How to format your references using the Sedimentology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sedimentology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shields, A. (2002) Quantum optics. Quantum logic with light, glass, and mirrors. Science, 297, 1821–1822.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chopra, H.D. and Wuttig, M. (2015) Non-Joulian magnetostriction. Nature, 521, 340–343.
A journal article with 3 authors
Granot, J., Nakar, E. and Piran, T. (2003) Astrophysics: refreshed shocks from a gamma-ray burst. Nature, 426, 138–139.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hari, A., Zhang, Y., Tu, Z., Detampel, P., Stenner, M., Ganguly, A. and Shi, Y. (2014) Activation of NLRP3 inflammasome by crystalline structures via cell surface contact. Sci. Rep., 4, 7281.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blackford, R. (2012) Freedom of Religion and the Secular State. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Meyer, G. and Beiker, S. (eds) (2015) Road Vehicle Automation 2. Springer International Publishing, Cham, IX, 233 p. 49 illus., 44 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Quattrocolo, S. (2015) The Right to Information in EU Legislation. In: Human Rights in European Criminal Law: New Developments in European Legislation and Case Law after the Lisbon Treaty (Ed. S. Ruggeri), Springer International Publishing, Cham, 81–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sedimentology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016) This Bike Lock Sprays Thieves With A Vomit-Inducing Substance. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1984) National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s First-Year Implementation of the Federal Manager’s Financial Integrity Act. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McKinney, R.W. (2017) The Optimal Balance of Liberal Education and Career Readiness in the Context of the American Promise: A Critical Analysis of the American Association of Colleges and Universities Liberal Education and America’s Promise Challenge. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M.R. (2017) ISIS Holdouts in Raqqa Nearly Hemmed In by American-Backed Forces. New York Times A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shields, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Shields, 2002; Chopra & Wuttig, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chopra & Wuttig, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Hari et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSedimentology
ISSN (print)0037-0746
ISSN (online)1365-3091

Other styles