How to format your references using the International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Khodakhah K. Neuroscience: Decrypting a brain enigma. Nature 2015 Oct 15;526(7573):326–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Singleton AB, Traynor BJ. Genetics. For complex disease genetics, collaboration drives progress. Science 2015 Mar 27;347(6229):1422–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zwieniecki MA, Melcher PJ, Michele Holbrook NM. Hydrogel control of xylem hydraulic resistance in plants. Science 2001 Feb 9;291(5506):1059–62.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hanotte O, Bradley DG, Ochieng JW, Verjee Y, Hill EW, Rege JEO. African pastoralism: genetic imprints of origins and migrations. Science 2002 Apr 12;296(5566):336–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Costa F, Gautier C, Labouré E, Revol B. Electromagnetic Compatibility in Power Electronics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Ganascia J-G, Lenca P, Petit J-M, editors. Discovery Science: 15th International Conference, DS 2012, Lyon, France, October 29-31, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Chesdachai S, Tangpricha V. Vitamin D Deficiency in Anorexia Nervosa. In: Tangpricha V, editor. Vitamin D: A Clinical Casebook. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 25–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health.

Blog post
Andrew D. Understanding The Four Types Of AI, From Reactive Robots To Self-Aware Beings [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Progress of the DD(X) Destroyer Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Jun. Report No.: GAO-05-752R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cebada-Ricalde MC. Synthesis and characterization of PANI-coated VGCNFs and evaluation of its use for corrosion inhibition [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Puerto Rico Asks for Help, With Creditors in Pursuit. New York Times 2016 Jan 9;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
AbbreviationInt. J. Occup. Med. Environ. Health
ISSN (print)1232-1087
ISSN (online)1896-494X
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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