How to format your references using the International Journal of Obesity Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Obesity Supplements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Miller C. Biophysics. Lonely voltage sensor seeks protons for permeation. Science 2006; 312: 534–535.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fries M, Steele A. Graphite whiskers in CV3 meteorites. Science 2008; 320: 91–93.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wohlgemuth S, Ronacher B, Wehner R. Ant odometry in the third dimension. Nature 2001; 411: 795–798.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hurlstone AFL, Haramis A-PG, Wienholds E, Begthel H, Korving J, Van Eeden F et al. The Wnt/beta-catenin pathway regulates cardiac valve formation. Nature 2003; 425: 633–637.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Botsai E, Kaneshiro C, Cuccia P, Pajo H. The Architect’s Guide to Preventing Water Infiltration. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
Crippen DW (ed.). ICU Resource Allocation in the New Millennium: Will We Say ‘No’? Springer: New York, NY, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Menken K. Policy Failures: No Child Left Behind and English Language Learners. In: Groenke SL, Hatch JA (eds). Critical Pedagogy and Teacher Education in the Neoliberal Era: Small Openings. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2009, pp 49–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Obesity Supplements.

Blog post
Luntz S. Shallow Coral Reefs Can’t Rely On Their Deep Water Cousins. IFLScience. 2017. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Pollution: FAA’s Reliance on Manufacturers for Jet Engine Emission Testing. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim H. Linkages Between Career Development and Career Technical Education Outcomes Among High Schools in New Jersey. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr. Oakley Rejects Plea Bargain And Demands Day in Court. New York Times. 2017; : A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Obesity Supplements
AbbreviationInt. J. Obes. Suppl.
ISSN (print)2046-2166
ISSN (online)2046-2174

Other styles