How to format your references using the International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin V. Putting pen to paper. Nature 2004 Nov 18;432(7015):418–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prejean SG, Haney MM. Geophysics. Shaking up volcanoes. Science 2014 Jul 4;345(6192):39.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fortin PD, Walsh CT, Magarvey NA. A transglutaminase homologue as a condensation catalyst in antibiotic assembly lines. Nature 2007 Aug 16;448(7155):824–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bradbury EJ, Moon LDF, Popat RJ, King VR, Bennett GS, Patel PN, et al. Chondroitinase ABC promotes functional recovery after spinal cord injury. Nature 2002 Apr 11;416(6881):636–40.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anaya-Lara O, Campos-Gaona D, Moreno-Goytia E, Adam G. Offshore Wind Energy Generation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Carsrud AL, Brännback M, editors. Understanding the Entrepreneurial Mind: Opening the Black Box. New York, NY: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Kerr KM. The Classification of Pre-invasive Lesions. In: Cagle PT, Allen TC, Beasley MB, Chirieac LR, Dacic S, Borczuk AC, et al., editors. Molecular Pathology of Lung Cancer. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. p. 35–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. Real Crisis In Psychology Isn’t That Studies Don’t Replicate, But That We Usually Don’t Even Try [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Competitive Impact of Restructuring the International Satellite Organizations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Jul. Report No.: RCED-96-204.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Igualada MO. The beliefs of advanced placement teachers regarding equity and access to advanced placement courses: A mixed-methods study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goff PA, Buchanan KS. The Wrong Role for The Police. New York Times 2017 Jun 21;A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
AbbreviationInt. J. Occup. Med. Environ. Health
ISSN (print)1232-1087
ISSN (online)1896-494X
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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