How to format your references using the International Journal of Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon J: Scientific societies. Torture report prompts APA apology. Science 349: 221–222, 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
Strauss JF 3rd and Kafrissen M: Waiting for the second coming. Nature 432: 43–45, 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
LaRiviere FJ, Wolfson AD and Uhlenbeck OC: Uniform binding of aminoacyl-tRNAs to elongation factor Tu by thermodynamic compensation. Science 294: 165–168, 2001.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zielke N, Kim KJ, Tran V, et al.: Control of Drosophila endocycles by E2F and CRL4(CDT2). Nature 480: 123–127, 2011.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee M and Bieker G: Mastering. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA, 2009.
An edited book
Malinowska AB: Quantum Variational Calculus. (Torres DFM (ed.)). Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Flacks R and Thomas SL: ‘Outsiders’, Student Subcultures, and the Massification of Higher Education. In: Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research. Smart JC (ed.) Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp181–218, 2007.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Oncology.

Blog post
Andrew E: Philae Detected Organic Molecules On Comet. IFLScience, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Management Guidelines for Cost Accounting and Cost Control for ADP Systems Design and Development Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez JM: A recruitment campaign for Latino non-kin foster parents: A grant proposal., 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M: Clinton Talks to Children, But Addresses Everybody. New York Times: 124, 1993.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Oncology
AbbreviationInt. J. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1019-6439
ISSN (online)1791-2423
ScopeCancer Research

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