How to format your references using the Experimental Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dickersin, K., 2010. Health-care policy. To reform U.S. health care, start with systematic reviews. Science 329, 516–517.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burrows, M., Sutton, G., 2013. Interacting gears synchronize propulsive leg movements in a jumping insect. Science 341, 1254–1256.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tex, D.M., Kamiya, I., Kanemitsu, Y., 2014. Control of hot-carrier relaxation for realizing ideal quantum-dot intermediate-band solar cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 4125.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Alff, L., Krockenberger, Y., Welter, B., Schonecke, M., Gross, R., Manske, D., Naito, M., 2003. A hidden pseudogap under the “dome” of superconductivity in electron-doped high-temperature superconductors. Nature 422, 698–701.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Noyer, J.-M., 2016. Transformation of Collective Intelligences. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Koch, I., Reisig, W., Schreiber, F. (Eds.), 2011. Modeling in Systems Biology: The Petri Net Approach, Computational Biology. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, J.C.H., Wu, H.A., 2013. Aesthetic Creativity: Bridging Arts, Culture, and Education, in: Leong, S., Leung, B.W. (Eds.), Creative Arts in Education and Culture: Perspectives from Greater China, Landscapes: The Arts, Aesthetics, and Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Neurology.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2017. This GIF Shows What A Baby Can See Every Month For The First Year Of Its Life [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Relevance of GAO Report, “Improvements Needed in DOE’s Efforts To Develop a Financial Reporting System” (No. EMD-78-112). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wuebbels, P.J., 2014. Effectiveness of Reading and Writing Across the Curriculum on Middle School Reading Comprehension and Preparation for Common Core State Standards (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tankersley, J., 2017. Economist Says Benefits Of Tax Cut Were Inflated. New York Times A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dickersin, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Burrows and Sutton, 2013; Dickersin, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burrows and Sutton, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Alff et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Neurology
AbbreviationExp. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0014-4886
ScopeDevelopmental Neuroscience

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