How to format your references using the Sedimentology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sedimentology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ruddiman, W.F. (2010) Climate. A paleoclimatic enigma? Science, 328, 838–839.
A journal article with 2 authors
Harper, K.C. and Sigman, M.S. (2011) Three-dimensional correlation of steric and electronic free energy relationships guides asymmetric propargylation. Science, 333, 1875–1878.
A journal article with 3 authors
Takeuchi, N., Yamanashi, Y. and Yoshikawa, N. (2014) Reversible logic gate using adiabatic superconducting devices. Sci. Rep., 4, 6354.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sutton, M.D., Briggs, D.E.G., Siveter, D.J. and Siveter, D.J. (2005) Silurian brachiopods with soft-tissue preservation. Nature, 436, 1013–1015.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cornier, J., Owen, A., Kwade, A. and Van de Voorde, M. (2017) Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology: Innovation and Production. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Scheffers, A.M. (2016) Lakes of the World with Google Earth: Understanding our Environment. Springer International Publishing, Cham, XIII, 293 p. 404 illus., 270 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Bykovsky, V.K. (2008) Data-Driven Modeling of Complex Systems. In: Unifying Themes in Complex Systems: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Complex Systems (Ed. A. Minai, D. Braha, and Y. Bar-Yam), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 34–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sedimentology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) Newly-Discovered Deep Sea ‘Mushroom’ Could Re-Write Tree of Life. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Space Operations: Listing of NASA Scientific Missions, 1980-2000. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Renteria, Y. (2017) Respite services for post-adoption families transitioning from the child welfare system: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017) Moscow Never Sleeps. New York Times C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ruddiman, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Ruddiman, 2010; Harper & Sigman, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Harper & Sigman, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Sutton et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleSedimentology
ISSN (print)0037-0746
ISSN (online)1365-3091

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