How to format your references using the Sedimentology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sedimentology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Claverie, J.-M. (2005) Fewer genes, more noncoding RNA. Science, 309, 1529–1530.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prokopenko, M. and Lizier, J.T. (2014) Transfer entropy and transient limits of computation. Sci. Rep., 4, 5394.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weaver, B.A.A., Silk, A.D. and Cleveland, D.W. (2006) Cell biology: nondisjunction, aneuploidy and tetraploidy. Nature, 442, E9-10; discussion E10.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Eiserhardt, W.L., Svenning, J.-C., Baker, W.J., Couvreur, T.L.P. and Balslev, H. (2013) Dispersal and niche evolution jointly shape the geographic turnover of phylogenetic clades across continents. Sci. Rep., 3, 1164.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwartz, R. (2012) Rethinking Pragmatism. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Marshall, P.D., D’Cruz, G., McDonald, S. and Lee, K. (eds) (2016) Contemporary Publics: Shifting Boundaries in New Media, Technology and Culture. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, XV, 312 p. 9 illus., 5 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Chimiak-Opoka, J. (2011) Measuring UML Models Using Metrics Defined in OCL within the SQUAM Framework. In: Model Driven Engineering Languages and Systems: 14th International Conference, MODELS 2011, Wellington, New Zealand, October 16-21, 2011. Proceedings (Ed. J. Whittle, T. Clark, and T. Kühne), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 47–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sedimentology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) Possible New Alzheimer’s Drug Target Discovered. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) The Law Enforcement Education Program Is in Serious Financial Disarray. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walker, N.A. (2010) Mothers’ description of raising two children with an autism spectrum disorder: A case study. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Zernike, K. (2015) ‘A Crazy Shake.’ Then Metal Tearing, and Chaos. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Claverie, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Claverie, 2005; Prokopenko & Lizier, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prokopenko & Lizier, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Eiserhardt et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSedimentology
ISSN (print)0037-0746
ISSN (online)1365-3091

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