How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hirsch JE. Superconductivity. The true colors of cuprates. Science. 2002 Mar 22;295(5563):2226–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mappes J, Lindström L. Ecology. How did the cuckoo get its polymorphic plumage? Science. 2012 Aug 3;337(6094):532–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaan HYK, Hackney DD, Kozielski F. The structure of the kinesin-1 motor-tail complex reveals the mechanism of autoinhibition. Science. 2011 Aug 12;333(6044):883–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hong J, Park MK, Lee EJ, Lee D, Hwang DS, Ryu S. Origin of new broad Raman D and G peaks in annealed graphene. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2700.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grinshpan L. Solving Enterprise Applications Performance Puzzles. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Rubin P, Constine LS, Marks LB, editors. ALERT • Adverse Late Effects of Cancer Treatment: Volume 2: Normal Tissue Specific Sites and Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. XX, 700 p. 196 illus. (Medical Radiology).
A chapter in an edited book
Genz A, Bretz F. Further Topics. In: Bretz F, editor. Computation of Multivariate Normal and t Probabilities. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 55–69. (Lecture Notes in Statistics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Cancer.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists at Work as Philae Lands: From Rosetta Mission Control. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Agency Roles and Responsibilities for Emergency Communications Need Clarification. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980 Aug. Report No.: LCD-80-91.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nagarajah BA. The influence of professional training and personal factors on technostress: A correlational study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Photographs by GEORGE ETHEREDGE for THE NEW YORK TIMES. Early Spring Flowers. New York Times. 2017 Mar 31;RE10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Cancer
AbbreviationIndian J. Cancer
ISSN (print)0019-509X
ISSN (online)1998-4774

Other styles