How to format your references using the Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keenan, T.F. 2015. Phenology: Spring greening in a warming world. Nature, 526, 48–49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dorfman, K.E. and Mukamel, S. 2014. Indistinguishability and correlations of photons generated by quantum emitters undergoing spectral diffusion. Scientific reports, 4, 3996.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sudhakar, Y.A., Verma, R.K. and Pawar, S.C. 2014. Type IV collagen α1-chain noncollagenous domain blocks MMP-2 activation both in-vitro and in-vivo. Scientific reports, 4, 4136.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Choi, S.H., Ko, Y.N., Lee, J.-K. and Kang, Y.C. 2014. Rapid continuous synthesis of spherical reduced graphene ball-nickel oxide composite for lithium ion batteries. Scientific reports, 4, 5786.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Birla, R. 2014. Introduction to Tissue Engineering.
An edited book
Lütjering, G. 2007. Titanium, 2nd ed. Williams, J. C. (ed.). Engineering Materials, Processes.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, Y., Fang, J.-Q. and Liu, Q. 2009. Briefly Review of China High Technology Networks. In: Zhou, J. (ed.) Complex Sciences: First International Conference, Complex 2009, Shanghai, China, February 23-25, 2009, Revised Papers, Part 2. Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, 1238–1247.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. 2016. Next Time You Ask The Doctor For Some Antibiotics – Consider Whether You’re Being Immoral. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Aviation Fees: Review of Air Carriers’ Year 2000 Passenger and Property Screening Costs. GAO-05-558.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Forshey, T.M. 2013. Neural Basis of the Neurological Diagnostic Power of Vibrotactile Sensory Testing. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. 2016. Cabrera Puts End to Wild Game With 1 1th-Inning Homer. New York Times, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keenan 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Dorfman and Mukamel 2014; Keenan 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dorfman and Mukamel 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Choi et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis
AbbreviationGeochem. Explor. Environ. Analy.
ISSN (print)1467-7873
ISSN (online)2041-4943
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
General Earth and Planetary Sciences
Geochemistry and Petrology
General Environmental Science

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