How to format your references using the International Journal of Multimedia Information Retrieval citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Multimedia Information Retrieval. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Grangier P (2012) Physics. Room for just one photon. Science 336:812–813
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lodish H, Fedoroff N (2012) Retrospective. Norton Zinder (1928-2012). Science 335:1316
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ghuman AS, van den Honert RN, Martin A (2013) Interregional neural synchrony has similar dynamics during spontaneous and stimulus-driven states. Sci Rep 3:1481
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Rasmussen SGF, DeVree BT, Zou Y, et al (2011) Crystal structure of the β2 adrenergic receptor-Gs protein complex. Nature 477:549–555

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Volpe MA (2013) Rethinking Christian Identity. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford
An edited book
1.
Beeton D, Meyer G (2015) Electric Vehicle Business Models: Global Perspectives. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Leckie FA, Bello DJD (2009) Axial Members and Pressure Vessels. In: Leckie FA (ed) Strength and Stiffness of Engineering Systems. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 1–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Multimedia Information Retrieval.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2015) Oldest Known Human Fossil Discovered. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/28-million-year-old-jawbone-oldest-homo-fossil-ever-discovered/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2017) 2015 Electronically Controlled Pneumatic Brake Rule: Comparison of DOT Forecasts for Selected Data Points for 2015 and 2016 to Preliminary Data for Those Years. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Osterhout HL (2010) No More “Mad Money”: Salvaging the Commander’s Emergency Response Program. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K (2002) My Son the Bureaucrat, My Dad the Gadfly. New York Times 143

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Multimedia Information Retrieval
AbbreviationInt. J. Multimed. Inf. Retr.
ISSN (print)2192-6611
ISSN (online)2192-662X
ScopeInformation Systems
Media Technology
Library and Information Sciences

Other styles