How to format your references using the International Journal of Molecular Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Molecular Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bargmann, C.I. Comparative Chemosensation from Receptors to Ecology. Nature 2006, 444, 295–301.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fehr, E.; Fischbacher, U. The Nature of Human Altruism. Nature 2003, 425, 785–791.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tuff, J.; Wade, J.; Wood, B.J. Volcanism on Mars Controlled by Early Oxidation of the Upper Mantle. Nature 2013, 498, 342–345.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, X.; Song, J.; Liu, J.; Wang, Z.L. Direct-Current Nanogenerator Driven by Ultrasonic Waves. Science 2007, 316, 102–105.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horton, I. Ivor Horton’s Beginning Visual C++® 2012; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2012; ISBN 9781118983997.
An edited book
SemProM: Foundations of Semantic Product Memories for the Internet of Things; Wahlster, W., Ed.; Cognitive Technologies; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; ISBN 9783642373763.
A chapter in an edited book
Serra, J. Grain Building Ordering. In Mathematical Morphology and Its Applications to Image and Signal Processing: 10th International Symposium, ISMM 2011, Verbania-Intra, Italy, July 6-8, 2011. Proceedings; Soille, P., Pesaresi, M., Ouzounis, G.K., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; pp. 37–48 ISBN 9783642215681.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Molecular Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Why Do People Feel ‘A Rose By Any Other Name’ Wouldn’t Fit As Well? (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Problems and Needed Improvements in Evaluating Office of Education Programs; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1977;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mantilla, A.N. The Differences in the Educational Experiences and Caregiver Involvement in Education between Youth in Foster Care and Those in Care of Their Biological Parents. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. Cecilia Bartoli May Return to New York. New York Times 2017, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Mol. Sci.
ISSN (online)1422-0067
ScopeMolecular Biology
Inorganic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Computer Science Applications
General Medicine

Other styles