How to format your references using the Sedimentology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sedimentology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nisini, B. (2000) ASTRONOMY: Enhanced: Water’s Role in Making Stars. Science, 290, 1513–1514.
A journal article with 2 authors
Murray, J. and King, D. (2012) Climate policy: Oil’s tipping point has passed. Nature, 481, 433–435.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hwang, H.-W., Wentzel, E.A. and Mendell, J.T. (2007) A hexanucleotide element directs microRNA nuclear import. Science, 315, 97–100.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Prokhorenko, V.I., Nagy, A.M., Waschuk, S.A., Brown, L.S., Birge, R.R. and Miller, R.J.D. (2006) Coherent control of retinal isomerization in bacteriorhodopsin. Science, 313, 1257–1261.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neff, D.J. and Moss, R.C. (2011) The Future of Nonprofits. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Onji, M. (2008) Dendritic Cells in Clinics, 2nd Edition. Springer Japan, Tokyo, XIV, 194 p. 23 illus., 9 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Blake Simpson, C. and Cheung, E.J. (2006) Evaluation of Vocal Fold Paralysis. In: Vocal Fold Paralysis (Ed. L. Sulica and A. Blitzer), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 55–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sedimentology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) Informed Consent For Stem Cell Research: Why It Matters And What You Should Know. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Airport Financing: Projects Eligible for Federal Support That May Go Unfunded. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simon, J.T. (2017) Classification of Mechanical and Electrical Response of High Performance Fiber Reinforced-Geopolymer Composites (HPFR-GPC). Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M.J. (2017) Oscar Health and Humana Team Up in Small-Firm Venture. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nisini, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Nisini, 2000; Murray & King, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Murray & King, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Prokhorenko et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleSedimentology
ISSN (print)0037-0746
ISSN (online)1365-3091

Other styles