How to format your references using the International Journal of Oral Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Oral Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Marris E. Almost in bloom. Nature 2008; 452: 122–124.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Donaldson ZR, Young LJ. Oxytocin, vasopressin, and the neurogenetics of sociality. Science 2008; 322: 900–904.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Dasen JS, Liu J-P, Jessell TM. Motor neuron columnar fate imposed by sequential phases of Hox-c activity. Nature 2003; 425: 926–933.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Bshary R, Grutter AS, Willener AST et al. Pairs of cooperating cleaner fish provide better service quality than singletons. Nature 2008; 455: 964–966.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Acharya VV, Cooley TF, Richardson M et al. Regulating Wall Street. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Stojmenovic I, Cheng Z, Guo S eds. Mobile and Ubiquitous Systems: Computing, Networking, and Services: 10th International Conference, MOBIQUITOUS 2013, Tokyo, Japan, December 2-4, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Douiri MR, Cherkaoui M. Rotor Time Constant Identification Approaches Based on Back-Propagation Neural Network for Indirect Vector Controlled Induction Machine. In: Papasratorn B, Charoenkitkarn N, Vanijja V, et al., eds. Advances in Information Technology: 6th International Conference, IAIT 2013, Bangkok, Thailand, December 12-13, 2013. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2013, pp.47–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Oral Science.

Blog post
1. Evans K. Nepal Burns Stockpile Of 4,000 Animal Parts To Fight Trafficking. IFLScience 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Charter Schools: Additional Federal Attention Needed to Help Protect Access for Students with Disabilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bourne BB. Phenomenological study of response to organizational change: Baby Boomers, Generation X, and Generation Y. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Widdicombe B. Humming Along With the Dead. New York Times. June 24, 2017:ST1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Oral Science
AbbreviationInt. J. Oral Sci.
ISSN (print)1674-2818
ISSN (online)2049-3169
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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