How to format your references using the International Journal of Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rauchfuss TB: Chemistry. A promising mimic of hydrogenase activity. Science 316: 553–554, 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
Casillas CE and Kammen DM: Environment and development. The energy-poverty-climate nexus. Science 330: 1181–1182, 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
Murray BJ, Knopf DA and Bertram AK: The formation of cubic ice under conditions relevant to Earth’s atmosphere. Nature 434: 202–205, 2005.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang L, Wu T, Guo Y, et al.: Large-area, flexible imaging arrays constructed by light-charge organic memories. Sci Rep 3: 1080, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Belsey C: A Future for Criticism. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2011.
An edited book
Ferrari M and Vuletic L: The Developmental Relations among Mind, Brain and Education: Essays in Honor of Robbie Case. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Ramanan R and Taback H: Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility for Spirituality and Sustainability. In: Spirituality and Sustainability: New Horizons and Exemplary Approaches. Dhiman S and Marques J (eds.) Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp73–88, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Oncology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J: SpaceX Just Nailed Its Fifth Landing After Another Successful Launch. IFLScience, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: The Impact Aid Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boudreau M-L: Chanter en français en Louisiane: Du passé vers le futur., 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Vecsey G: A Star With a Smile, Forever Kid. New York Times: B10, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Oncology
AbbreviationInt. J. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1019-6439
ISSN (online)1791-2423
ScopeCancer Research

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