How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, “Part-time growth,” Nature, vol. 420, no. 6912, p. 3, Nov. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Tanaka and S. Sakaguchi, “Immunology. Early life Aire,” Science, vol. 348, no. 6234, pp. 506–507, May 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. J. McDonald, W. A. Teder-Sälejärvi, and L. M. Ward, “Multisensory integration and crossmodal attention effects in the human brain,” Science, vol. 292, no. 5523, p. 1791, Jun. 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. Graetz et al., “Mapping local variation in educational attainment across Africa,” Nature, vol. 555, no. 7694, pp. 48–53, Feb. 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. S. Iyengar, N. Parameshwaran, V. V. Phoha, N. Balakrishnan, and C. D. Okoye, Fundamentals of Sensor Network Programming. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
R. C. Murrihy, A. D. Kidman, and T. H. Ollendick, Eds., Clinical Handbook of Assessing and Treating Conduct Problems in Youth. New York, NY: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
C. E. Burkhardt and J. J. Leventhal, “Time-Dependent States in One Dimension,” in Foundations of Quantum Physics, J. J. Leventhal, Ed., New York, NY: Springer, 2008, pp. 1–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Iron Additive Turns Bacteria Into Electricity Producers,” IFLScience, Feb. 09, 2017. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “American Samoa: Accountability for Key Federal Grants Needs Improvement,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-05-41, Dec. 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. Batson, “Head Start and at -risk students: Perceptions of administrators, practitioners, and parents,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Johnson, “The Gradual Extinction of Accepted Truths,” New York Times, p. D6, Aug. 25, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. IEEE Nucl. Plasma Sci. Soc.
ISSN (print)0093-3813
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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