How to format your references using the International Journal of Multimedia Information Retrieval citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Multimedia Information Retrieval. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Parsch J (2011) Evolution. The cost of being male. Science 332:798–799
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Dulcis D, Spitzer NC (2008) Illumination controls differentiation of dopamine neurons regulating behaviour. Nature 456:195–201
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Grant AN, Brönnimann S, Haimberger L (2008) Recent Arctic warming vertical structure contested. Nature 455:E2-3; discussion E4-5
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Dauphas N, van Zuilen M, Wadhwa M, et al (2004) Clues from Fe isotope variations on the origin of early Archean BIFs from Greenland. Science 306:2077–2080

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Carrasco RA, Johnston M (2008) Non-Binary Error Control Coding for Wireless Communication and Data Storage. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Li D, Wang B (2005) Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations: IFIP TC12 WG12.5 - Second IFIP Conference on Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations (AIAI2005), September 7–9, 2005, Beijing, China. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Piccardi C, Casagrandi R (2009) Remarks on Epidemic Spreading in Scale-Free Networks. In: Chiuso A, Fortuna L, Frasca M, et al (eds) Modelling, Estimation and Control of Networked Complex Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 77–89

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Multimedia Information Retrieval.

Blog post
1.
Davis J (2015) Injected Nanoparticles Could Stop Internal Bleeding. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/nanoparticles-could-stop-internal-bleeding/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2006) No Child Left Behind Act: Assistance from Education Could Help States Better Measure Progress of Students with Limited English Proficiency. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Uthe PB (2010) The development of polycationic materials for gene delivery applications. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Belcher D (2014) Yuri Lyubimov, Experimental Director of the Russian Stage, Is Dead at 97. New York Times A24

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Multimedia Information Retrieval
AbbreviationInt. J. Multimed. Inf. Retr.
ISSN (print)2192-6611
ISSN (online)2192-662X
ScopeInformation Systems
Media Technology
Library and Information Sciences

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