How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morgenstern M. Physics. STM ready for the time domain. Science. 2010 Sep 24;329(5999):1609–10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moore JS, Kraft ML. Chemistry. Synchronized self-assembly. Science. 2008 May 2;320(5876):620–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Solomon BR, Hyder MN, Varanasi KK. Separating oil-water nanoemulsions using flux-enhanced hierarchical membranes. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul 1;4:5504.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ni M, Zhang W-Z, Qiu J-R, Liu F, Li M, Zhang Y-J, et al. Association of ERCC1 and ERCC2 polymorphisms with colorectal cancer risk in a Chinese population. Sci Rep. 2014 Feb 17;4:4112.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DiBattista M. Novel Characters. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Tsubaki H, Yamada S, Nishina K, editors. The Grammar of Technology Development. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2008. XII, 221 p. 64 illus.
A chapter in an edited book
Izmailov AF, Solodov MV. Variational Problems: Globalization of Convergence. In: Solodov MV, editor. Newton-Type Methods for Optimization and Variational Problems. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 305–66. (Springer Series in Operations Research and Financial Engineering).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Cancer.

Blog post
Andrews R. Deep Ancient Water Is Stopping The Antarctic Ocean From Warming [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Significant Risks Remain to Department of Education’s Student Financial Aid Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Sep. Report No.: T-AIMD-98-302.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Surges G. Generative Audio Systems: Musical Applications of Time-Varying Feedback Networks and Computational Aesthetics [Doctoral dissertation]. [La Jolla, CA]: University of California San Diego; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Judges of a Graceful Sport, Caught in a Clumsy Cheating Scandal. New York Times. 2013 Jul 17;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Cancer
AbbreviationIndian J. Cancer
ISSN (print)0019-509X
ISSN (online)1998-4774

Other styles