How to format your references using the Arabian Journal of Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arabian Journal of Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adam, D.: Cause is not everything in mental illness. Nature. 511, 509 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Horvath, P., Barrangou, R.: CRISPR/Cas, the immune system of bacteria and archaea. Science. 327, 167–170 (2010)
A journal article with 3 authors
Peters, A.J., Chen, S.X., Komiyama, T.: Emergence of reproducible spatiotemporal activity during motor learning. Nature. 510, 263–267 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Abi-Rached, L., Jobin, M.J., Kulkarni, S., McWhinnie, A., Dalva, K., Gragert, L., Babrzadeh, F., Gharizadeh, B., Luo, M., Plummer, F.A., Kimani, J., Carrington, M., Middleton, D., Rajalingam, R., Beksac, M., Marsh, S.G.E., Maiers, M., Guethlein, L.A., Tavoularis, S., Little, A.-M., Green, R.E., Norman, P.J., Parham, P.: The shaping of modern human immune systems by multiregional admixture with archaic humans. Science. 334, 89–94 (2011)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Oden, J.T.: An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2011)
An edited book
Adami, N., Cavallaro, A., Leonardi, R., Migliorati, P. eds: Analysis, Retrieval and Delivery of Multimedia Content. Springer, New York, NY (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Shah, P.P.: Agency as Negotiation: Social Norms, Girls’ Schooling and Marriage in Gujarat, India. In: DeJaeghere, J.G., Josić, J., and McCleary, K.S. (eds.) Education and Youth Agency: Qualitative Case Studies in Global Contexts. pp. 85–102. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arabian Journal of Mathematics.

Blog post
Hale, T.: Planet Earth II Releases New Footage Of The Epic Baby Iguana-Snake Showdown,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Telecommunications: Exposure and Testing Requirements for Mobile Phones Should Be Reassessed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2012)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Perantoni, E.J.: Course design based on the Kolb learning style as it relates to student success in online classes, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery, M., Silver-Greenberg, J.: Store-Branded Credit Cards Buoy Struggling Retailers, but Mask Their Pain, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArabian Journal of Mathematics
AbbreviationArab. J. Math.
ISSN (print)2193-5343
ISSN (online)2193-5351

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