How to format your references using the Veterinary Research Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Research Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glassmeier K-H (2009) Planetary science. Magnetic twisters on Mercury. Science 324:597–598
A journal article with 2 authors
Gompel N, Carroll SB (2003) Genetic mechanisms and constraints governing the evolution of correlated traits in drosophilid flies. Nature 424:931–935
A journal article with 3 authors
Pavlov P, Svendsen JI, Indrelid S (2001) Human presence in the European Arctic nearly 40,000 years ago. Nature 413:64–67
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Vocadlo DJ, Davies GJ, Laine R, Withers SG (2001) Catalysis by hen egg-white lysozyme proceeds via a covalent intermediate. Nature 412:835–838

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Federer WT, King F (2007) Variations on Split Plot and Split Block Experiment Designs: Federer/Variations on Split Plot and Split Block Experiment Designs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Choudhury T, Quigley A, Strang T, Suginuma K (eds) (2009) Location and Context Awareness: 4th International Symposium, LoCA 2009 Tokyo, Japan, May 7-8, 2009 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Yucel T, Yildiz E, Erdemir U, et al (2016) Diagnosis. In: Erdemir U, Yildiz E (eds) Esthetic and Functional Management of Diastema: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 39–52

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Research Communications.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Genetically Modified Bacteria Could Prevent Obesity. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/genetically-modified-bacteria-could-prevent-obesity/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Youth with Autism: Roundtable Views of Services Needed During the Transition into Adulthood. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bishop S (2015) The impact of attachment and social support on parents of children with autism. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Callahan K (2011) Quotation Of The Day. New York Times A2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Glassmeier 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Gompel and Carroll 2003; Glassmeier 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gompel and Carroll 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Vocadlo et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Research Communications
AbbreviationVet. Res. Commun.
ISSN (print)0165-7380
ISSN (online)1573-7446
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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