How to format your references using the International Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mindell, J.A., 2010. Structural biology. The Tao of chloride transporter structure. Science 330, 601–602.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bellwood, D.R., Hughes, T.P., 2001. Regional-scale assembly rules and biodiversity of coral reefs. Science 292, 1532–1535.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, Juyong, Gross, S.P., Lee, Jooyoung, 2013. Improved network community structure improves function prediction. Sci. Rep. 3, 2197.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Reusser, L.J., Bierman, P.R., Pavich, M.J., Zen, E.-A., Larsen, J., Finkel, R., 2004. Rapid late Pleistocene incision of Atlantic passive-margin river gorges. Science 305, 499–502.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lindl, T., Steubing, R., 2013. Atlas of Living Cell Cultures. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Yakhno, T., Neuhold, E.J. (Eds.), 2006. Advances in Information Systems: 4th International Conference, ADVIS 2006, Izmir, Turkey, October 18-20,2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Broekens, J., Harbers, M., Hindriks, K., van den Bosch, K., Jonker, C., Meyer, J.-J., 2010. Do You Get It? User-Evaluated Explainable BDI Agents, in: Dix, J., Witteveen, C. (Eds.), Multiagent System Technologies: 8th German Conference, MATES 2010, Leipzig, Germany, September 27-29, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 28–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Economics.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Watch Dubai’s New Squad Of Aquatic Jetpack Firefighters [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. The Law Enforcement Education Program Is in Serious Financial Disarray (No. FGMSD-80-46). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nam, S., 2010. A method for teaching jazz improvisation to beginning pianists in a group setting (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sweeney-James, K.A., 2017. Remembering Nana. New York Times A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mindell, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Bellwood and Hughes, 2001; Mindell, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bellwood and Hughes, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Reusser et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Economics
ISSN (print)2110-7017
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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