How to format your references using the Accreditation and Quality Assurance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Accreditation and Quality Assurance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reenan RA (2005) Molecular determinants and guided evolution of species-specific RNA editing. Nature 434:409–413
A journal article with 2 authors
Baumiller TK, Gahn FJ (2004) Testing predator-driven evolution with Paleozoic crinoid arm regeneration. Science 305:1453–1455
A journal article with 3 authors
Attri AK, Kumar U, Jain VK (2001) Formation of ozone by fireworks. Nature 411:1015
A journal article with 5 or more authors
De Smedt P, Van Meirvenne M, Herremans D, et al (2013) The 3-D reconstruction of medieval wetland reclamation through electromagnetic induction survey. Sci Rep 3:1517

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Young GC (2010) Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Adhikari R, Thapa S (2014) Infectious Diseases and Nanomedicine II: First International Conference (ICIDN – 2012), Dec. 15-18, 2012, Kathmandu, Nepal. Springer India, New Delhi
A chapter in an edited book
Heylings JR (2014) Diffusion Cell Design. In: Shah VP, Maibach HI, Jenner J (eds) Topical Drug Bioavailability, Bioequivalence, and Penetration. Springer, New York, NY, pp 69–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Accreditation and Quality Assurance.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) The Pacific’s Floating “Plastic Continents” Will Soon Wash Up On Our Shorelines. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Transportation Trust Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilday D (2014) Soulmaking within the destructive side of God seeing through monotheism’s holy warrior 9/11 to prehistory. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2007) Adjudging a Moral Harm To Women From Abortions. New York Times A18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAccreditation and Quality Assurance
AbbreviationAccreditation Qual. Assur.
ISSN (print)0949-1775
ISSN (online)1432-0517
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Other styles