How to format your references using the International Journal of Nursing Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Nursing Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hoag H. Chemists’ salaries turn south. Nature. 2003 Apr 17;422(6933):650.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Nadeau RM, Guilhem A. Nonvolcanic tremor evolution and the San Simeon and Parkfield, California, earthquakes. Science. 2009 Jul 10;325(5937):191–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hedrick TL, Cheng B, Deng X. Wingbeat time and the scaling of passive rotational damping in flapping flight. Science. 2009 Apr 10;324(5924):252–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
McLellan JS, Zheng X, Hauk G, Ghirlando R, Beachy PA, Leahy DJ. The mode of Hedgehog binding to Ihog homologues is not conserved across different phyla. Nature. 2008 Oct 16;455(7215):979–83.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kwok S. Organic Matter in the Universe. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Linsen L, Hagen H, Hamann B, editors. Visualization in Medicine and Life Sciences. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. X, 346 p. 162 illus., 35 illus. in color. (Mathematics and Visualization).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Aldana-Reyes X. Discipline… But Punish!: Foucault, Agamben and Torture Porn’s Thanotopolitical Scaffold. In: de Valk M, editor. Screening the Tortured Body: The Cinema as Scaffold. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. p. 51–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Nursing Practice.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Rocket Into Northern Lights Studies The “Invisible Aurora’s” Electric Currents [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/rocket-northern-lights-studies-invisible-aurora-s-electric-currents/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. HUD-Assisted Renters. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 May. Report No.: RCED-95-167R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Li S. Semiconductor and metal oxide nanoparticles: Synthesis, physical properties and industrial application [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hubbard B. 27 Years After Protest, a Victory Lap for Saudi Women. New York Times. 2017 Oct 7;A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Nursing Practice
AbbreviationInt. J. Nurs. Pract.
ISSN (print)1322-7114
ISSN (online)1440-172X
ScopeGeneral Nursing

Other styles