How to format your references using the Sex Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sex Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Volonteri, M. 2012. “The Formation and Evolution of Massive Black Holes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337 (6094): 544–547.
A journal article with 2 authors
Murray, Jessica, and Paul Segall. 2002. “Testing Time-Predictable Earthquake Recurrence by Direct Measurement of Strain Accumulation and Release.” Nature 419 (6904): 287–291.
A journal article with 3 authors
Larsen, Ross E., William J. Glover, and Benjamin J. Schwartz. 2010. “Does the Hydrated Electron Occupy a Cavity?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 329 (5987): 65–69.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Couder, Y., S. Protière, E. Fort, and A. Boudaoud. 2005. “Dynamical Phenomena: Walking and Orbiting Droplets.” Nature 437 (7056): 208.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adamowicz, Zofia, and Paweł Zbierski. 1997. Logic of Mathematics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nedjah, Nadia, Luiza de Macedo Mourelle, and Enrique Alba, eds. 2006. Parallel Evolutionary Computations. Vol. 22. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cleaveland, S., D. T. Haydon, and L. Taylor. 2007. “Overviews of Pathogen Emergence: Which Pathogens Emerge, When and Why?” In Wildlife and Emerging Zoonotic Diseases: The Biology, Circumstances and Consequences of Cross-Species Transmission, edited by James E. Childs, John S. Mackenzie, and Jürgen A. Richt, 85–111. Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sex Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2017. “Is Talking To Yourself A Sign Of Mental Illness? An Expert Delivers Her Verdict.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Weaknesses in National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Facilities Utilization Program. PSAD-79-53. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bryan, Daniel. 2015. “Facilitators or Impediments to College Readiness.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kitsantonis, Niki. 2017. “Debt Relief, With Pain, Is on the Way For Greece.” New York Times, May 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Volonteri 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Volonteri 2012; Murray and Segall 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Murray and Segall 2002)
  • Three authors: (Larsen, Glover, and Schwartz 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Couder et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleSex Education
AbbreviationSex Educ.
ISSN (print)1468-1811
ISSN (online)1472-0825
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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