How to format your references using the International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chu S. Cold atoms and quantum control. Nature 2002 Mar 14;416(6877):206–10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bendor D, Wang X. The neuronal representation of pitch in primate auditory cortex. Nature 2005 Aug 25;436(7054):1161–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Overby CL, Hripcsak G, Shen Y. Estimating heritability of drug-induced liver injury from common variants and implications for future study designs. Sci. Rep. 2014 Jul 21;4:5762.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lin X, Wang Z, Gao F, Zhang B, Chen H. Atomically thin nonreciprocal optical isolation. Sci. Rep. 2014 Feb 26;4:4190.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Molloy M, Larner W. Fashioning Globalisation. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
Youn Y-K. Color Atlas of Thyroid Surgery: Open, Endoscopic and Robotic Procedures. Lee KE, Choi JY, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Hazzan O, Lapidot T, Ragonis N. Research in Computer Science Education 4. In: Lapidot T, Ragonis N, editors. Guide to Teaching Computer Science: An Activity-Based Approach. London: Springer; 2014. p. 55–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health.

Blog post
Davis J. California Set To Give Solar Panels To Low-Income Families For Free [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Education and Employment Issues: Issue Area Plan for Fiscal Year 1997-99. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 May. Report No.: IAP-97-10.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goggin S. The European Capital of Culture: The politics of a becoming Europe [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. With Memories Entrenched, a Hallowed Site Plows Forward. New York Times 2014 Aug 30;SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
AbbreviationInt. J. Occup. Med. Environ. Health
ISSN (print)1232-1087
ISSN (online)1896-494X
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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