How to format your references using the International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Ciochon RL. The mystery ape of Pleistocene Asia. Nature 2009;459:910–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Ettema TJG, Andersson SGE. Comment on “A 3-hydroxypropionate/4-hydroxybutyrate autotrophic carbon dioxide assimilation pathway in Archaea.” Science 2008;321:342; author reply 342.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Ioannou CC, Guttal V, Couzin ID. Predatory fish select for coordinated collective motion in virtual prey. Science 2012;337:1212–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Tzedakis PC, Lawson IT, Frogley MR, Hewitt GM, Preece RC. Buffered tree population changes in a quaternary refugium: evolutionary implications. Science 2002;297:2044–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Wright D. Using Commercial Contracts. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Moreira F, Arianoutsou M, Corona P, De las Heras J, editors. Post-Fire Management and Restoration of Southern European Forests. vol. 24. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
O’Shea DJ. Access to Care. In: Loue S, editor. Mental Health Practitioner’s Guide to HIV/AIDS, New York, NY: Springer; 2013, p. 69–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. How Rain Helped Shaped The Surface Of Mars. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/space/how-rain-helped-shaped-the-surface-of-mars/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Polar-Orbiting Satellites: With Costs Increasing and Data Continuity at Risk, Improvements Needed in Tri-agency Decision Making. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Crump S. The efficacy of an academic behavior assessment tool for the functional behavior assessment process. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Abad S, Casey N. Race Is On to Find Survivors of Colombia Mudslide. New York Times 2017:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Osteopathic Medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Osteopath. Med.
ISSN (print)1746-0689
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

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