How to format your references using the International Journal of Mental Health Promotion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mental Health Promotion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wade, N. (2009). Retrospective. John Maddox (1925-2009). Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5930), 1028.
A journal article with 2 authors
Segers, V. F. M., & Lee, R. T. (2008). Stem-cell therapy for cardiac disease. Nature, 451(7181), 937–942.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lapointe, C. P., Mason, T. G., & Smalyukh, I. I. (2009). Shape-controlled colloidal interactions in nematic liquid crystals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5956), 1083–1086.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dulieu, F., Congiu, E., Noble, J., Baouche, S., Chaabouni, H., Moudens, A., … Cazaux, S. (2013). How micron-sized dust particles determine the chemistry of our Universe. Scientific Reports, 3, 1338.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Karlson, B., Bria, A., Lind, J., Lönnqvist, P., & Norlin, C. (2005). Wireless Foresight. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Billinton, R., Karki, R., & Verma, A. K. (Eds.). (2013). Reliability and Risk Evaluation of Wind Integrated Power Systems. New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Tongway, D. J., & Ludwig, J. A. (2011). Restoring Damaged Rangelands. In J. A. Ludwig (Ed.), Restoring Disturbed Landscapes: Putting Principles into Practice (pp. 45–61). Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mental Health Promotion.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, March 7). How Wingless Mantises Prevent Face-Planting When They Land. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Status Information: FAA’s Year 2000 Business Continuity and Contingency Planning Efforts Are Ongoing (No. AIMD-99-40R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gowetski, D. B. (2012). Manipulation of DNA topology using an artificial DNA-looping protein (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, May 26). Hamilton Minus Music. New York Times, p. BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wade, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Segers & Lee, 2008; Wade, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Segers & Lee, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Lapointe, Mason, & Smalyukh, 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dulieu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mental Health Promotion
AbbreviationInt. J. Ment. Health Promot.
ISSN (print)1462-3730
ISSN (online)2049-8543
ScopeHealth Policy
Psychiatry and Mental health
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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