How to format your references using the International Journal of Pharmaceutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pharmaceutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coleman, P., 2007. Frontier at your fingertips. Nature 446, 379.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, X., Huang, B., 2014. Computational study of in-plane phonon transport in Si thin films. Sci. Rep. 4, 6399.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaganovich, D., Kopito, R., Frydman, J., 2008. Misfolded proteins partition between two distinct quality control compartments. Nature 454, 1088–1095.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, J., Lee, K., Jang, Y.-S., Jang, H., Han, S., Lee, S.-H., Kang, K.-I., Lim, C.-W., Kim, Y.-J., Kim, S.-W., 2014. Testing of a femtosecond pulse laser in outer space. Sci. Rep. 4, 5134.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wing, C., 2012. How Your House Works. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hehenberger, P., Bradley, D. (Eds.), 2016. Mechatronic Futures: Challenges and Solutions for Mechatronic Systems and their Designers. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
DeStefano, S., 2009. Wildlife Corridors and Developed Landscapes, in: Esparza, A.X., McPherson, G. (Eds.), The Planner’s Guide to Natural Resource Conservation: The Science of Land Development Beyond the Metropolitan Fringe. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 85–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pharmaceutics.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Tiny Vampires In Ancient Seas Sucked The Insides Out Of Their Prey [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Environmental Satellites: Improvements Needed in NOAA’s Mitigation Strategies as It Prepares for Potential Satellite Coverage Gaps (No. GAO-15-386T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Diorio, C.A., 2010. The silent scream of Medusa: Restoring, or re-storying, her voice (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2009. In Armstrong, An Example For Woods. New York Times B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coleman, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Coleman, 2007; Wang and Huang, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Huang, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
AbbreviationInt. J. Pharm.
ISSN (print)0378-5173
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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