How to format your references using the International Journal of Pharmaceutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pharmaceutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, J., 2007. Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. Water, water, not everywhere? Introduction to special issue. Science 317, 1705.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hartmann, D.L., Hendon, H.H., 2007. Atmospheric science. Resolving an atmospheric enigma. Science 318, 1731–1732.
A journal article with 3 authors
Elias, L.A.B., Wang, D.D., Kriegstein, A.R., 2007. Gap junction adhesion is necessary for radial migration in the neocortex. Nature 448, 901–907.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kelly, B.C., Ikonomou, M.G., Blair, J.D., Morin, A.E., Gobas, F.A.P.C., 2007. Food web-specific biomagnification of persistent organic pollutants. Science 317, 236–239.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ryan, T.P., 2007. Modern Engineering Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Brinkman, D.B., Holroyd, P.A., Gardner, J.D. (Eds.), 2013. Morphology and Evolution of Turtles, Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Costabello, L., 2014. Error-Tolerant RDF Subgraph Matching for Adaptive Presentation of Linked Data on Mobile, in: Presutti, V., d’Amato, C., Gandon, F., d’Aquin, M., Staab, S., Tordai, A. (Eds.), The Semantic Web: Trends and Challenges: 11th International Conference, ESWC 2014, Anissaras, Crete, Greece, May 25-29, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 36–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pharmaceutics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. 1995 VHS Footage Captures Shocking Orca Incident At SeaWorld [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Survey To Identify Models Used by Executive Agencies in the Policymaking Process (No. PAD-82-46). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramos, C.M., 2017. Is this working? A study on measuring the effectiveness of efforts to diversify the theatre management field (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M.M., 2017. Writing Partner ‘Flabbergasted’ By Accusations Against Halperin. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2007; Hartmann and Hendon, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hartmann and Hendon, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Kelly et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
AbbreviationInt. J. Pharm.
ISSN (print)0378-5173
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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