How to format your references using the Sex Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sex Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frenkel, Daan. 2006. “Materials Science. Colloidal Encounters: A Matter of Attraction.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 314 (5800): 768–769.
A journal article with 2 authors
Turner, B. L., and P. M. Haygarth. 2001. “Biogeochemistry. Phosphorus Solubilization in Rewetted Soils.” Nature 411 (6835): 258.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ma, Li, Julie Teruya-Feldstein, and Robert A. Weinberg. 2007. “Tumour Invasion and Metastasis Initiated by MicroRNA-10b in Breast Cancer.” Nature 449 (7163): 682–688.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rudebeck, P. H., M. J. Buckley, M. E. Walton, and M. F. S. Rushworth. 2006. “A Role for the Macaque Anterior Cingulate Gyrus in Social Valuation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 313 (5791): 1310–1312.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blair, Robert. 2011. Organic Production and Food Quality. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Ao, Sio-Iong, and Len Gelman, eds. 2013. Electrical Engineering and Intelligent Systems. Vol. 130. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pascucci, Andrea, and Wolfgang J. Runggaldier. 2009. “Tassi d’interesse.” In Finanza Matematica: Teoria e Problemi per Modelli Multiperiodali, edited by Wolfgang J. Runggaldier, 199–261. UNITEXT. Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sex Education.

Blog post
Carpineti, Chris. 2017. “This Awesome Omnicopter Drone Can Play Catch.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Direct Student Loans: The Department of Education’s Implementation of Direct Lending. T-HRD-93-26. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Breckheimer, Ian. 2012. “Mapping Habitat Quality in Conservation’s Neglected Geography.” Doctoral dissertation, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2007. “Justices Hear Arguments About Pacts On Pricing.” New York Times, March 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frenkel 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Frenkel 2006; Turner and Haygarth 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Turner and Haygarth 2001)
  • Three authors: (Ma, Teruya-Feldstein, and Weinberg 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Rudebeck et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleSex Education
AbbreviationSex Educ.
ISSN (print)1468-1811
ISSN (online)1472-0825
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

Other styles