How to format your references using the Acta Neuropathologica Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Neuropathologica Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Nowak MA. Generosity: A winner’s advice. Nature. 2008;456:579.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Foster GL, Vance D. Negligible glacial-interglacial variation in continental chemical weathering rates. Nature. 2006;444:918–21.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Koskinen MT, Haugen TO, Primmer CR. Contemporary fisherian life-history evolution in small salmonid populations. Nature. 2002;419:826–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hafez IH, Berber MR, Fujigaya T, Nakashima N. Enhancement of platinum mass activity on the surface of polymer-wrapped carbon nanotube-based fuel cell electrocatalysts. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6295.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Cann AJ. Mathe für Biologen. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2004.
An edited book
1. Crippen DW, editor. ICU Resource Allocation in the New Millennium: Will We Say “No”? New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Sánchez J, Guinaldo M, Dormido S. Event-Triggered Anticipative Control over Packet-Based Networks. In: Guinaldo Losada M, Rodríguez Rubio F, Dormido Bencomo S, editors. Asynchronous Control for Networked Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 79–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Neuropathologica Communications.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Are You Getting Enough Vitamin B1 To Help Fend Off Alzheimer’s? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/are-you-getting-enough-vitamin-b1-to-help-fend-off-alzheimers/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Commerce Information Technology Solutions Next Generation Governmentwide Acquisition Contract. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Jun. Report No.: GAO-06-791R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Crivello A. DNA methylation of the interferon-gamma promoter in association with overexpression of the interferon-gamma gene in periodontal disease [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Qiu L. Fact-Checking Assertions About the President’s Travel Ban. New York Times. 2017 Feb 23;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Neuropathologica Communications
AbbreviationActa Neuropathol. Commun.
ISSN (online)2051-5960
Scope

Other styles