How to format your references using the Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen, D. (2004). Introductory matters. Nature, 429(6991), 584.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morris, S. C., & Caron, J.-B. (2007). Halwaxiids and the early evolution of the lophotrochozoans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5816), 1255–1258.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martinón-Torres, M., Rehren, T., & Freestone, I. C. (2006). Mullite and the mystery of Hessian wares. Nature, 444(7118), 437–438.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Thon, M., Hosoi, T., Yoshii, M., & Ozawa, K. (2014). Leptin induced GRP78 expression through the PI3K-mTOR pathway in neuronal cells. Scientific reports, 4, 7096.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Choudhry, M., Moskovic, D., Wong, M., Baig, S., Liu, Z., Lizzio, M., & Voicu, A. (2014). Fixed Income Markets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bielke, W., & Erbacher, C. (Eds.). (2010). Nucleic Acid Transfection (Vol. 296). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Legutke, S. (2012). Building Earth System Models. In G. Riley, R. Budich, & R. Redler (Eds.), Earth System Modelling - Volume 5: Tools for Configuring, Building and Running Models (pp. 45–54). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, June 15). Does Tapping A Can Of Fizzy Drink Really Stop It Foaming Over? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). Contract Pricing: Subcontractor Prices Overstated on AN/TSQ-111 Communications Contract (No. NSIAD-86-166). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adams, A. A. (2009). A study of the attitudes and opinions of southwest Missouri educators regarding the value and outcome of the performance based teacher evaluation process (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clarey, C. (2017, January 17). Williams Avoids Opening-Round Stumble, Overcoming a Tough Young Foe. New York Times, p. B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koen 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Koen 2004; Morris and Caron 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morris and Caron 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Thon et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleChild and Adolescent Social Work Journal
AbbreviationChild Adolesc. Social Work J.
ISSN (print)0738-0151
ISSN (online)1573-2797
ScopeGeneral Social Sciences
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Other styles