How to format your references using the Accreditation and Quality Assurance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Accreditation and Quality Assurance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Andersen B (2005) Space science. Crossroad for European space activity. Science 307:1206
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kouwenhoven LP, Venema LC (2000) Heat flow through nanobridges. Nature 404:943–944
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Li L, Dudin YO, Kuzmich A (2013) Entanglement between light and an optical atomic excitation. Nature 498:466–469
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Elyada E, Pribluda A, Goldstein RE, et al (2011) CKIα ablation highlights a critical role for p53 in invasiveness control. Nature 470:409–413

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Cornier J, Owen A, Kwade A, Van de Voorde M (2017) Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology: Innovation and Production. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
1.
Cavallaro L, Gollmann D (2013) Information Security Theory and Practice. Security of Mobile and Cyber-Physical Systems: 7th IFIP WG 11.2 International Workshop, WISTP 2013, Heraklion, Greece, May 28-30, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bajd T, Mihelj M, Munih M (2013) Geometric Robot Model. In: Mihelj M, Munih M (eds) Introduction to Robotics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 57–71

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Accreditation and Quality Assurance.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S (2015) Bizarre Bulge Spotted On Ganymede. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/ganymede-has-love-handles/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2000) Naval Ship Donation: Selection Decision for U.S.S. New Jersey Was Objective, but Selection Process Can Be Strengthened. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Wheeler JA (2012) The Scaling of High Harmonics with Mid-Infrared Driving Fields and a Method for the Spatial Isolation of Individual Subfemtosecond Pulses. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Barry E, Kishkovsky S (2014) As Putin’s Popularity Soars, Voices of Opposition Are Being Drowned Out. New York Times A13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAccreditation and Quality Assurance
AbbreviationAccreditation Qual. Assur.
ISSN (print)0949-1775
ISSN (online)1432-0517
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Instrumentation

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