., and Vinař, T. (2016). “Isometric Gene Tree Reconciliation Revisited.” Algorithms in Bioinformatics: 16th International Workshop, WABI 2016, Aarhus, Denmark, August 22-24, 2016. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, M. Frith and C. N. Storm Pedersen, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 40–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). “How Do Bats Find The Right Carnivorous Plants For Safe Roosting?” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Guaranteed Student Loans: Legislative and Regulatory Changes Needed To Reduce Default Costs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCorvey, Z. J. (2013). “Addressing disruptive behaviors in an After School Program classroom: The effects of the Daily Behavior Report Card.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis, G. (2013). “Bringing Fresh Interpretations to Vintage Verdi and Handel.” New York Times, 0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russell 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Lellouch 2006; Roelfsema 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Keefe and Chiappe 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Zeng et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development
ISSN (online)2095-6215

Other styles