How to format your references using the Veterinary Research Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Research Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Birge NO (2009) Physics. Sensing a small but persistent current. Science 326:244–245
A journal article with 2 authors
Karimi E, Boyd RW (2015) PHYSICS. Classical entanglement? Science 350:1172–1173
A journal article with 3 authors
Falkowski PG, Fenchel T, Delong EF (2008) The microbial engines that drive Earth’s biogeochemical cycles. Science 320:1034–1039
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Baker DA, Mille-Baker B, Wainwright SM, et al (2001) Mae mediates MAP kinase phosphorylation of Ets transcription factors in Drosophila. Nature 411:330–334

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sailor W (2009) Making RTI Work. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA
An edited book
Pollin S (2011) Software Defined Radios: From Smart(er) to Cognitive. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Zhao N, Zhang H (2011) An Wavelet Multi-scale Edge Detection Algorithm Based on Adaptive Dual Threshold. In: Lin S, Huang X (eds) Advanced Research on Computer Education, Simulation and Modeling: International Conference, CESM 2011, Wuhan, China, June 18-19, 2011. Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 20–25

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Research Communications.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Has The First Dark Matter Particle Been Found? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) OPM Retirement Modernization: Progress Has Been Hindered by Longstanding Information Technology Management Weaknesses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee E (2017) Assessing the Well-Being Koreans and Korean Americans: Psychometric Validation Study for a Multidimensional Assessment of Well-Being. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2004) Russian Who Killed Chechen May Get a Pardon. New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Birge 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Birge 2009; Karimi and Boyd 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karimi and Boyd 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Baker et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Research Communications
AbbreviationVet. Res. Commun.
ISSN (print)0165-7380
ISSN (online)1573-7446
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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