How to format your references using the International Journal of Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Sabadini R: Paleoclimate. Ice sheet collapse and sea level change. Science 295: 2376–2377, 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Caicedo A and Roper SD: Taste receptor cells that discriminate between bitter stimuli. Science 291: 1557–1560, 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Aarts H, Custers R and Marien H: Preparing and motivating behavior outside of awareness. Science 319: 1639, 2008.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
1.
Caputo A, Caci E, Ferrera L, et al.: TMEM16A, a membrane protein associated with calcium-dependent chloride channel activity. Science 322: 590–594, 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Brown RA: Extreme Tissue Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
1.
Steves BA, Maciejewski AJ and Hendry M: Chaotic Worlds: From Order to Disorder in Gravitational N-Body Dynamical Systems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Santana AFL, Alves CF, Santos HRM and de Lima Cavalcanti Felix A: BPM Governance: An Exploratory Study in Public Organizations. In: Enterprise, Business-Process and Information Systems Modeling: 12th International Conference, BPMDS 2011, and 16th International Conference, EMMSAD 2011, held at CAiSE 2011, London, UK, June 20-21, 2011. Proceedings. Halpin T, Nurcan S, Krogstie J, Soffer P, Proper E, Schmidt R and Bider I (eds.) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp46–60, 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Oncology.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S: How Hurricanes Affect Climate Change. IFLScience, 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Safety: FAA’s Safety Oversight System Is Effective but Could Benefit from Better Evaluation of Its Programs’ Performance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Thixton HL: Identification of Site-Specific Mycorrhizal Fungi Associates of the Federally Threatened Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid (Platanthera leucophaea) in Illinois., 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Shpigel B: Edmonton’s Abuzz? Think Prodigy. New York Times: B9, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Oncology
AbbreviationInt. J. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1019-6439
ISSN (online)1791-2423
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology

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