How to format your references using the Accreditation and Quality Assurance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Accreditation and Quality Assurance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Malakoff D (2000) NUCLEAR ESPIONAGE: Report Details Spying on Touring Scientists. Science 288:2300–2301
A journal article with 2 authors
Cruz M, Coontz R (2013) Exoplanets. Alien worlds galore. Introduction. Science 340:565
A journal article with 3 authors
Maeda H, Norum DVL, Gallagher TF (2005) Microwave manipulation of an atomic electron in a classical orbit. Science 307:1757–1760
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hunt JF, Weinkauf S, Henry L, et al (2002) Nucleotide control of interdomain interactions in the conformational reaction cycle of SecA. Science 297:2018–2026

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maude D (2006) Global Private Banking and Wealth Management. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Zhang H (2010) Recursive Partitioning and Applications, Second. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Sarfaty J (2012) Civil Society and Education Advocacy in Ecuador. In: Verger A, Novelli M, Mundy K, et al (eds) Campaigning for “Education for All”: Histories, Strategies and Outcomes of Transnational Advocacy Coalitions in Education. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 51–64

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Accreditation and Quality Assurance.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) Divers Encounter Enormous Ocean Sunfish. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) NATO-Warsaw Pact: Conventional Force Balance--Papers for U.S. and Soviet Perspectives Workshops. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Platt JB (2008) Feast in the time of terror: Stalinist temporal paradox and the 1937 Pushkin Jubilee. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2016) Marcia Clark Has Moment to Savor at Emmys. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAccreditation and Quality Assurance
AbbreviationAccreditation Qual. Assur.
ISSN (print)0949-1775
ISSN (online)1432-0517
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Other styles