How to format your references using the Experimental Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Polly, P.D., 2013. Evolution: stuck between the teeth. Nature 497, 325–326.
A journal article with 2 authors
King-Jones, K., Thummel, C.S., 2005. Developmental biology. Less steroids make bigger flies. Science 310, 630–631.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gwynne, D.T., Judge, K.A., Kelly, C.D., 2010. Evidence for male allocation in pipefish? Nature 466, E11; discussion E12.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Whitlock, J.R., Heynen, A.J., Shuler, M.G., Bear, M.F., 2006. Learning induces long-term potentiation in the hippocampus. Science 313, 1093–1097.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Keene, A., 2013. Keene on the Market. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nakakoji, K., Murakami, Y., McCready, E. (Eds.), 2010. New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence: JSAI-isAI 2009 Workshops, LENLS, JURISIN, KCSD, LLLL, Tokyo, Japan, November 19-20, 2009, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Veronesi, G., 2015. Thoracic Surgery, in: Spinoglio, G. (Ed.), Robotic Surgery: Current Applications and New Trends, Updates in Surgery. Springer, Milano, pp. 29–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Neurology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. A Dietitian Puts Extreme “Clean Eating” Claims To The Test – And The Results Aren’t Pretty [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. General Services Issues (No. OCG-93-28TR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Paredes, J., 2017. Critical Support for Central American Newcomer Youth and Schooling in One Southern California High School (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S., 2003. City College Senior Seeks Yet Another Record. New York Times D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Polly, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (King-Jones and Thummel, 2005; Polly, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (King-Jones and Thummel, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Whitlock et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Neurology
AbbreviationExp. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0014-4886
ScopeDevelopmental Neuroscience

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