How to format your references using the International Journal of Nursing Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Nursing Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Goudsmit J. Obituary: Daniel Carleton Gajdusek (1923-2008). Nature. 2009 Jan 22;457(7228):394.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bellows DS, Tyers M. Cell biology. Chemical genetics hits. Science. 2004 Oct 1;306(5693):67–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lee JY, Engelman JA, Cantley LC. Biochemistry. PI3K charges ahead. Science. 2007 Jul 13;317(5835):206–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Tao T, Wang L, Fan C, Gao W. Development of self-control in children aged 3 to 9 years: perspective from a dual-systems model. Sci Rep. 2014 Dec 11;4:7272.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Saadoun AP. Esthetic Soft Tissue Management of Teeth and Implants. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Afsarmanesh H, Camarinha-Matos LM, Lucas Soares A, editors. Collaboration in a Hyperconnected World: 17th IFIP WG 5.5 Working Conference on Virtual Enterprises, PRO-VE 2016, Porto, Portugal, October 3-5, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XVIII, 675 p. 168 illus. (IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology; vol. 480).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Koenigsmann J. Undecidability in Number Theory. In: Koenigsmann J, Macpherson HD, Pillay A, Toffalori C, Wilkie AJ, editors. Model Theory in Algebra, Analysis and Arithmetic: Cetraro, Italy 2012, Editors: H Dugald Macpherson, Carlo Toffalori. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 159–95. (Lecture Notes in Mathematics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Nursing Practice.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. How We Discovered That The Earth’s Inner Core Is Older Than Previously thought [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/how-we-discovered-earth-s-inner-core-older-previously-thought/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Risk, Experience, and Customer Concerns Drive Changes to Airline Passenger Screening Procedures, but Evaluation and Documentation of Proposed Changes Could Be Improved. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Apr. Report No.: GAO-07-634.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Nambiar VR. A Grounded Theory Study on Business Excellence Models in the United Arab Emirates [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Isherwood C. Transfixed by a Burbling Fountain of Youth. New York Times. 2016 Apr 27;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Nursing Practice
AbbreviationInt. J. Nurs. Pract.
ISSN (print)1322-7114
ISSN (online)1440-172X
ScopeGeneral Nursing

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