How to format your references using the Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Fessenden M. The cell menagerie: human immune profiling. Nature. 2015;525:409–11.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Yamaguchi KE, Ohmoto H. Comment on “Iron isotope constraints on the Archean and Paleoproterozoic ocean redox state.” Science. 2006;311:177; author reply 177.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ford EB, Seager S, Turner EL. Characterization of extrasolar terrestrial planets from diurnal photometric variability. Nature. 2001;412:885–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhang D, Zhang G, Hayden MS, Greenblatt MB, Bussey C, Flavell RA, et al. A toll-like receptor that prevents infection by uropathogenic bacteria. Science. 2004;303:1522–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wassenaar TM. Bacteria. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Puzrin AM. Geomechanics of Failures. Alonso EE, Pinyol N, editors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Radojević DG. Real-Valued Implication as Generalized Boolean Polynomial. In: Balas VE, Fodor J, Várkonyi-Kóczy AR, editors. New Concepts and Applications in Soft Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 57–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. ‘Teenage’ Jupiter May Hold The Secret Of How Planets Form [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/teenage-jupiter-may-hold-secret-how-planets-form/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Vulnerabilities Exposed Through Covert Testing of TSA’s Passenger Screening Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Nov. Report No.: GAO-08-48T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Otarola AC. The effects of turbulence in an absorbing atmosphere on the propagation of microwave signals used in an active sounding system [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Lee L. A Clean Desk, At Least For Starters. New York Times. 2008 Jan 24;F3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
AbbreviationNucl. Med. Mol. Imaging (2010)
ISSN (print)1869-3474
ISSN (online)1869-3482
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles