How to format your references using the International Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Livio M (2002) Astrophysical spouts: the jet set. Nature 417:125
A journal article with 2 authors
Cruz A, Green BG (2000) Thermal stimulation of taste. Nature 403:889–892
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu Q, Clark MS, Palmiter RD (2012) Deciphering a neuronal circuit that mediates appetite. Nature 483:594–597
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Peeters FJC, Acheson R, Brummer G-JA, et al (2004) Vigorous exchange between the Indian and Atlantic oceans at the end of the past five glacial periods. Nature 430:661–665

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hites RA, Raff JD (2012) Elements of Environmental Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Scherer P (2010) Theoretical Molecular Biophysics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Doerffer P, Hirsch C, Dussauge J-P, et al (2011) Nozzle Forced Shock Oscillations with Wall Bump (Reynald Bur). In: Hirsch C, Dussauge J-P, Babinsky H, Barakos GN (eds) Unsteady Effects of Shock Wave Induced Separation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 135–161

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) Gravitational Lenses Let Astronomers See Brightest Galaxies Like Never Before. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) European Transportation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schmisseur BE (2002) An Evaluation of Noise Reduction Effectiveness in Four Digital Hearing Aids. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stubbs J, Reyes R (2016) Don’t Waste Your Vote. Trade It. New York Times A27

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Livio 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cruz and Green 2000; Livio 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cruz and Green 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Peeters et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics
AbbreviationInt. J. Pept. Res. Ther.
ISSN (print)1573-3149
ISSN (online)1573-3904
Molecular Medicine
Analytical Chemistry
Drug Discovery

Other styles