How to format your references using the International Journal of Nursing Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Nursing Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. It could be worse. Nature. 2003 Oct 16;425(6959):745.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ciufolini I, Pavlis EC. A confirmation of the general relativistic prediction of the Lense-Thirring effect. Nature. 2004 Oct 21;431(7011):958–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Euler T, Detwiler PB, Denk W. Directionally selective calcium signals in dendrites of starburst amacrine cells. Nature. 2002 Aug 22;418(6900):845–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Bose A, Guilherme A, Robida SI, Nicoloro SMC, Zhou QL, Jiang ZY, et al. Glucose transporter recycling in response to insulin is facilitated by myosin Myo1c. Nature. 2002;420(6917):821–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Paul CR. Transmission Lines in Digital Systems for EMC Practitioners. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Rossi F. Controlled Drug Delivery Systems: Towards New Frontiers in Patient Care. 1st ed. 2016. Perale G, Masi M, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. X, 100 p. 50 illus. in color. (SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Dabringer C, Eder J. Towards Adaptive Distributed Top-k Query Processing. In: Ivanović M, Thalheim B, Catania B, Schewe K-D, Kirikova M, Šaloun P, et al., editors. New Trends in Databases and Information Systems: ADBIS 2016 Short Papers and Workshops, BigDap, DCSA, DC, Prague, Czech Republic, August 28-31, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 37–44. (Communications in Computer and Information Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Nursing Practice.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Asthma Rates Falling But Eczema And Hay Fever Stand Still. What Does This Tell Us About Allergies? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/asthma-rates-falling-eczema-and-hay-fever-stand-still-what-does-tell-us-about/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Emergency Transit Assistance: Federal Funding for Recent Disasters, and Options for the Future. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008 Feb. Report No.: GAO-08-243.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Borchardt GM. Making D.C. Democracy’s Capital: Local Activism, the “Federal State”, and the Struggle for Civil Rights in Washington, D.C [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Eligon J. An Open Wound for Transgender African-Americans: ‘We’re Considered a Joke.’ New York Times. 2017 Aug 6;A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Nursing Practice
AbbreviationInt. J. Nurs. Pract.
ISSN (print)1322-7114
ISSN (online)1440-172X
ScopeGeneral Nursing

Other styles