How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. W. Lauher, “Chemistry. A versatile molecular trap built from hydrogen-bonded tiles,” Science, vol. 333, no. 6041, pp. 415–416, Jul. 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. H. Devoret and R. J. Schoelkopf, “Superconducting circuits for quantum information: an outlook,” Science, vol. 339, no. 6124, pp. 1169–1174, Mar. 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. A. Trainor, L. Ariza-McNaughton, and R. Krumlauf, “Role of the isthmus and FGFs in resolving the paradox of neural crest plasticity and prepatterning,” Science, vol. 295, no. 5558, pp. 1288–1291, Feb. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. D. Park et al., “A group-IV ferromagnetic semiconductor: MnxGe1-x,” Science, vol. 295, no. 5555, pp. 651–654, Jan. 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. W. Higman, How Food Made History. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2011.
An edited book
S.-P. U, Design of Very High-Frequency Multirate Switched-Capacitor Circuits: Extending the Boundaries of CMOS Analog Front-End Filtering, vol. 867. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Beckert, T. Bormer, and M. Wagner, “A Metric for Testing Program Verification Systems,” in Tests and Proofs: 7th International Conference, TAP 2013, Budapest, Hungary, June 16-20, 2013. Proceedings, M. Veanes and L. Viganò, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013, pp. 56–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Half Of All Life May Be Extinct Within A Century,” IFLScience, Feb. 27, 2017. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “University Finances: Research Revenues and Expenditures,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-86-162BR, Jul. 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P. G. Poldervaart, “A qualitative study of nursing didactic programs: Novice nurses’ perception of competence, confidence, and retention,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A. Fitzgerald, “Worlds in a Cell,” New York Times, p. BR13, Aug. 02, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. IEEE Nucl. Plasma Sci. Soc.
ISSN (print)0093-3813
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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