How to format your references using the Veterinary Research Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Research Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kono M (2006) Geophysics. Ships’ logs and archeomagnetism. Science 312:865–866
A journal article with 2 authors
Corma A, Serna P (2006) Chemoselective hydrogenation of nitro compounds with supported gold catalysts. Science 313:332–334
A journal article with 3 authors
Schwartz JH, Tattersall I, Chi Z (2014) Comment on “A complete skull from Dmanisi, Georgia, and the evolutionary biology of early Homo.” Science 344:360
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Pereira M, Pfisterer U, Rylander D, et al (2014) Highly efficient generation of induced neurons from human fibroblasts that survive transplantation into the adult rat brain. Sci Rep 4:6330

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Acharya VV, Cooley TF, Richardson M, Walter I (2010) Regulating Wall Street. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Cho YJ (2015) Stability of Functional Equations in Banach Algebras. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Hornberger K (2009) Introduction to Decoherence Theory. In: Buchleitner A, Viviescas C, Tiersch M (eds) Entanglement and Decoherence: Foundations and Modern Trends. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 221–276

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Research Communications.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) How Malaria Species Combine To Make Infections Worse. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) A Methodology for Reviewing Computer Software. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cole Jackson M (2015) National school reform: the benefits of civility and ethics instruction. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr, Southall A (2016) One Outlier as Homicides in City Decline Significantly. New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kono 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Kono 2006; Corma and Serna 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Corma and Serna 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Pereira et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Research Communications
AbbreviationVet. Res. Commun.
ISSN (print)0165-7380
ISSN (online)1573-7446
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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