How to format your references using the International Journal of Multimedia Information Retrieval citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Multimedia Information Retrieval. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Putterman L (2014) Behavioural economics: A caring majority secures the future. Nature 511:165–166
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wang MH, vom Saal FS (2000) Maternal age and traits in offspring. Nature 407:469–470
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sugiyama T, Suzuki H, Takahashi T (2014) Light-induced rapid Ca2+ response and MAPK phosphorylation in the cells heterologously expressing human OPN5. Sci Rep 4:5352
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Takayama S, Shimosato H, Shiba H, et al (2001) Direct ligand-receptor complex interaction controls Brassica self-incompatibility. Nature 413:534–538

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Scot L (2010) The Simplified Guide to Not-for-Profit Accounting, Formation, and Reporting. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Winkler D, O’Connor RV, Messnarz R (2012) Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement: 19th European Conference, EuroSPI 2012, Vienna, Austria, June 25-27, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Howard GD, Bull L, Adamatzky A (2012) Cartesian Genetic Programming for Memristive Logic Circuits. In: Moraglio A, Silva S, Krawiec K, et al (eds) Genetic Programming: 15th European Conference, EuroGP 2012, Málaga, Spain, April 11-13, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 37–48

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Multimedia Information Retrieval.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2013) Scientists have created a blueprint for a prosthetic hand with a sense of touch. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/scientists-have-created-blueprint-prosthetic-hand-sense-touch/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1975) Review of Certain Problems in the Cosmetology Accrediting Commission. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Annan F (2012) Spatial pattern of yield distributions: implications for crop insurance. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Pratt T (2012) ‘If You Fix Cities, You Kind of Fix the World.’ New York Times MM22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Multimedia Information Retrieval
AbbreviationInt. J. Multimed. Inf. Retr.
ISSN (print)2192-6611
ISSN (online)2192-662X
ScopeInformation Systems
Media Technology
Library and Information Sciences

Other styles