How to format your references using the International Journal of Obesity Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Obesity Supplements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Deweerdt S. Aetiology: Crucial clues. Nature 2014; 513: S12-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Genda H, Abe Y. Enhanced atmospheric loss on protoplanets at the giant impact phase in the presence of oceans. Nature 2005; 433: 842–844.
A journal article with 3 authors
Di Matteo T, Springel V, Hernquist L. Energy input from quasars regulates the growth and activity of black holes and their host galaxies. Nature 2005; 433: 604–607.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wong KL, Pawin G, Kwon K-Y, Lin X, Jiao T, Solanki U et al. A molecule carrier. Science 2007; 315: 1391–1393.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwartz P, Kempner M. 50 Great Myths of Human Sexuality. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
Lazaridis M, Colbeck I (eds.). Human Exposure to Pollutants via Dermal Absorption and Inhalation. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Cipolla Ficarra FV. Ergonomy, Industrial Design and Divine Proportion. In: Cipolla-Ficarra F, Veltman K, Cipolla-Ficarra M, Kratky A (eds). Communicability, Computer Graphics and Innovative Design for Interactive Systems: First International Symposium, CCGIDIS 2011, Córdoba, Spain, June 28-29, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012, pp 51–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Obesity Supplements.

Blog post
Luntz S. How Soy Fights Breast Cancer. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Intellectual Property: Improvements Needed to Better Manage Patent Office Automation and Address Workforce Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fisher E. Suffering God. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. At Play in the Cardboard Jungle. New York Times. 2014; : MB3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Obesity Supplements
AbbreviationInt. J. Obes. Suppl.
ISSN (print)2046-2166
ISSN (online)2046-2174

Other styles