How to format your references using the International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Malin G. Oceans. New pieces for the marine sulfur cycle jigsaw. Science 2006;314:607–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Nishioka K, Reinberg D. Transcription. Switching partners in a regulatory tango. Science 2001;294:2497–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Råberg L, Sim D, Read AF. Disentangling genetic variation for resistance and tolerance to infectious diseases in animals. Science 2007;318:812–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Ekiert DC, Friesen RHE, Bhabha G, Kwaks T, Jongeneelen M, Yu W, et al. A highly conserved neutralizing epitope on group 2 influenza A viruses. Science 2011;333:843–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Joule JA, Mills K. Heterocyclic Chemistry at a Glance. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Cena L. La relazione genitore-bambino: Dalla psicoanalisi infantile alle nuove prospettive evoluzionistiche dell’attaccamento. Milano: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Liñán F, Jaén I, Ortega FJ. Understanding the Role of Culture and Economic Conditions in Entrepreneurship. In: Peris-Ortiz M, Merigó-Lindahl JM, editors. Entrepreneurship, Regional Development and Culture: An Institutional Perspective, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 53–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Knowing Names Makes Cooperation More Likely. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/knowing-names-makes-cooperation-more-likely/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Grants Management Oversight Improving, but Better Follow-up Needed on Grantees’ Noncompliance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Aparicio EM. Examining Latina/o STEM degree aspirations. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Park LS. Look on the Bright Side. New York Times 2015:BR18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Osteopathic Medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Osteopath. Med.
ISSN (print)1746-0689
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

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