How to format your references using the Arabian Journal of Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arabian Journal of Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mutter, J.: Disasters widen the rich-poor gap. Nature. 466, 1042 (2010)
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwartz, M.A., Chen, C.S.: Cell biology. Deconstructing dimensionality. Science. 339, 402–404 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Chih, B., Engelman, H., Scheiffele, P.: Control of excitatory and inhibitory synapse formation by neuroligins. Science. 307, 1324–1328 (2005)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Plank, M., Hu, G., Silva, A.S., Wood, S.H., Hesketh, E.E., Janssens, G., Macedo, A., de Magalhães, J.P., Church, G.M.: An analysis and validation pipeline for large-scale RNAi-based screens. Sci. Rep. 3, 1076 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Souza de Cursi, E.: Variational Methods for Engineers with Matlab®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2015)
An edited book
Cho, S.J. ed: The Proceedings of the 12th International Congress on Mathematical Education: Intellectual and attitudinal challenges. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Carlson, D.L., Albright, J.: The Technology of Portfolios. In: Carlson, D.L. and Albright, J. (eds.) Composing a Care of the Self: A Critical History of Writing Assessment in Secondary English Education. pp. 123–141. SensePublishers, Rotterdam (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arabian Journal of Mathematics.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Almost A Third Of New FDA-Approved Pharmaceuticals Have Post-Trial Safety Events


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Advanced Technologies: Strengthened Federal Approach Needed to Help Identify and Mitigate Supply Risks for Critical Raw Materials. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2016)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duggimpudi, M.B.: Object Ranking Algorithms for Improved Decision Making, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K.: A Slice of Virtue, (2011)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArabian Journal of Mathematics
AbbreviationArab. J. Math.
ISSN (print)2193-5343
ISSN (online)2193-5351

Other styles