How to format your references using the Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gille, S. (2014). Oceanography. How ice shelves melt. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6214), 1180–1181.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huismans, R., & Beaumont, C. (2011). Depth-dependent extension, two-stage breakup and cratonic underplating at rifted margins. Nature, 473(7345), 74–78.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prajeesh, A. G., Ashok, K., & Rao, D. V. B. (2013). Falling monsoon depression frequency: a Gray-Sikka conditions perspective. Scientific reports, 3, 2989.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kim, S. O., Solak, H. H., Stoykovich, M. P., Ferrier, N. J., De Pablo, J. J., & Nealey, P. F. (2003). Epitaxial self-assembly of block copolymers on lithographically defined nanopatterned substrates. Nature, 424(6947), 411–414.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The American Ceramic Society. (2009). Progress in Nanotechnology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ng, W., Storey, V. C., & Trujillo, J. C. (Eds.). (2013). Conceptual Modeling: 32th International Conference, ER 2013, Hong-Kong, China, November 11-13, 2013. Proceedings (Vol. 8217). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Takanashi, K., & Mizukami, S. (2013). Spintronic Properties and Advanced Materials. In Y. Aoyagi & K. Kajikawa (Eds.), Optical Properties of Advanced Materials (pp. 103–124). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 7). Planck Reveals Most Detailed Map Yet Of The Milky Way’s Magnetic Field. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). DOD Satellite Control (No. NSIAD-95-69R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCarthy, A. C. (2012). Tangle towns tie-breaker: A multidimensional knapsack study (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wakabayashi, D., & Corkery, M. (2017, August 23). Walmart And Google Partner, Eyes On Amazon. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gille 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gille 2014; Huismans and Beaumont 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Huismans and Beaumont 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleChild and Adolescent Social Work Journal
AbbreviationChild Adolesc. Social Work J.
ISSN (print)0738-0151
ISSN (online)1573-2797
ScopeGeneral Social Sciences
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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