How to format your references using the Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hughes, V. (2010). The outlook for a cure. Nature, 466(7304), S11-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Niu, F., & Wen, L. (2001). Hemispherical variations in seismic velocity at the top of the Earth’s inner core. Nature, 410(6832), 1081–1084.
A journal article with 3 authors
Halevy, I., Peters, S. E., & Fischer, W. W. (2012). Sulfate burial constraints on the Phanerozoic sulfur cycle. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6092), 331–334.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yakata, S., Tanaka, T., Kiseki, K., Matsuyama, K., & Kimura, T. (2013). Wide range tuning of resonant frequency for a vortex core in a regular triangle magnet. Scientific reports, 3, 3567.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Franssen, J.-M., & Real, P. V. (2010). Fire Design of Steel Structures. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Apsel, A. (2014). Design of Ultra-Low Power Impulse Radios. (X. Wang & R. Dokania, Eds.) (Vol. 124). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Krzywkowski, M. (2013). An Algorithm for Listing All Minimal 2-Dominating Sets of a Tree. In M. Fellows, X. Tan, & B. Zhu (Eds.), Frontiers in Algorithmics and Algorithmic Aspects in Information and Management: Third Joint International Conference, FAW-AAIM 2013, Dalian, China, June 26-28, 2013. Proceedings (pp. 12–16). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, May 5). Poorer Nations Are More Committed To Wildlife Conservation Than Richer Ones. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). U.S. Trade and Development Agency: Limitations Exist in Its Ability to Help Generate U.S. Exports (No. GGD-94-9). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morales, G. A. (2015). Effects of communication and control latency on air traffic controller acceptance of unmanned aircraft operations (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. (2016, October 14). Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, p. MM26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hughes 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Hughes 2010; Niu and Wen 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Niu and Wen 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Yakata et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleChild and Adolescent Social Work Journal
AbbreviationChild Adolesc. Social Work J.
ISSN (print)0738-0151
ISSN (online)1573-2797
ScopeGeneral Social Sciences
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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