How to format your references using the International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (IJOM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Petherick A. Campaigning for Chagas disease. Nature 2010;465(7301):S21-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Fauci AS., Marston HD. PUBLIC HEALTH. Toward an HIV vaccine: A scientific journey. Science 2015;349(6246):386–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bylicka B., Chruściński D., Maniscalco S. Non-Markovianity and reservoir memory of quantum channels: a quantum information theory perspective. Sci Rep 2014;4:5720.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Wu Z-H., Shi Y., Tibbetts RS., Miyamoto S. Molecular linkage between the kinase ATM and NF-kappaB signaling in response to genotoxic stimuli. Science 2006;311(5764):1141–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Casadella V., Liu Z., Uzunidis D. Innovation Capabilities and Economic Development in Open Economies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Leung T. Pro Visual Studio LightSwitch 2011 Development. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Stöhr J. Prion Protein Aggregation and FibrillogenesisIn Vitro. In: Harris JR, editor. Protein Aggregation and Fibrillogenesis in Cerebral and Systemic Amyloid Disease. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 91–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. Scientists Seek Approval To Genetically Modify Human Embryos. IFLScience. Available at https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/scientists-seek-approval-genetically-modify-human-embryos/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Responses to Questions for the Record; September 2008 Hearing on the Next Generation Air Transportation System: Status and Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Eaddy M. An empirical assessment of the crosscutting concern problem. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Nagourney A., Berger J. Horror at Desert Ritual as Racer Flips Into Crowd. New York Times 2010:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
AbbreviationInt. J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.
ISSN (print)0901-5027
ISSN (online)1399-0020
ScopeOtorhinolaryngology
Surgery
Oral Surgery

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