How to format your references using the International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Henry RC. The mental Universe. Nature 2005 Jul 7;436(7047):29.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bruick RK, McKnight SL. A conserved family of prolyl-4-hydroxylases that modify HIF. Science 2001 Nov 9;294(5545):1337–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rieping W, Habeck M, Nilges M. Inferential structure determination. Science 2005 Jul 8;309(5732):303–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dijkstra MH, Pirinen E, Huusko J, Kivelä R, Schenkwein D, Alitalo K, et al. Lack of cardiac and high-fat diet induced metabolic phenotypes in two independent strains of Vegf-b knockout mice. Sci. Rep. 2014 Aug 29;4:6238.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Malley C. Bonds Without Borders. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Lütjering G. Titanium. 2nd ed. Williams JC, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Delgado A, Calegari D. Changing the Focus of an Organization: From Information Systems to Process Aware Information Systems. In: Gaaloul K, Schmidt R, Nurcan S, Guerreiro S, Ma Q, editors. Enterprise, Business-Process and Information Systems Modeling: 16th International Conference, BPMDS 2015, 20th International Conference, EMMSAD 2015, Held at CAiSE 2015, Stockholm, Sweden, June 8-9, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 53–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health.

Blog post
Fang J. Watch Wasps Build Their Nest in a Window [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Radio Marti. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Feb. Report No.: NSIAD-93-126R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pittsinger RF. The effect of a single bout of surfing on exercise-induced affect [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S. Running for Herself and in Memory. New York Times 2002 Nov 4;F2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
AbbreviationInt. J. Occup. Med. Environ. Health
ISSN (print)1232-1087
ISSN (online)1896-494X
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles