How to format your references using the International Journal of Obesity Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Obesity Supplements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boehnke K. Oh the humanities! Science 2015; 347: 1166.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vyas VS, Lotsch BV. Materials chemistry: Organic polymers form fuel from water. Nature 2015; 521: 41–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bertotti B, Iess L, Tortora P. A test of general relativity using radio links with the Cassini spacecraft. Nature 2003; 425: 374–376.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen R, Wheeler PJ, Di Ventra M, Natelson D. Enhanced noise at high bias in atomic-scale Au break junctions. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 4221.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Patterson SJ, Radtke JM. Strategic Communications for Nonprofit Organizations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2009.
An edited book
Murphy C, Scantlebury K (eds.). Coteaching in International Contexts: Research and Practice. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Mchugh T, Connor J. SELECTION OF EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR MANAGEMENT OF CONTAMINATED LANDS. In: Simeonov L, Chirila E (eds). Chemicals as Intentional and Accidental Global Environmental Threats. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2006, pp 45–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Obesity Supplements.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists have made light appear to break Newton’s third law. IFLScience. 2013.’s-third-law/ (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Student Consolidation Loans: Further Analysis Could Lead to Enhanced Default Assumptions for Budgetary Cost Estimates. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ritter D. The EU and conflict: Critically assessing the success of the ESDP and its impact in conflict areas. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G. ‘Cheaters’ Give Rise to Cancer. New York Times. 2015; : D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Obesity Supplements
AbbreviationInt. J. Obes. Suppl.
ISSN (print)2046-2166
ISSN (online)2046-2174

Other styles