How to format your references using the International Journal of Pharmaceutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pharmaceutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schindler, D., 2010. Tar sands need solid science. Nature 468, 499–501.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sachdev, S., Zhang, S.-C., 2002. Superconductivity. Tuning order in cuprate superconductors. Science 295, 452–454.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ando, R., Mizuno, H., Miyawaki, A., 2004. Regulated fast nucleocytoplasmic shuttling observed by reversible protein highlighting. Science 306, 1370–1373.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sargolini, F., Fyhn, M., Hafting, T., McNaughton, B.L., Witter, M.P., Moser, M.-B., Moser, E.I., 2006. Conjunctive representation of position, direction, and velocity in entorhinal cortex. Science 312, 758–762.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hill, R., Solt, G., 2010. Engineering Money. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Meyer, B., Joseph, M. (Eds.), 2007. Software Engineering Approaches for Offshore and Outsourced Development: First International Conference, SEAFOOD 2007, Zurich, Switzerland, February 5-6, 2007. Revised Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Balcar, E., Lovesey, S.W., 2009. Orthogonality Relations for 3jm-Symbols, in: Lovesey, S.W. (Ed.), Introduction to the Graphical Theory of Angular Momentum: Case Studies, Springer Tracts in Modern Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pharmaceutics.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Watch This Video On How And Why CRISPR Gene Editing Will Change The World [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/watch-this-video-on-how-and-why-crispr-gene-editing-will-change-the-world/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Business Systems Modernization: Strategy for Evolving DOD’s Business Enterprise Architecture Offers a Conceptual Approach, but Execution Details Are Needed (No. GAO-07-451). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robinson-Scott, D., 2010. Policy analysis of the Chafee Foster Care Independence Act of 1999 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2005. Student Debt Collectible by Social Security. New York Times A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schindler, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Sachdev and Zhang, 2002; Schindler, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sachdev and Zhang, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Sargolini et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
AbbreviationInt. J. Pharm.
ISSN (print)0378-5173
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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