How to format your references using the Sex Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sex Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sterner, Thomas. 2015. “Economics: Higher Costs of Climate Change.” Nature 527 (7577): 177–178.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fakhraai, Z., and J. A. Forrest. 2008. “Measuring the Surface Dynamics of Glassy Polymers.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5863): 600–604.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mace, Georgina M., John L. Gittleman, and Andy Purvis. 2003. “Preserving the Tree of Life.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5626): 1707–1709.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Fujishiro, Takashi, Hiroshi Kawasaki, Makoto Aihara, Tadashiro Saeki, Reiko Ymagishi, Takuya Atarashi, Chihiro Mayama, and Makoto Araie. 2014. “Establishment of an Experimental Ferret Ocular Hypertension Model for the Analysis of Central Visual Pathway Damage.” Scientific Reports 4 (October): 6501.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gadd, Karen. 2016. TRIZ Für Ingenieure. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Davim, J. Paulo, ed. 2015. Modern Manufacturing Engineering. Materials Forming, Machining and Tribology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Takuma, Tadasu, and Boonchai Techaumnat. 2010. “Electric Field Behavior for the Common Contact of Three Dielectrics.” In Electric Fields in Composite Dielectrics and Their Applications, edited by Boonchai Techaumnat, 61–70. Power Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sex Education.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “How One Bird Got Three Such Different-Looking Males.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Information Technology: Streamlining FHA’s Single Family Housing Operations. AIMD-97-4. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spanier, Adam Jason. 2008. “The Relationship of Genes and Environment with Exhaled Nitric Oxide in Children with Asthma.” Doctoral dissertation, Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lyman, Rick. 2017. “Polish President Offers Plan to End Court Crisis, but the Response Is Tepid.” New York Times, September 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sterner 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Sterner 2015; Fakhraai and Forrest 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fakhraai and Forrest 2008)
  • Three authors: (Mace, Gittleman, and Purvis 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Fujishiro et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSex Education
AbbreviationSex Educ.
ISSN (print)1468-1811
ISSN (online)1472-0825
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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