How to format your references using the Sedimentology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sedimentology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag, H. (2014) Drug development: a chance of survival. Nature, 515, S118-20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Greenberger, M.D. and Vogelstein, R. (2005) Public health. Pharmacist refusals: a threat to women’s health. Science, 308, 1557–1558.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meissner, M., Schlüter, D. and Soldati, D. (2002) Role of Toxoplasma gondii myosin A in powering parasite gliding and host cell invasion. Science, 298, 837–840.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Phua, K.K.L., Staats, H.F., Leong, K.W. and Nair, S.K. (2014) Intranasal mRNA nanoparticle vaccination induces prophylactic and therapeutic anti-tumor immunity. Sci. Rep., 4, 5128.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fulton, B.S. (2014) Drug Discovery for the Treatment of Addiction. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Van Assche, F., Anido, L., Griffiths, D., Lewin, C. and McNicol, S. (eds) (2015) Re-engineering the Uptake of ICT in Schools. Springer International Publishing, Cham, XVII, 201 p. 47 illus., 42 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Addis, B. (2016) In Search of Some Principles of Bio-mimetics in Structural Engineering. In: Biomimetic Research for Architecture and Building Construction: Biological Design and Integrative Structures (Ed. J. Knippers, K.G. Nickel, and T. Speck), Springer International Publishing, Cham, 85–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sedimentology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) Busting Myths: A Practical Guide To Countering Science Denial. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) FASAB Volume 1 Original Statements: Statements of Federal Financial Accounting Concepts and Standards. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grannis, K.S. (2010) Secular spiritual quests in modern American novels, 1922–1960. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002) If You Can’t Stand the Name, Get Out of Hell’s Kitchen. New York Times 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoag, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Greenberger & Vogelstein, 2005; Hoag, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Greenberger & Vogelstein, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Phua et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSedimentology
ISSN (print)0037-0746
ISSN (online)1365-3091

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