How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Anderson JB. Climate change. Ice sheet stability and sea-level rise. Science. 2007 Mar 30;315(5820):1803–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Li Y, Zhang Z. Potential microRNA-mediated oncogenic intercellular communication revealed by pan-cancer analysis. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 18;4:7097.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Elsässer SJ, Allis CD, Lewis PW. Cancer. New epigenetic drivers of cancers. Science. 2011 Mar 4;331(6021):1145–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Scanlon TM, Caylor KK, Levin SA, Rodriguez-Iturbe I. Positive feedbacks promote power-law clustering of Kalahari vegetation. Nature. 2007 Sep 13;449(7159):209–12.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kromidas S. Der HPLC-Experte. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Dupré S, editor. Laboratories of Art: Alchemy and Art Technology from Antiquity to the 18th Century. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. XXIII, 200 p. 47 illus., 34 illus. in color. (Archimedes, New Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology; vol. 37).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Newsholme P, Keane K, Gaudel C, McClenaghan N. (Dys)Regulation of Insulin Secretion by Macronutrients. In: Islam MS, editor. Islets of Langerhans. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015. p. 129–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Cancer.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. The Science of Bacon [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/science-bacon/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. DOT Headquarters: Unclear Whether Union Station Site Is Best Location. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Sep. Report No.: GGD-92-126.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Li S. Semiconductor and metal oxide nanoparticles: Synthesis, physical properties and industrial application [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly M. The First Couple: A Union of Mind and Ambition. New York Times. 1993 Jan 20;A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Cancer
AbbreviationIndian J. Cancer
ISSN (print)0019-509X
ISSN (online)1998-4774
ScopeOncology

Other styles