How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, “United States backs soil strategy in fight against global warming,” Nature, vol. 406, no. 6796, pp. 549–550, Aug. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Anand and N. Chandra, “Characterizing the pocketome of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and application in rationalizing polypharmacological target selection,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6356, Sep. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. C. Zachos, G. R. Dickens, and R. E. Zeebe, “An early Cenozoic perspective on greenhouse warming and carbon-cycle dynamics,” Nature, vol. 451, no. 7176, pp. 279–283, Jan. 2008.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Kawasaki, J. Lee, A. Matsuzawa, T. Kohda, T. Kaneko-Ishino, and F. Ishino, “Active DNA demethylation is required for complete imprint erasure in primordial germ cells,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 3658, Jan. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Duggan, Enterprise Software Architecture and Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
M. Helfert and B. Donnellan, Eds., Practical Aspects of Design Science: European Design Science Symposium, EDSS 2011, Leixlip, Ireland, October 14, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, vol. 286. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Halper, “Advances in the Use of Growth Factors for Treatment of Disorders of Soft Tissues,” in Progress in Heritable Soft Connective Tissue Diseases, J. Halper, Ed. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014, pp. 59–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “The Pope, Climate Change And The Cultural Dimensions Of The Anthropocene,” IFLScience, 19-Jul-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Status of FCC Efforts To Allocate Costs Between Telephone Companies’ Regulated and Unregulated Activities,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-83-235, Sep. 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Janpengpen, “Monitoring and forecasting biosolids odors at prior lime and post lime addition in wastewater treatment plants,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Hollander, “Jersey City Show Features a Twist,” New York Times, p. 89, 29-Sep-2002.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [1].
This sentence cites four references [1], [1], [1], [1].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. IEEE Nucl. Plasma Sci. Soc.
ISSN (print)0093-3813
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles