How to format your references using the Journal of Great Lakes Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Great Lakes Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graddol, D., 2004. The future of language. Science 303, 1329–1331.
A journal article with 2 authors
Showalter, M.R., Hamilton, D.P., 2015. Resonant interactions and chaotic rotation of Pluto’s small moons. Nature 522, 45–49.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coyte, K.Z., Schluter, J., Foster, K.R., 2015. The ecology of the microbiome: Networks, competition, and stability. Science 350, 663–666.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gore, A.V., Maegawa, S., Cheong, A., Gilligan, P.C., Weinberg, E.S., Sampath, K., 2005. The zebrafish dorsal axis is apparent at the four-cell stage. Nature 438, 1030–1035.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simpkins, A.M., Simpkins, C.A., 2010. Meditation and Yoga in Psychotherapy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Armbruster, D., Kempf, K.G. (Eds.), 2012. Decision Policies for Production Networks. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Fallon, R., 2015. Celebgate: Two Methodological Approaches to the 2014 Celebrity Photo Hacks, in: Tiropanis, T., Vakali, A., Sartori, L., Burnap, P. (Eds.), Internet Science: Second International Conference, INSCI 2015, Brussels, Belgium, May 27-29, 2015, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Great Lakes Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. Weird Meteor Noises Might Be Caused By Light Heating Your Hair [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Surface Infrastructure: Costs, Financing and Schedules for Large-Dollar Transportation Projects (No. RCED-98-64). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ivy, R., 2017. Regional Subsurface Investigation of the Uppermost Cretaceous of Northern Louisiana (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Jenks, S., 2017. Troubled Vision. New York Times F7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Graddol, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Graddol, 2004; Showalter and Hamilton, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Showalter and Hamilton, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Gore et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Great Lakes Research
AbbreviationJ. Great Lakes Res.
ISSN (print)0380-1330
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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