How to format your references using the Veterinary Research Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Research Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson M (2011) Traditional Asian medicine. Nature 480:S81
A journal article with 2 authors
Artal-Sanz M, Tavernarakis N (2009) Prohibitin couples diapause signalling to mitochondrial metabolism during ageing in C. elegans. Nature 461:793–797
A journal article with 3 authors
Palla G, Barabási A-L, Vicsek T (2007) Quantifying social group evolution. Nature 446:664–667
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Nelissen K, Luppino G, Vanduffel W, et al (2005) Observing others: multiple action representation in the frontal lobe. Science 310:332–336

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Escarpa A, González MC, López MÁ (2015) Agricultural and Food Electroanalysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Aldrich DP, Oum S, Sawada Y (eds) (2015) Resilience and Recovery in Asian Disasters: Community Ties, Market Mechanisms, and Governance. Springer Japan, Tokyo
A chapter in an edited book
Eschmeier J (2014) On the Maximal Ideal Space of a Sarason-Type Algebra on the Unit Ball. In: Douglas RG, Krantz SG, Sawyer ET, et al. (eds) The Corona Problem: Connections Between Operator Theory, Function Theory, and Geometry. Springer, New York, NY, pp 69–83

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Research Communications.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Watch These Leafcutter Ants Carry Fresh Leaves for Their Fungal Farms. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Serious Shortcomings in FAA’s Training Program Must Be Remedied. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eslava Rios J (2015) Automatic melanoma detection in dermatological images. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2014) The Justices Have Cellphones, Too. New York Times A27

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grayson 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Artal-Sanz and Tavernarakis 2009; Grayson 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Artal-Sanz and Tavernarakis 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Nelissen et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Research Communications
AbbreviationVet. Res. Commun.
ISSN (print)0165-7380
ISSN (online)1573-7446
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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