How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Byrne N. Future outlook. Nature. 2004 Jun 3;429(6991 Suppl):25.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Buckley YM, Han Y. Ecology. Managing the side effects of invasion control. Science. 2014 May 30;344(6187):975–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Purdy TP, Peterson RW, Regal CA. Observation of radiation pressure shot noise on a macroscopic object. Science. 2013 Feb 15;339(6121):801–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Lee HC, Kim SJ, Kim KS, Shin HC, Yoon JW. Remission in models of type 1 diabetes by gene therapy using a single-chain insulin analogue. Nature. 2000 Nov 23;408(6811):483–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Mazze RS, Strock ES, Simonson GD, Bergenstal RM. Staged Diabetes Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1.
Dimick JB, Greenberg CC, editors. Success in Academic Surgery: Health Services Research. London: Springer; 2014. XV, 292 p. 41 illus., 23 illus. in color. (Success in Academic Surgery).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Schnabl G. The Evolution of Environmental Agreements at the Level of the European Union. In: Croci E, editor. The Handbook of Environmental Voluntary Agreements: Design, Implementation and Evaluation Issues. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. p. 93–106. (Environment & Policy).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Cancer.

Blog post
1.
Evans K. Whale That Had To Be Euthanized Found With 30 Plastic Bags In Its Stomach [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/whale-that-had-to-be-euthanized-found-with-30-plastic-bags-in-its-stomach/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Questions Designed To Aid Managers and Auditors in Assessing the ADP Planning Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Sep. Report No.: 119637.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Nevin MJ. Addressing the Learning Outcomes and Assessment Methods Associated with Participation in Student Government Associations: A Qualitative Study of California Community Colleges [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Cooper M. Met Opera Loses Lead In a High-Stakes ‘Tosca.’ New York Times. 2017 Jun 16;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Cancer
AbbreviationIndian J. Cancer
ISSN (print)0019-509X
ISSN (online)1998-4774
ScopeOncology

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