How to format your references using the Sex Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sex Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ganem, D. 2001. “Virology. The X Files--One Step Closer to Closure.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5550): 2299–2300.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hitz, Marc-Phillip, and Gregor Andelfinger. 2015. “Cardiology: Race for Healthy Hearts.” Nature 520 (7546): 160–161.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ackermann, Martin, Stephen C. Stearns, and Urs Jenal. 2003. “Senescence in a Bacterium with Asymmetric Division.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5627): 1920.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Day, Julia J., Paul Upchurch, David B. Norman, Andrew S. Gale, and H. Philip Powell. 2002. “Sauropod Trackways, Evolution, and Behavior.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5573): 1659.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Utsuro, Masahiko, and Vladimir K. Ignatovich. 2010. Handbook of Neutron Optics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Zhang, Wei, ed. 2013. Advanced Technology in Teaching: Selected Papers from the 2012 International Conference on Teaching and Computational Science (ICTCS 2012). Vol. 163. Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Moumtzoglou, Anastasius, and Anastasia Kastania. 2013. “An Expository Discourse of E-Health.” In Systems Analysis Tools for Better Health Care Delivery, edited by Panos M. Pardalos, Pando G. Georgiev, Petraq Papajorgji, and Britta Neugaard, 49–63. Springer Optimization and Its Applications. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sex Education.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “Running Cures Blindness In Mice.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Financial Audit: The Federal Communications Commission’s Fiscal Year 2004 Management Representation Letter on Its Financial Statements. GAO-05-608R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lewis, Solange Smita. 2006. “Identification of Stress-Responsive Genes in the Early Larval Stage of the Fathead Minnow Pimephales Promelas.” Doctoral dissertation, Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. 2007. “Village Wants Restaurant Wastewater Degreased.” New York Times, June 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ganem 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Ganem 2001; Hitz and Andelfinger 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hitz and Andelfinger 2015)
  • Three authors: (Ackermann, Stearns, and Jenal 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Day et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleSex Education
AbbreviationSex Educ.
ISSN (print)1468-1811
ISSN (online)1472-0825
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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