How to format your references using the Acta Neuropathologica Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Neuropathologica Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Mervis J. Department of Energy. Nominee scores cabinet hat trick. Science. 2004;306:2018.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Sheehan MJ, Tibbetts EA. Specialized face learning is associated with individual recognition in paper wasps. Science. 2011;334:1272–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Achlioptas D, D’Souza RM, Spencer J. Explosive percolation in random networks. Science. 2009;323:1453–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Peruzzo A, Lobino M, Matthews JCF, Matsuda N, Politi A, Poulios K, et al. Quantum walks of correlated photons. Science. 2010;329:1500–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hopkins BR. Starting and Managing a Nonprofit Organization. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Ganty P, Loreti M, editors. Trustworthy Global Computing: 10th International Symposium, TGC 2015 Madrid, Spain, August 31 – September 1, 2015 Revised Selected Papers. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Clavier H, Nolan SP. Building Indenylidene–Ruthenium Catalysts for Metathesis Transformations. In: Dragutan V, Demonceau A, Dragutan I, Finkelshtein ES, editors. Green Metathesis Chemistry. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010. p. 39–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Neuropathologica Communications.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Eye Movement-Controlled Robot Paints Masterpieces... Kind Of [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Commercial Launch Vehicles: NASA Taking Measures to Manage Delays and Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 May. Report No.: GAO-11-692T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Boggs BD. An assessment of campus police departments across Mississippi’s public community and junior colleges [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kishkovsky S. Russian Who Killed Chechen May Get a Pardon. New York Times. 2004 Sep 18;A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Neuropathologica Communications
AbbreviationActa Neuropathol. Commun.
ISSN (online)2051-5960

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