How to format your references using the Australasian Emergency Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australasian Emergency Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Ricklefs RE. Cladogenesis and morphological diversification in passerine birds. Nature 2004;430:338–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Wu J-Q, Pollard TD. Counting cytokinesis proteins globally and locally in fission yeast. Science 2005;310:310–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Peñuelas J, Rutishauser T, Filella I. Ecology. Phenology feedbacks on climate change. Science 2009;324:887–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Li D, Bi F-F, Chen N-N, Cao J-M, Sun W-P, Zhou Y-M, et al. A novel crosstalk between BRCA1 and sirtuin 1 in ovarian cancer. Sci Rep 2014;4:6666.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Danson E. Drawing the Line. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Weinberg K, Pandolfi A, editors. Innovative Numerical Approaches for Multi-Field and Multi-Scale Problems: In Honor of Michael Ortiz’s 60th Birthday. vol. 81. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Schär MO, Rodeo SA. Biology of Injury and Repair of Soft Tissues of the Shoulder. In: Milano G, Grasso A, editors. Shoulder Arthroscopy: Principles and Practice, London: Springer; 2014, p. 59–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australasian Emergency Care.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Smoking Weed Can Alter Your Kids’ DNA, Claim Australian Researchers. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/smoking-weed-can-alter-your-kids-dna-according-australian-researchers/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Unresolved Issues Involving U.S.-Registered Aircraft. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Ross TA. The surgical technologist learning partnership: A comparison of factors in a preceptor relationship. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Sabrina Tavernise With. The Survivors Dribble Out, All With a Story to Tell. New York Times 2002:A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralasian Emergency Care
ISSN (print)2588-994X
Scope

Other styles