How to format your references using the International Journal of Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Andersen B: Space science. Crossroad for European space activity. Science 307: 1206, 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dudney NJ and Li J: Materials science. Using all energy in a battery. Science 347: 131–132, 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
Touboul M, Puchtel IS and Walker RJ: Tungsten isotopic evidence for disproportional late accretion to the Earth and Moon. Nature 520: 530–533, 2015.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kim JV, Kang SS, Dustin ML and McGavern DB: Myelomonocytic cell recruitment causes fatal CNS vascular injury during acute viral meningitis. Nature 457: 191–195, 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wartenberg TE: A Sneetch Is a Sneetch and Other Philosophical Discoveries. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2013.
An edited book
Atluri V: Data and Applications Security XXII: 22nd Annual IFIP WG 11.3 Working Conference on Data and Applications Security London, UK, July 13-16, 2008 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Colombo J, Arora R, DePace NL and Vinik AI: Validation and General Evaluation of Parasympathetic and Sympathetic Monitoring. In: Clinical Autonomic Dysfunction: Measurement, Indications, Therapies, and Outcomes. Arora R, DePace NL and Vinik AI (eds.) Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp55–76, 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Oncology.

Blog post
Hale T: 23andMe Will Resume Giving Health Data In The US. IFLScience, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Secondary Market Activities of the Student Loan Marketing Association. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Igbojekwe SC: Development of Environmental Friendly Cement for Oil and Gas Well Application., 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr: 21 Years After Businessman’s Murder, His Wife and Her Brother Are Arrested. New York Times: A18, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Oncology
AbbreviationInt. J. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1019-6439
ISSN (online)1791-2423
ScopeCancer Research

Other styles