How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Magistretti PJ. Neuroscience. Low-cost travel in neurons. Science. 2009 Sep 11;325(5946):1349–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Akbalik G, Schuman EM. Molecular biology. mRNA, live and unmasked. Science. 2014 Jan 24;343(6169):375–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Taniguchi H, Lu J, Huang ZJ. The spatial and temporal origin of chandelier cells in mouse neocortex. Science. 2013 Jan 4;339(6115):70–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Townsend D, Lahankar SA, Lee SK, Chambreau SD, Suits AG, Zhang X, et al. The roaming atom: straying from the reaction path in formaldehyde decomposition. Science. 2004 Nov 12;306(5699):1158–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silvapulle MJ, Sen PK. Constrained Statistical Inference: Inequality, Order, and Shape Restrictions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2001. (Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics).
An edited book
Luca I. Shallow Geophysical Mass Flows down Arbitrary Topography: Model Equations in Topography-fitted Coordinates, Numerical Simulation and Back-calculations of Disastrous Events. 1st ed. 2016. Tai YC, Kuo CY, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XIV, 282 p. 60 illus., 4 illus. in color. (Advances in Geophysical and Environmental Mechanics and Mathematics).
A chapter in an edited book
De Lucia G. Galaxy Evolution in the Era of Digital Surveys: A Theoretical Overview. In: Napolitano NR, Longo G, Marconi M, Paolillo M, Iodice E, editors. The Universe of Digital Sky Surveys: A Meeting to Honour the 70th Birthday of Massimo Capaccioli. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 33–40. (Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Cancer.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Astronomers Create Largest Map Of The Universe Yet [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA: Actions Needed to Improve Transparency and Assess Long-Term Affordability of Human Exploration Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 May. Report No.: GAO-14-385.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De los Santos E. Increasing the psychological well-being of undocumented Latino youth students in California: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Challenging Coffee in Manhattan, and Taking a Lump or 2. New York Times. 2001 Aug 5;145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Cancer
AbbreviationIndian J. Cancer
ISSN (print)0019-509X
ISSN (online)1998-4774

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