How to format your references using the Accreditation and Quality Assurance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Accreditation and Quality Assurance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Owens B (2013) Mining: Extreme prospects. Nature 495:S4-6
A journal article with 2 authors
Rohde PP, Dowling JP (2015) QUANTUM OPTICS. The on-ramp to the all-optical quantum information processing highway. Science 349:696
A journal article with 3 authors
Costello C, Gaines S, Gerber LR (2012) Conservation science: A market approach to saving the whales. Nature 481:139–140
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu Z, Yan H, Wang K, et al (2004) Crystal structure of spinach major light-harvesting complex at 2.72 A resolution. Nature 428:287–292

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnes P, Davies M (2009) Sub-Contracting under the JCT 2005 Forms. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Bauer E, Sigrist M (2012) Non-Centrosymmetric Superconductors: Introduction and Overview. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Hult J (2010) The Dangerous Steam Engine. In: Grimvall G, Holmgren ÅJ, Jacobsson P, Thedéen T (eds) Risks in Technological Systems. Springer, London, pp 35–45

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Accreditation and Quality Assurance.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Ants Craft Their Own Powerful Antibiotics By Mixing Different Substances. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) R&D Funding: The Department of Education in Perspective. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thomack A (2017) Random Harmonic Polynomials. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2002) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Referendum In Chechnya. New York Times A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAccreditation and Quality Assurance
AbbreviationAccreditation Qual. Assur.
ISSN (print)0949-1775
ISSN (online)1432-0517
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Other styles