How to format your references using the Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bosch X. Radical changes urged for Spanish universities. Nature. 2000;404:425–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Huber M, Caballero R. Eocene El Niño: evidence for robust tropical dynamics in the “hothouse.” Science. 2003;299:877–81.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Peters CJ, Fedida D, Accili EA. Allosteric coupling of the inner activation gate to the outer pore of a potassium channel. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3025.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Reeves EP, Lu H, Jacobs HL, Messina CGM, Bolsover S, Gabella G, et al. Killing activity of neutrophils is mediated through activation of proteases by K+ flux. Nature. 2002;416:291–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Maier H. Chemiker im „Dritten Reich“. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2015.
An edited book
1. Li Y. Bio-based Polyols and Polyurethanes. 1st ed. 2015. Luo X, Hu S, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Jungmann F, Hilgenberg F, Porzelt S, Fischbach M, Wegge J. Team Work and Leadership in an Aging Workforce: Results of an Intervention Project. In: Deml B, Stock P, Bruder R, Schlick CM, editors. Advances in Ergonomic Design of Systems, Products and Processes: Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of GfA 2015. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016. p. 57–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Northern Lights Spectacle Expected During Solar Storm [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Management and Technical Weaknesses Must Be Overcome To Achieve Success. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Mar. Report No.: T-AIMD-96-75.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Walsh EF. The development of comprehensive criminal justice leadership standards: A modified Delphi study approach [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Corkery M, Silver-Greenberg J. Store-Branded Credit Cards Buoy Struggling Retailers, but Mask Their Pain. New York Times. 2017 May 11;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice
AbbreviationHered. Cancer Clin. Pract.
ISSN (online)1897-4287

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