How to format your references using the Acta Neuropathologica Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Neuropathologica Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. Asthma study death spurs inquiry. Nature. 2001;411:873.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Mellman I, Nussenzweig M. Retrospective. Ralph M. Steinman (1943-2011). Science. 2011;334:466.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kim SW, Shimoyama T, Hosono H. Solvated electrons in high-temperature melts and glasses of the room-temperature stable electride [Ca₂₄Al₂₈O₆₄]4+·4e. Science. 2011;333:71–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bayer M, Stern O, Hawrylak P, Fafard S, Forchel A. Hidden symmetries in the energy levels of excitonic “artificial atoms.” Nature. 2000;405:923–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ferdjallah M. Introduction to Digital Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Delle Fave A, editor. The Exploration of Happiness: Present and Future Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Dusseault D. The Legacy of the Oil Industry in Tomsk Oblast: Contradictions Among Socio-Economic Development, Political Legitimacy and Corporate Profits. In: Järvelä M, Juhola S, editors. Energy, Policy, and the Environment: Modeling Sustainable Development for the North. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. p. 65–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Neuropathologica Communications.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Scientists Plan To Drill Into Earthquake Fault Line From The Bottom Of A Gold Mine [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/scientists-plan-to-drill-into-earthquake-fault-line-from-the-bottom-of-a-gold-mine/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: Airport-Centric Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Mar. Report No.: GAO-13-261.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Wong AN. The model minority at risk: Barriers to mental health access for Chinese Americans [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Galchen R. Nobody’s Fool. New York Times. 2015 Sep 10;M2165.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Neuropathologica Communications
AbbreviationActa Neuropathol. Commun.
ISSN (online)2051-5960
Scope

Other styles