How to format your references using the Arabian Journal of Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arabian Journal of Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nathan, C.: Immunology. Catalytic antibody bridges innate and adaptive immunity. Science. 298, 2143–2144 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Valsami-Jones, E., Lynch, I.: NANOSAFETY. How safe are nanomaterials? Science. 350, 388–389 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmidt, A.R., Dörfelt, H., Perrichot, V.: Carnivorous fungi from Cretaceous amber. Science. 318, 1743 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jones, S., Wang, T.-L., Shih, I.-M., Mao, T.-L., Nakayama, K., Roden, R., Glas, R., Slamon, D., Diaz, L.A., Jr, Vogelstein, B., Kinzler, K.W., Velculescu, V.E., Papadopoulos, N.: Frequent mutations of chromatin remodeling gene ARID1A in ovarian clear cell carcinoma. Science. 330, 228–231 (2010)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Warren, A.E.A., Lerner, R.M., Phelps, E.: Thriving and Spirituality Among Youth. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2011)
An edited book
Lovrek, I., Howlett, R.J., Jain, L.C. eds: Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems: 12th International Conference, KES 2008, Zagreb, Croatia, September 3-5, 2008, Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Vulpetti, G., Johnson, L., Matloff, G.L.: Non-Rocket In-Space Propulsion. In: Johnson, L. and Matloff, G.L. (eds.) Solar Sails: A Novel Approach to Interplanetary Travel. pp. 35–44. Springer, New York, NY (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arabian Journal of Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: Watch What Ants Do When A Phone Starts To Ring,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Review of Administration of Selected Aspects of the Student-Tutor Education Program by the National Endowment for the Humanities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1971)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bourne, B.B.: Phenomenological study of response to organizational change: Baby Boomers, Generation X, and Generation Y, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M.: THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Overview; Bush Subtly Avoids Direct Attack Against Clinton on the Draft Issue, (1992)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArabian Journal of Mathematics
AbbreviationArab. J. Math.
ISSN (print)2193-5343
ISSN (online)2193-5351

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