How to format your references using the Journal of Plant Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Plant Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stern, P., 2013. The heavily connected brain. Connection, connection, connection... Introduction. Science 342, 577.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schrag, D.P., Hoffman, P.F., 2001. Life, geology and snowball Earth. Nature 409, 306.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hansell, D.A., Kadko, D., Bates, N.R., 2004. Degradation of terrigenous dissolved organic carbon in the western Arctic Ocean. Science 304, 858–861.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Singleton, M.R., Dillingham, M.S., Gaudier, M., Kowalczykowski, S.C., Wigley, D.B., 2004. Crystal structure of RecBCD enzyme reveals a machine for processing DNA breaks. Nature 432, 187–193.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Casadella, V., Liu, Z., Uzunidis, D., 2015. Innovation Capabilities and Economic Development in Open Economies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mukhopadhyay, S.C., Lay-Ekuakille, A., Fuchs, A. (Eds.), 2011. New Developments and Applications in Sensing Technology, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Blažič, B., Herman, L., Božiček, A., Papič, I., 2015. Mathematical Modeling and Control Algorithms of STATCOMs, in: Shahnia, F., Rajakaruna, S., Ghosh, A. (Eds.), Static Compensators (STATCOMs) in Power Systems, Power Systems. Springer, Singapore, pp. 111–145.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Plant Physiology.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. China’s 4,000-Year-Old “Great Flood” Founding Myth Was True All Along [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Aviation Manufacturing: Status of FAA’s Efforts to Improve Certification and Regulatory Consistency (No. GAO-14-829T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson, W.A., 2010. Middle school students’ experiences on a science museum field trip as Preparation for Future Learning (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2007. Hidden Treasures Of the Food Industry. New York Times 14NJ13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stern, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Schrag and Hoffman, 2001; Stern, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schrag and Hoffman, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Singleton et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Plant Physiology
AbbreviationJ. Plant Physiol.
ISSN (print)0176-1617
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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