How to format your references using the Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Strober W. Immunology. Unraveling gut inflammation. Science. 2006;313:1052–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gilboa L, Lehmann R. Soma-germline interactions coordinate homeostasis and growth in the Drosophila gonad. Nature. 2006;443:97–100.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Elsässer SJ, Allis CD, Lewis PW. Cancer. New epigenetic drivers of cancers. Science. 2011;331:1145–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. La Spina A, Paolicchi P, Kryszczyńska A, Pravec P. Retrograde spins of near-Earth asteroids from the Yarkovsky effect. Nature. 2004;428:400–1.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Krysinski T, Malburet F. Mechanical Instability. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Senzaki H, Yasukochi S, editors. Congenital Heart Disease: Morphological and Functional Assessment. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lusk E. Using MPI to Implement Scalable Libraries. In: Ropo M, Westerholm J, Dongarra J, editors. Recent Advances in Parallel Virtual Machine and Message Passing Interface: 16th European PVM/MPI Users’ Group Meeting, Espoo, Finland, September 7-10, 2009 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 6–6.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Our Oceans Have Saved The World From Warming An Insane 36°C In The Past Century [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/our-oceans-have-saved-the-world-from-warming-an-insane-36c-in-the-past-century/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Jan. Report No.: GAO-03-360R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Zavarella CA. Computer -based instruction and remedial mathematics: A study of student retention at a Florida community college [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Cooper M, Kourlas G. Rockettes’ Big Show For Spring Is Killed. New York Times. 2017 Oct 25;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
AbbreviationAnn. Clin. Microbiol. Antimicrob.
ISSN (online)1476-0711
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

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