How to format your references using the Sex Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sex Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Helander, Michael G. 2012. “Applied Physics. Solution-Processible Electrodes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6079): 302–303.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yanega, Gregor M., and Margaret A. Rubega. 2004. “Feeding Mechanisms: Hummingbird Jaw Bends to Aid Insect Capture.” Nature 428 (6983): 615.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Qi, Yulong Li, and Richard W. Tsien. 2009. “The Dynamic Control of Kiss-and-Run and Vesicular Reuse Probed with Single Nanoparticles.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323 (5920): 1448–1453.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gu, Z. T., H. Wang, L. Li, Y. S. Liu, X. B. Deng, S. F. Huo, F. F. Yuan, Z. F. Liu, H. S. Tong, and L. Su. 2014. “Heat Stress Induces Apoptosis through Transcription-Independent P53-Mediated Mitochondrial Pathways in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cell.” Scientific Reports 4 (March): 4469.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adamowicz, Zofia, and Paweł Zbierski. 1997. Logic of Mathematics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Davis, Brian, Kaarel Kaljurand, and Tobias Kuhn, eds. 2014. Controlled Natural Language: 4th International Workshop, CNL 2014, Galway, Ireland, August 20-22, 2014. Proceedings. Vol. 8625. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
McGee, Robert W. 2009. “Disclosure and Transparency.” In Corporate Governance in Transition Economies, edited by Robert W. McGee, 41–45. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sex Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2013. “A Lion and Tiger and Bear; Oh My!” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. Disapproval of Seattle, Washington, School District Applications for Emergency School Aid Funds. MWD-76-106. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Herrlich, Ariel. 2010. “Transparency and Medical Interventions in Vital Statistics Reports: Quantitative Research and Analysis.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2000. “Parents Say Stable’s New Site Means Dust and Distraction for Children.” New York Times, October 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Helander 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Helander 2012; Yanega and Rubega 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yanega and Rubega 2004)
  • Three authors: (Zhang, Li, and Tsien 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSex Education
AbbreviationSex Educ.
ISSN (print)1468-1811
ISSN (online)1472-0825
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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