How to format your references using the Journal of Biological Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biological Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Mellars P. Neanderthals and the modern human colonization of Europe. Nature. 2004;432:461–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Pattabiraman VR, Bode JW. Rethinking amide bond synthesis. Nature. 2011;480:471–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Topper TP, Holmer LE, Caron J-B. Brachiopods hitching a ride: an early case of commensalism in the middle Cambrian Burgess Shale. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6704.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Denisov D, Dang MT, Struth B, Wegdam G, Schall P. Resolving structural modifications of colloidal glasses by combining x-ray scattering and rheology. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1631.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Rogers DW. Concise Physical Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Maio M. The Male Patient in Aesthetic Medicine. Rzany B, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Misztal PK. Measuring Rapid Changes in Plant Volatiles at Different Spatial Levels. In: Blande JD, Glinwood R, editors. Deciphering Chemical Language of Plant Communication. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 95–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biological Engineering.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Astronomers Complete Largest Ever Galaxy Simulation [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/astronomers-complete-largest-ever-galaxy-simulation/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Observations on Proposed Corporation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 May. Report No.: T-RCED-94-210.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Harris DW. An examination of the impact of computer-based animations and visualization sequence on student understanding of Hadley Cells in atmospheric circulation [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by. Arts, Briefly; Rostropovich Quits Moscow Opera. New York Times. 2005 Nov 30;E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biological Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Biol. Eng.
ISSN (online)1754-1611
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Biomedical Engineering
Environmental Engineering

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