How to format your references using the Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal (Child Adolesc Soc Work J). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reich, E. S. (2011). Online reputations: Best face forward. Nature, 473(7346), 138–139.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwartz, D., & Collins, F. (2007). Medicine. Environmental biology and human disease. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5825), 695–696.
A journal article with 3 authors
Labrosse, S., Hernlund, J. W., & Coltice, N. (2007). A crystallizing dense magma ocean at the base of the Earth’s mantle. Nature, 450(7171), 866–869.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhou, T., Georgiev, I., Wu, X., Yang, Z.-Y., Dai, K., Finzi, A., et al. (2010). Structural basis for broad and potent neutralization of HIV-1 by antibody VRC01. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5993), 811–817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rezzoug, A., & El-Hadi Zaïm, M. (2011). Non-conventional Electrical Machines. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chakraborty, B. (2013). Statistical Methods for Dynamic Treatment Regimes: Reinforcement Learning, Causal Inference, and Personalized Medicine. (E. E. M. Moodie, Ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Murday, V. A. (2016). Screening for Genetic Susceptibility to Paediatric Tumours. In R. Carachi & J. L. Grosfeld (Eds.), The Surgery of Childhood Tumors (pp. 35–50). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, August 8). Can Wormholes Fix A Major Problem With Black Holes? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Implementation of the Display System Replacement Project (No. T-RCED-00-19). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walker, D. (2017). University Research Adminstrators’ Perception of Incivility and the Relationship to Employee Engagement (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2004, December 12). Critics See Kremlin’s Hand in Charges Against Ex-K.G.B. Agent. New York Times, p. 127.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Justham 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Lane 2010; Lawler 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schwartz and Collins 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Melnick et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleChild and Adolescent Social Work Journal
AbbreviationChild Adolesc. Social Work J.
ISSN (print)0738-0151
ISSN (online)1573-2797
ScopeGeneral Social Sciences
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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