How to format your references using the International Journal of Molecular Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Molecular Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, A.B. Paleontology. Making the best of a patchy fossil record. Science 2003, 301, 321–322.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schumacher, T.N.; Schreiber, R.D. Neoantigens in cancer immunotherapy. Science 2015, 348, 69–74.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reinhard, C.T.; Planavsky, N.J.; Lyons, T.W. Long-term sedimentary recycling of rare sulphur isotope anomalies. Nature 2013, 497, 100–103.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Günther, T.; Chen, Z.F.; Kim, J.; Priemel, M.; Rueger, J.M.; Amling, M.; Moseley, J.M.; Martin, T.J.; Anderson, D.J.; Karsenty, G. Genetic ablation of parathyroid glands reveals another source of parathyroid hormone. Nature 2000, 406, 199–203.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vaseghi, S.V. Advanced Digital Signal Processing and Noise Reduction; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2006; ISBN 9780470094969.
An edited book
Gupta, V.P. The Functional Analysis of Quantum Information Theory: A Collection of Notes Based on Lectures by Gilles Pisier, K. R. Parthasarathy, Vern Paulsen and Andreas Winter; Mandayam, P., Sunder, V.S., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Physics; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 902; ISBN 9783319167176.
A chapter in an edited book
Talbott, M.R.; Estes, A.; Zierhut, C.; Dawson, G.; Rogers, S.J. Early Start Denver Model. In Early Intervention for Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder; Lang, R., Hancock, T.B., Singh, N.N., Eds.; Evidence-Based Practices in Behavioral Health; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 113–149 ISBN 9783319309231.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Molecular Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 10,000-Year-Old Prehistoric Forest Discovered Submerged Off UK Coast Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Essential Air Service: Changes in Passenger Traffic, Subsidy Levels, and Air Carrier Costs; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2000;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Razzaghi, M. Quantum Tunneling in Hydride Transfer Reactions in Solution. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University: Edwardsville, IL, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. Songs Say What Words Can’t. New York Times 2017, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Mol. Sci.
ISSN (online)1422-0067
ScopeMolecular Biology
Inorganic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Computer Science Applications
General Medicine

Other styles