How to format your references using the Australasian Emergency Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australasian Emergency Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Malakoff D. NUCLEAR SECURITY: Los Alamos Under Siege After Secrets Recovered. Science 2000;288:2109a–10a.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Shi Q, King RW. Chromosome nondisjunction yields tetraploid rather than aneuploid cells in human cell lines. Nature 2005;437:1038–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Dandekar AA, Chugani S, Greenberg EP. Bacterial quorum sensing and metabolic incentives to cooperate. Science 2012;338:264–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Nemazee D, Gavin A, Hoebe K, Beutler B. Immunology: Toll-like receptors and antibody responses. Nature 2006;441:E4; discussion E4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Kazemi GA, Lehr JH, Perrochet P. Groundwater Age. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
McSweeney PLH, Fox PF, editors. Advanced Dairy Chemistry: Volume 1A: Proteins: Basic Aspects, 4th Edition. 4th ed. 2013. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Langbort C. A Mechanism Design Approach to Dynamic Price-Based Control of Multi-Agent Systems. In: Johansson R, Rantzer A, editors. Distributed Decision Making and Control, London: Springer; 2012, p. 113–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australasian Emergency Care.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. Preschoolers Know If You Owe Them Something, According To Psychologists. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/preschoolers-know-if-you-owe-them-something-according-to-psychologists/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Social Security Administration: Effective Planning and Management Practices Are Key to Overcoming IT Modernization Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Collins JW. An Examination of Chronic Absenteeism as Related to Performance on End-of-Year Missouri State Assessments. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Poniewozik J. Back Home, Crashing on a Couch and Dreaming of Rap Greatness. New York Times 2016:C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralasian Emergency Care
ISSN (print)2588-994X
Scope

Other styles