How to format your references using the Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kasevich, M. A. 2002. “Coherence with atoms.” Science, 298 (5597): 1363–1368.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shuler, M. G., and M. F. Bear. 2006. “Reward timing in the primary visual cortex.” Science, 311 (5767): 1606–1609.
A journal article with 3 authors
Asbury, C. L., A. N. Fehr, and S. M. Block. 2003. “Kinesin moves by an asymmetric hand-over-hand mechanism.” Science, 302 (5653): 2130–2134.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Inoue, M., L. Chang, J. Hwang, S.-H. Chiang, and A. R. Saltiel. 2003. “The exocyst complex is required for targeting of Glut4 to the plasma membrane by insulin.” Nature, 422 (6932): 629–633.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Singh, J. 2017. Functional Software Size Measurement Methodology with Effort Estimation and Performance Indication. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Marchetti-Spaccamela, A., and M. Segal (Eds.). 2011. Theory and Practice of Algorithms in (Computer) Systems: First International ICST Conference, TAPAS 2011, Rome, Italy, April 18-20, 2011. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dewey, D. 2016. “Crucial Phenomena.” How Should Humanity Steer the Future?, The Frontiers Collection, A. Aguirre, B. Foster, and Z. Merali, eds., 27–36. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2015. “Galapagos Birds are Adding Flowers to their Diet.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1975. Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Development and the Ability of the Department of the Interior To Administer Such a Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Charles, J.-G. 2017. “African American Ninth-Grade Students’ Engagement and Learning in Mathematics: A Case Study of Parent-Teacher Collaboration.” Doctoral dissertation. Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Antilla, S. 2016. “Decades After Suit, Wall St. Bias Persists for Women.” New York Times, May 23, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kasevich 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Kasevich 2002; Shuler and Bear 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shuler and Bear 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Inoue et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development
ISSN (online)2095-6215

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