How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Konner, “Bad words,” Nature, vol. 411, no. 6839, p. 743, Jun. 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. Morata and G. Struhl, “Developmental biology: Tethered wings,” Nature, vol. 505, no. 7482, pp. 162–163, Jan. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. R. Neal, S. E. Haggerty, and V. Sautter, “‘Majorite’ and ‘silicate perovskite’ mineral compositions in xenoliths from Malaita,” Science, vol. 292, no. 5519, p. 1015, May 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
O. Lyamin, J. Pryaslova, V. Lance, and J. Siegel, “Animal behaviour: continuous activity in cetaceans after birth,” Nature, vol. 435, no. 7046, p. 1177, Jun. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. P. Pohanish, HazMat Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
B. S. Yadav and M. Mohan, Eds., Ancient Indian Leaps into Mathematics. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Alenda and N. Olivetti, “Tableau Calculus for the Logic of Comparative Similarity over Arbitrary Distance Spaces,” in Logic for Programming, Artificial Intelligence, and Reasoning: 17th International Conference, LPAR-17, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, October 10-15, 2010. Proceedings, C. G. Fermüller and A. Voronkov, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010, pp. 52–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science.

Blog post
B. Taub, “Baby Macaques Smile In Their Sleep, Just Like Humans,” IFLScience, Aug. 05, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Aviation Research: Information on Funding, Staffing, and Timing of FAA’s Research Projects,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-92-108FS, Feb. 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. O. Igualada, “The beliefs of advanced placement teachers regarding equity and access to advanced placement courses: A mixed-methods study,” Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. K. (nyt), “World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Weapons Found Near Vnukovo Airport,” New York Times, p. A6, Jun. 07, 2002.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. IEEE Nucl. Plasma Sci. Soc.
ISSN (print)0093-3813
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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