How to format your references using the International Journal of Pharmaceutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pharmaceutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mouillet, D., 2004. Astronomy. Nearby planetary disks. Science 303, 1982–1983.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cywes, C., Wessels, M.R., 2001. Group A Streptococcus tissue invasion by CD44-mediated cell signalling. Nature 414, 648–652.
A journal article with 3 authors
Javaux, E.J., Knoll, A.H., Walter, M.R., 2001. Morphological and ecological complexity in early eukaryotic ecosystems. Nature 412, 66–69.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Renard, V.T., Duchemin, I., Niida, Y., Fujiwara, A., Hirayama, Y., Takashina, K., 2013. Metallic behaviour in SOI quantum wells with strong intervalley scattering. Sci. Rep. 3, 2011.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li, R.C.-H., 2008. RF Circuit Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Günther, O.P., 2008. RFID in Manufacturing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Choi, B.I., Lee, J.M., 2013. Preoperative Imaging, in: Lau, W.Y. (Ed.), Hilar Cholangiocarcinoma. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pharmaceutics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. How Floating Turbines Could Harness The Awesome Power Of The Tides [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. DOD Education Benefits: Increased Oversight of Tuition Assistance Program Is Needed (No. GAO-11-300). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bartaula, B., 2017. Stand Level Growth and Survival Equations for Cutover Sites Loblolly Pine Plantations in the Mid-Gulf Region of Southern United States (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S., 2014. Personal Ways of Untangling the Political. New York Times WE10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mouillet, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Cywes and Wessels, 2001; Mouillet, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cywes and Wessels, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Renard et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
AbbreviationInt. J. Pharm.
ISSN (print)0378-5173
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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