How to format your references using the Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, D. (2003). Taiwan: Biotech vision. Nature, 421(6923), 672–673.
A journal article with 2 authors
Juliano, C., & Wessel, G. (2010). Developmental biology. Versatile germline genes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5992), 640–641.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wolfsberg, T. G., McEntyre, J., & Schuler, G. D. (2001). Guide to the draft human genome. Nature, 409(6822), 824–826.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kang-Decker, N., Mantchev, G. T., Juneja, S. C., McNiven, M. A., & van Deursen, J. M. (2001). Lack of acrosome formation in Hrb-deficient mice. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5546), 1531–1533.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rounds, J., & Segner, R. (2011). Construction Supervision. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Proulx, T. (Ed.). (2011). MEMS and Nanotechnology, Volume 4: Proceedings of the 2011 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tristão, J. C., Silva, A. A., Ardisson, J. D., & Lago, R. M. (2009). Magnetic nanoparticles based on iron coated carbon produced from the reaction of Fe2O3 with CH4: a Mössbauer study. In J. Desimoni, C. P. Ramos, B. Arcondo, F. D. Saccone, & R. C. Mercader (Eds.), LACAME 2008: Proceedings of the 11th Latin American Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect, (LACAME 2006) held in La Plata, 9-14 November 2008 (pp. 21–25). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, August 22). Sloths Aren’t Lazy – Their Slowness Is A Survival Skill. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Federal Research: Small Business Innovation Research Program Shows Success but Can Be Strengthened (No. T-RCED-92-45). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Collins, K. (2014). Learning to live in the layers: Traveling soul’s way through poetry (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2002, September 1). A Government Train To Tolstoy’s Birthplace. New York Times, p. 53.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski 2003; Juliano and Wessel 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Juliano and Wessel 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Kang-Decker et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleChild and Adolescent Social Work Journal
AbbreviationChild Adolesc. Social Work J.
ISSN (print)0738-0151
ISSN (online)1573-2797
ScopeGeneral Social Sciences
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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