How to format your references using the International Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buiter S (2014) Geodynamics: How plumes help to break plates. Nature 513:36–37
A journal article with 2 authors
Norskov JK, Christensen CH (2006) Chemistry. Toward efficient hydrogen production at surfaces. Science 312:1322–1323
A journal article with 3 authors
Reynolds JN, Hyland BI, Wickens JR (2001) A cellular mechanism of reward-related learning. Nature 413:67–70
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Jones JA, Karlen SD, Fitzsimons J, et al (2009) Magnetic field sensing beyond the standard quantum limit using 10-spin NOON states. Science 324:1166–1168

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scharf T (2006) Polarized Light in Liquid Crystals and Polymers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Ferre M, Buss M, Aracil R, et al (eds) (2007) Advances in Telerobotics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Dacewicz A, Nowak K, Szelag E (2016) Temporal Information Processing and Language Skills in Children with Specific Language Impairment. In: Esposito A, Faundez-Zanuy M, Esposito AM, et al. (eds) Recent Advances in Nonlinear Speech Processing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 45–52

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Evidence Suggests Missing Students In Mexico Were Not Incinerated By A Drug Cartel. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Child Support Enforcement: Certification Process for State Information Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Domec BS (2017) Development, Characterization, and Resultant Properties of a Carbon, Boron, and Chromium Ternary Diffusion System. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2008) SAILING. New York Times LI8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buiter 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Norskov and Christensen 2006; Buiter 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Norskov and Christensen 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Jones et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics
AbbreviationInt. J. Pept. Res. Ther.
ISSN (print)1573-3149
ISSN (online)1573-3904
Molecular Medicine
Analytical Chemistry
Drug Discovery

Other styles