How to format your references using the International Journal of Pharmaceutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pharmaceutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kiefer, T., 2010. Ocean science. When still waters ran deep. Science 329, 290–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wood, B.J., Halliday, A.N., 2005. Cooling of the Earth and core formation after the giant impact. Nature 437, 1345–1348.
A journal article with 3 authors
James, S., Simmons, C.P., James, A.A., 2011. Ecology. Mosquito trials. Science 334, 771–772.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xiao, H., Jiang, N., Schaffner, E., Stockinger, E.J., van der Knaap, E., 2008. A retrotransposon-mediated gene duplication underlies morphological variation of tomato fruit. Science 319, 1527–1530.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bertolini, L., Elsener, B., Pedeferri, P., Polder, R.B., 2003. Corrosion of Steel in Concrete. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Londral, A.R., Encarnação, P. (Eds.), 2016. Advances in Neurotechnology, Electronics and Informatics: Revised Selected Papers from the 2nd International Congress on Neurotechnology, Electronics and Informatics (NEUROTECHNIX 2014), October 25-26, Rome, Italy, Biosystems & Biorobotics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Coventry, B.J., Stavrou, P., 2014. Foot Surgery, in: Coventry, B.J. (Ed.), Peripheral, Head and Neck Surgery. Springer, London, pp. 49–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pharmaceutics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Scientists Develop Bionic Pancreas For Type 1 Diabetics [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Natural Gas: Factors Affecting Approval Times for Construction of Natural Gas Pipelines (No. RCED-92-100). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sommer, A., 2017. How Experiences Influence and Inform School Principals’ Actions to Further Develop Teachers’ Instructional Practice (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2006. QUICK BITE/Newark; The Best of Brazil. New York Times 14NJ19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kiefer, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Kiefer, 2010; Wood and Halliday, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wood and Halliday, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Xiao et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
AbbreviationInt. J. Pharm.
ISSN (print)0378-5173
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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