How to format your references using the Arabian Journal of Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arabian Journal of Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Prosnitz, D.: Science and law. WMD sensors--search and seizure. Science. 310, 978 (2005)
A journal article with 2 authors
Lieberman, R.L., Rosenzweig, A.C.: Crystal structure of a membrane-bound metalloenzyme that catalyses the biological oxidation of methane. Nature. 434, 177–182 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Tritsch, N.X., Ding, J.B., Sabatini, B.L.: Dopaminergic neurons inhibit striatal output through non-canonical release of GABA. Nature. 490, 262–266 (2012)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pagani, M., Caldeira, K., Archer, D., Zachos, J.C.: Atmosphere. An ancient carbon mystery. Science. 314, 1556–1557 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Connor, K., Aardema, F., Pélissier, M.-C.: Beyond Reasonable Doubt. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2006)
An edited book
Pearton, S.J.: Gallium Nitride Processing for Electronics, Sensors and Spintronics. Springer, London (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Abdalla, M., Vie, J.-J.: Leakage-Resilient Spatial Encryption. In: Hevia, A. and Neven, G. (eds.) Progress in Cryptology – LATINCRYPT 2012: 2nd International Conference on Cryptology and Information Security in Latin America, Santiago, Chile, October 7-10, 2012. Proceedings. pp. 78–99. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arabian Journal of Mathematics.

Blog post
Hale, T.: Scientists Find The Cells At The Root Of Balding And Gray Hair,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Army Accounting Adjustments--Aviation Systems Command. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1992)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Voma, S.K.: Design of Power Management Circuit for Energy Harvesting Applications, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M.: Newly Selected Chief of Staff Is Widely Known for Loyalty, (1992)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArabian Journal of Mathematics
AbbreviationArab. J. Math.
ISSN (print)2193-5343
ISSN (online)2193-5351

Other styles