How to format your references using the International Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tishkoff S (2015) GENETICS. Strength in small numbers. Science 349:1282–1283
A journal article with 2 authors
Blume-Jensen P, Hunter T (2001) Oncogenic kinase signalling. Nature 411:355–365
A journal article with 3 authors
Houlié N, Dreger D, Kim A (2014) GPS source solution of the 2004 Parkfield earthquake. Sci Rep 4:3646
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Harrington J, Luszcz S, Seager S, et al (2007) The hottest planet. Nature 447:691–693

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Källén A (2011) Understanding Biostatistics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Bacardit J, Bernadó-Mansilla E, Butz MV, et al (eds) (2008) Learning Classifier Systems: 10th International Workshop, IWLCS 2006, Seattle, MA, USA, July 8, 2006 and 11th International Workshop, IWLCS 2007, London, UK, July 8, 2007, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Stojadinović S, Vasilić R, Kasalica B, et al (2014) Luminescence During the Electrochemical Oxidation of Aluminum. In: Djokić SS (ed) Electrodeposition and Surface Finishing: Fundamentals and Applications. Springer, New York, NY, pp 241–302

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Can You Solve This Math Problem That Went Viral In Japan? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Working Comfortably With Video Display Terminals. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson RA (2011) Spectroelectrochemical Sensing and Detection of Zinc in Serum by Anodic Stripping Voltammerty on a Bismuth Film Electrode. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J (2016) Measure in Florida That Claims to Support Solar Power Could Discourage It. New York Times A17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tishkoff 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Blume-Jensen and Hunter 2001; Tishkoff 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Blume-Jensen and Hunter 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Harrington et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics
AbbreviationInt. J. Pept. Res. Ther.
ISSN (print)1573-3149
ISSN (online)1573-3904
Molecular Medicine
Analytical Chemistry
Drug Discovery

Other styles