How to format your references using the Veterinary Research Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Research Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buckingham S (2003) Seeing is believing. Nature 425:211
A journal article with 2 authors
Bever T, Montalbetti M (2002) Linguistics. Noam’s Ark. Science 298:1565–1566
A journal article with 3 authors
Burnham D, Kitamura C, Vollmer-Conna U (2002) What’s new, pussycat? On talking to babies and animals. Science 296:1435
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Vander Weele CM, Siciliano CA, Matthews GA, et al (2018) Dopamine enhances signal-to-noise ratio in cortical-brainstem encoding of aversive stimuli. Nature 563:397–401

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lyshevski SE (2005) Engineering and Scientific Computations Using MATLAB®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Domingo-Ferrer J, Posegga J, Schreckling D (eds) (2006) Smart Card Research and Advanced Applications: 7th IFIP WG 8.8/11.2 International Conference, CARDIS 2006, Tarragona, Spain, April 19-21, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Rosselli F (2006) The FANC B, E, F and G Genes and Their Products. In: Kirk SH (ed) Molecular Mechanisms of Fanconi Anemia. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 54–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Research Communications.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Nobel Prize In Chemistry Awarded For Work On Natural DNA Repair. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Space Acquisitions: Development and Oversight Challenges in Delivering Improved Space Situational Awareness Capabilities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller T (2014) A qualitative phenomenological study: Hiring nurses re-entering the workforce after chemical dependence. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McFADDEN RD (2017) Gabe Pressman, 93, Dean Of New York News, Dies. New York Times D6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buckingham 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Bever and Montalbetti 2002; Buckingham 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bever and Montalbetti 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Vander Weele et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Research Communications
AbbreviationVet. Res. Commun.
ISSN (print)0165-7380
ISSN (online)1573-7446
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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