How to format your references using the Accreditation and Quality Assurance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Accreditation and Quality Assurance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Witten E (2012) Quantum mechanics of black holes. Science 337:538–540
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwefel HGL, Türeci HE (2015) Optics. A chaotic approach clears up imaging. Science 348:189–190
A journal article with 3 authors
Taniguchi H, Lu J, Huang ZJ (2013) The spatial and temporal origin of chandelier cells in mouse neocortex. Science 339:70–74
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Prochnik SE, Umen J, Nedelcu AM, et al (2010) Genomic analysis of organismal complexity in the multicellular green alga Volvox carteri. Science 329:223–226

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dunlop J, Girma D, Irvine J (2013) Digital Mobile Communications and the Tetra System. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, England
An edited book
Volchkov VV (2009) Harmonic Analysis of Mean Periodic Functions on Symmetric Spaces and the Heisenberg Group. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Dufour F, Prieto-Rumeau T (2012) Approximation of Infinite Horizon Discounted Cost Markov Decision Processes. In: Hernández-Hernández D, Minjárez-Sosa JA (eds) Optimization, Control, and Applications of Stochastic Systems: In Honor of Onésimo Hernández-Lerma. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, pp 59–76

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Accreditation and Quality Assurance.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Long-Lost City Discovered Deep Within Honduras Rainforest. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) S. 1490, a Bill To Authorize the Administrator of General Services To Enter Into Multiyear Leases Through Use of the Automatic Data Processing Fund Without Obligating the Total Anticipated Payments To Be Made Under Such Leases. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen DN (2012) Career decision process of first generation Vietnamese American college students. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stellin S (2013) District Judge Upholds Government’s Right to Search Electronics at Border. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAccreditation and Quality Assurance
AbbreviationAccreditation Qual. Assur.
ISSN (print)0949-1775
ISSN (online)1432-0517
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Other styles