How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bollinger JJ. Metrology: filtering noise with a quantum probe. Nature. 2011 May 5;473(7345):39–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zou Z, Buck LB. Combinatorial effects of odorant mixes in olfactory cortex. Science. 2006 Mar 10;311(5766):1477–81.
A journal article with 3 authors
Victor DG, House JC, Joy S. Climate. A Madisonian approach to climate policy. Science. 2005 Sep 16;309(5742):1820–1.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Park AW, Daly JM, Lewis NS, Smith DJ, Wood JLN, Grenfell BT. Quantifying the impact of immune escape on transmission dynamics of influenza. Science. 2009 Oct 30;326(5953):726–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Homer S, Leibowitz ML. Inside the Yield Book. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Maji P. Scalable Pattern Recognition Algorithms: Applications in Computational Biology and Bioinformatics. Paul S, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. XXII, 304 p. 55 illus., 10 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Prusky D, Alkan N, Miyara I, Barad S, Davidzon M, Kobiler I, et al. Mechanisms Modulating Postharvest Pathogen Colonization of Decaying Fruits. In: Prusky D, Gullino ML, editors. Postharvest Pathology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010. p. 43–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Cancer.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Health Check: What Controls Our Sex Drive? When And Why Do We Feel Like Sex? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Transportation Safety Board: Management and Operational Improvements Found, but Strategy Needed to Utilize Cost Accounting System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Jul. Report No.: GAO-13-611.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson P. A Case Study of the Efficacy of Middle College on Educational Advancement [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir SM, Rosenberg E. ­Recreation and Commerce Collide on City’s Crowded Waterways. New York Times. 2016 Sep 1;A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Cancer
AbbreviationIndian J. Cancer
ISSN (print)0019-509X
ISSN (online)1998-4774

Other styles