How to format your references using the Sex Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sex Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, Caitlin. 2003. “The Silent Treatment.” Nature 422 (6929): 342.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kirwan, Matthew L., and J. Patrick Megonigal. 2013. “Tidal Wetland Stability in the Face of Human Impacts and Sea-Level Rise.” Nature 504 (7478): 53–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Bin, Shibin Xu, and Liguang Wu. 2012. “Intensified Arabian Sea Tropical Storms.” Nature 489 (7416): E1-2; discussion E2-3.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Refojo, Damian, Martin Schweizer, Claudia Kuehne, Stefanie Ehrenberg, Christoph Thoeringer, Annette M. Vogl, Nina Dedic, et al. 2011. “Glutamatergic and Dopaminergic Neurons Mediate Anxiogenic and Anxiolytic Effects of CRHR1.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6051): 1903–1907.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saunders, Anthony, and Linda Allen. 2010. Credit Risk Management in and Out of the Financial Crisis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Arnicans, Guntis, Vineta Arnicane, Juris Borzovs, and Laila Niedrite, eds. 2016. Databases and Information Systems: 12th International Baltic Conference, DB&IS 2016, Riga, Latvia, July 4-6, 2016, Proceedings. Vol. 615. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gross, Eberhard K. U., and Neepa T. Maitra. 2012. “Introduction to TDDFT.” In Fundamentals of Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory, edited by Miguel A. L. Marques, Neepa T. Maitra, Fernando M. S. Nogueira, E. K. U. Gross, and Angel Rubio, 53–99. Lecture Notes in Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sex Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Impacts, Extinctions And Climate In The Search For Life Elsewhere.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Space Station: Cost Control Problems Continue to Worsen. T-NSIAD-97-177. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parkinson, Meghan M. 2011. “Adult Readers’ Calibration of Word Learning.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Kevin. 2007. “Keep ’Em Coming.” New York Times, August 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Smith 2003; Kirwan and Megonigal 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kirwan and Megonigal 2013)
  • Three authors: (Wang, Xu, and Wu 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Refojo et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleSex Education
AbbreviationSex Educ.
ISSN (print)1468-1811
ISSN (online)1472-0825
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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