How to format your references using the International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (IJOM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Tauris TM. Spin-down of radio millisecond pulsars at genesis. Science 2012;335(6068):561–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
McBrearty S., Jablonski NG. First fossil chimpanzee. Nature 2005;437(7055):105–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Vander Heiden MG., Cantley LC., Thompson CB. Understanding the Warburg effect: the metabolic requirements of cell proliferation. Science 2009;324(5930):1029–33.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Rome LC., Flynn L., Goldman EM., Yoo TD. Generating electricity while walking with loads. Science 2005;309(5741):1725–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Haas TC. Improving Natural Resource Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Lai PC., Mak ASH. GIS for Health and the Environment: Development in the Asia-Pacific Region With 110 Figures. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Meyer TP., Gettelman KA., Donohue TR. College Students’ Perceptions of the Influence of Advertising and Price Versus Non-Marketer-Controlled Factors on Their Purchases of Brand-Name Athletic Shoes and Clothing. In: Moore M, and Moore RS, editors. New Meanings for Marketing in a New Millennium: Proceedings of the 2001 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 17–24.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Calcified Fetus Found In Woman After More Than 50 Years. IFLScience. Available at https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/woman-chile-has-carried-stone-baby-over-50-years/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Review of the Upward Bound Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Crosby WO. ATI v. Colorado: How the Commerce Clause Provides Guidance at the Confluence of Energy, Environmental, and Constitutional Law. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly B., London M. Bright Spots in the Rain Forest. New York Times 2004:A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
AbbreviationInt. J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.
ISSN (print)0901-5027
ISSN (online)1399-0020
ScopeOtorhinolaryngology
Surgery
Oral Surgery

Other styles